National Repository of Grey Literature 104 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Older siblings - their role and influence on the development of their younger siblings
Chytrý, Václav ; Šírová, Eva (referee)
When analyzing the development of children and adolescents, the most attention is usually paid to parents. Other older members of a family, however, have an important role, too. The crucial, yet often neglected person (at least in Czech literature), impacting the development of an individual, is his or her older sibling. The subject of the theoretical part of this thesis is to clarify the specifics of a sibling relationship as well as to describe the role and the sphere of influence of the older sibling considering all the factors that come into the relationship between two siblings. The empirical part consists of the description of the research project and the results of the research, whose aim is to discover the specifics of a sibling relationship with a particular focus on the upbringing styles of the older sibling; to find differences between the upbringing methods of parents and the upbringing methods of older siblings; and to find out to what extent the gender and the age difference between siblings determines their mutual relationship. The secondary aim is to create a questionnaire for determining the role of an older sibling. My rigorous work is based on the diploma thesis, which it expands mainly in the empirical part. Keywords: siblings, sibling relationships, the role of a sibling,...
Fathers on parental leave, their interpersonal attitudes, values and tendencies
Žofáková, Anežka ; Šírová, Eva (referee)
The rigorous thesis deals with topic of uncommon role of fathers being on parental leave. The aim of the thesis is to describe the general public's perception of the role as well as to explore its psychological circumstances. In broader context of family, the paper deals with the mother and father figure, their roles and their relationships with their children. The main focus is on the importance of the father in the family and the benefits for children and in further detail also on the personality characteristics of the caring fathers. In the paper is based on available resources that deal with the topic of parental leave, the fathers' act of taking parental leave, their motivation and the effect of parental leave itself on the children. We focus mainly on the situation in the Czech Republic. The empirical part consists of two pieces of (realized) researches. The first one is put on the attitude of Czech men (as the potential fathers taking parental leave in the future) to taking on a parental role in relation to the openness to experience factor in the NEO Five-Factor Inventory. We consider the potential predictors of the fathers' taking parental leave as well. The second one is focused on fathers on paternity leave and their personality charakteristics. The research explores fathers who...
Pedagogical practice and stress in begining elementary school teacher
Kameník, Martin ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Kolečková, Tereza (referee)
I Abstract The main purpose of this bachelor thesis is to examine the benefits of pedagogical practice for beginning elementary school teachers in connection to experienced stress. It maps different techniques of dealing with reality over expectations and the outcomes of first involvement with the actual performance of a teacher. It determines key parts of the practice that can either help decrease or increase the amount of encountered stress. The thesis introduces a draft research of quantitative character that would detect the significance of pedagogical practice in this field using questionnaires. Keywords Beginning Teacher, Pedagogical Practice, Stress
Problematic behaviour of schoolchild in the lesson at primary school
Kafková, Pavla ; Čáp, David (advisor) ; Šírová, Eva (referee)
(in English): This bachelor's thesis deals with the problematic behaviour of primary school students in the classroom. The main aim of this bachelor thesis is to describe the causes and forms of problematic behaviour, the function of inappropriate behaviour and setting the boundaries of appropriate and inappropriate behaviour in classrooms. The bachelor thesis seeks answers to the question of why problem behaviour occurs and offers several approaches to solve such behaviour. The topic of the research project proposal is the perception of the boundary between appropriate and inappropriate behaviour by both the student and the teacher. The subject of the research proposal is mainly such problematic behaviour, which can at least partially influence the student, and which disrupts his learning process. The research consists of a qualitative and a quantitative part and its central question is whether the line between appropriate and inappropriate behaviour is perceived equally by teachers and students, or they differ in their judgment.
The meaning of salsa in the life of recreational dancers
Šafaříková, Klára ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Štětovská, Iva (referee)
The aim of the diploma thesis is to map the meanings of salsa in the life of recreational dancers. Pair salsa dance was intentionally chosen as a representative of the so-called social dance group, which is characterized by its unique improvisation and self-expression. The theoretical part will be devoted to key topics focused on salsa dance and improvisation, phenomenon of flow, self-transcendence, expression of emotions, dance movement therapy. In the theoretical part, we were interested in other professional research with similar topics. The empirical part of the diploma thesis deals with the research topic of the importance of salsa for recreational dancers. This research served as an exploratory study of salsa, which is not yet very psychologically explored. It is a qualitative research that uses analytical procedures with elements of grounded theory. Research data were obtained through an in-depth interview with 13 informants. We interpreted the resulting information to understand the mental states and processes on multiple levels in the context of salsa and its importance in the lives of recreational dancers. From the data analysis, we created a Bio-psycho-socio-spiritual model of salsa. At the same time, we received answers to research questions, what impulses lead informants and their...
Self-efficacy of professional athletes and further application possibilities
Skopcová, Alena ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Fonville, Alexandra (referee)
This project explores the means of self-efficacy development in competitive athletes. The theoretical part of the project will include sport motivation, performance and most importantly the application of a psychological concept of self-efficacy in individual sports. Additionally, it will discuss various self-efficacy measurements and enhancement techniques in athletes. The empirical part of the project will include qualitative research which aims to explore the level of self-efficacy in modern gymnasts and verify particular techniques of self-efficacy enhancement in their training. Keywords Self-efficacy; Sport Psychology; Motivation to Sport; Imagery; Self-talk; Goal setting
The Role of a Child in a Pre-divorce and Divorce Behavior of Parents
Froncová, Lucie ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The thesis deals with the issue of possible roles that children may play due to a pre- divorce behaviour of their parents and a divorce and a post-divorce situation. The theme of these roles, resp. their list and description of some of them are to varying degrees part of almost every publication focused