National Repository of Grey Literature 113 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Theoretical and practical aspects of building an internal market in the European Union
Ševčíková, Michaela ; Kučerová, Irah (advisor) ; Hřích, Jan (referee)
The thesis deals with theoretical and practical aspects of building an internal market in the European Union. It makes a theoretical reflection of European economic integration, identifies the forms of economic integration and analyses individual theoretical concepts. The thesis concentrates on analyzing the fundamental strategic documents which influenced the process of building an internal market. The thesis investigates the four basic freedoms - freedom of movement of goods, services, labour and capital - which are necessary preconditions for an effective functioning of an internal market. It analyses achievement of an internal market in practice, identifies its most fundamental obstacles and offers possible solutions that would remove them. The paper also offers a comparison of efficiency of economies of the European Union, the United States and China.
The Application of VAT in The EU
Ševčíková, Michaela ; Kopřiva, Jan (referee) ; Svirák, Pavel (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the issue of value added tax. Its correct application under the Value Added Tax Act No. 235/2004 Sb. In concrete cases, which are subsequently listed in the practical part of this diploma thesis on selected companie and their business operations. The conclusion of this thesis is the assessment of the problems and proposals of tax optimization, the reduction of the tax liability as allowed by the legislation.
The Convergence Process of the Czech Republic to the Federal Republic of Germany in the years 1993-2015
Křížek, David ; Vostrovská, Zdenka (advisor) ; Ševčíková, Michaela (referee)
This diploma thesis is focuses on the Czech Republic's convergence to the Federal Republic of Germany. Both nominal and real convergences on selected indicators for the period from 1993 to 2015 are examined. Firstly, a part of the convergence of the issue, its theoretical concepts and the concepts that can be used to explore this process are devoted. The necessary political, historical and economic contexts are provided which enable the Czech Republic to position itself in relation to the Federal Republic of Germany. Subsequently, the thesis deals directly with analysis of time series. Nominal convergence is judged by the Maastricht criteria, namely the harmonized index of consumer prices and the value of long-term interest rates. Real convergence is then analyzed using the GDP indicator. The last part of this work is focused on testing beta and sigma convergence hypothesis. It is thus proven that the Czech Republic's convergence towards the Federal Republic is ongoing, but it is strongly influenced by economic cycles and other shocks to the national economy.
Analysis of the purchasing power of wages in the Czech Republic between 2004-2017
Vodžák, Milan ; Štípek, Vladimír (advisor) ; Ševčíková, Michaela (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to analyze the purchasing power of wages in the Czech Republic, which achieves very poor results. I discuss the market, historical and institutional factors that can cause wage differences on the basis of comparison with the states of Europe. I analyze the popular problem with the economic apparatus and propose solutions that can prevent the outflow of a qualified workforce and raise the living standards of the population. On a theoretical basis, I discuss the labour productivity and its possible causes, which are mainly human capital and technological equipment. Further, I explain the historical context of the socialist era and the institutional factors in the labour markets. In the practical part, using the causal analysis and comparison, I find, with the help of the Human Development Index, the states with high standards of living, that I compare with the Czech Republic. I detect, that investing in education or research and development has no clear impact on labour productivity, which is low in Czech Republic. Historical data confirm, that in the monitored period 2004-2017, Czech wages grew more than wages in Western Europe, but the wage approach is far away. I also analyze the impact of high labour costs, civil servants, governmental and currency interventions, and lastly, I show forecasts of purchasing power evolution, that seems positive.
Analysis of support and financing of start-up projects in Israel in the period of years 2003 - 2015
Zedková, Daniela ; Ševčíková, Michaela (advisor) ; Munzi, Tomáš (referee)
This thesis analyzes the support and financing of start-up projects in Israel, especially in the period of years 2003 - 2015. Main goalof the thesis is to analyze the developmnet of of the Israeli startup environment, facts and the institutions that influence it. The thesis furthermore compares the development of the startup ecosystem in Israel and the USA during the period mentioned above. To achieve these goals the method of analysis has been chosen, especially causal, cestoral and system analysis. The thesis shows that the mains causes of the dynamic development of the startup ecosystem in Israel is in particular the government initiative together with the creation of the Office of the Chief Scientist, constantly rising spending on R&D and the associated support for venture capital funds. In comparison with the US, in Israel, the government sector plays a significant role in all types of support, whether financial or institutional, thus motivating foreign investors to enter the Israeli financial market. The success of the Israeli state lies also in its historical events, cultural habits and the features of the population. The main benefit of the thesis, except the analysis of the Israeli startup environment and its comparison with the US is a comprehensive analysis of the insignificant facts that influenced its current development.
The impact of establishing euro in the Czech Republic on economic policy by 2020
Bohata, Martin ; Štěpánek, Pavel (advisor) ; Ševčíková, Michaela (referee)
The thesis addresses the points of interest related to establishing the euro currency in the Czech Republic by 2020. What are the connected costs and benefits? Is euro going to be a contribution to the Czech economy? The theoretical part describes the creation process of European monetary union. The paper then works with advantages and risks associated with euro. The main cost of membership in the eurozone being the loss of independent monetary policy and the loss of the exchange rate mechanism is estimated in range of 0.59 to 2.34 % of GDP. Comparing the direct costs and benefits then leads to a net loss for the Czech Republic. Mutual comparison is conducted between the Czech Republic and Slovakia. It is shown that the difference in economic progress between these two countries is statistically insignificant. Thus the thesis concludes that establishing the euro in the Czech Republic by 2020 would be of no benefit.
Australská imigrační politika jako inspirace pro Evropskou unii v době migrační krize?
Šimák, Radim ; Ševčíková, Michaela (advisor) ; Zeman, Martin (referee)
This thesis compares different immigration policies of countries in the European Union on selected sample of countries: Germany, Belgium, Sweden, Italy, Czech Republic and Australia. The theoretical part of the thesis focuses on the basic concepts related to migration, such as the theory and methodology of migration. The theoretical part also presents the common immigration, asylum and visa policy of the European Union and its historical development. In conclusion, the thesis argues that the European Union may, in some aspects of the migration crisis, be inspired by the Australian approach to migration. The aim was to evaluate different approaches and consequent impacts. The impact on economics indicators suggests that using the Australian model would achieve better employment and a lesser burden on public budgets. Based on these findings, the thesis then presents recommendations and proposals for solution.
Economic and political impacts of Italian immigration policy in ‎2011-2015
Holomková, Anna ; Ševčíková, Michaela (advisor) ; Zeman, Martin (referee)
The aim of this thesis is an evaluation of immigration policy of Italy after the Arabic spring. The work focuses on the influence of an inflow of immigrants from non-European union countries from 2011 to 2015. There are basic terms of migration characterised in the theoretical part, its typology and the theories of migration. Furthermore, the historical development of migration in Italy is shown. The practical part focuses on a distribution of foreign population out of EU. The thesis examines the immigration policy, especially the asylum and the fight against illegal migrants. The position of immigrants in a labour market is solved in the other part. The thesis focuses on the integration of immigrants in education or housing. The proposed changes of immigration policy and several scenarios of future development are also listed in the last part of this thesis. The work has proved that there have been changes in immigration policy after the Arabic spring. The state is trying to adapt the immigration policy by reinforcing immigration inflows. Increasing influx of immigrants influences the foreign population that increases population and creates more varied national composition. Since 2011, the Italian government has been making legislative changes in the immigration policy. For instance, by concluding an integration agreement which makes the immigrant integration to the Italian society easier. The first benefit of the work is writing my own recommendations for immigration and integration policy which can improve the situation in the country. The second benefit is a presentation of several scenarios of future development of migration policy of Italy but also for the whole European union.
Analysis of deflationary factors in the Czech Republic in years 2008-2016. Was the CNB's decision to start intervene on foreign exchange markets well-founded?
Krampera, Tomáš ; Ševčíková, Michaela (advisor) ; Munzi, Tomáš (referee)
The decision of the Czech National Bank to initiate interventions on foreign exchange markets on 7th November 2013 based on an alleged threat of deflation induced a significant professional debate about the legitimacy of such a step as well as the phenomenon of deflation itself. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the development of Czech economy before and after the interventions using a macroeconomic and econometric analysis. That includes identifying potential deflationary factors, which are then put into context of good and bad deflation characteristics. Further analysis is to determine whether foreign exchange interventions were a justified step. This bachelor paper also mentions the characterization of different viewpoints on deflation, the evolution of opinions from a historical perspective and the description of low-inflation development abroad. The final part of this paper identified low inflation in Eurozone and the prices of oil as the main deflationary factors, both of which matching good and bad deflation characterization. I find CNBs foreign exchange interventions as an unfounded step.
Autocracy, democracy and economic growth: China vs. EU between 1979 - 2015
Gücklhorn, Jakub ; Procházka, Pavel (advisor) ; Ševčíková, Michaela (referee)
The bachelor thesis examines the role of the political system in optimizing economic policies on example of China and European Union in 1979-2015. The introduction of the theoretical part deals with the importance of economic growth. In the following are described basic approaches to economic growth, which include both the view of neoclassical economics and institutional economics. In the practical part is carried out a comparative analysis of several economic indicators influencing economic growth in order to find out, which political arrangement provides better background for economic growth. The paper concludes that a better background for long-term economic growth is a democratic political order.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 113 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
9 ŠEVČÍKOVÁ, Markéta
3 Ševčíková, Magda
5 Ševčíková, Marcela
5 Ševčíková, Marie
9 Ševčíková, Markéta
2 Ševčíková, Martina
13 Ševčíková, Michaela
2 Ševčíková, Miroslava
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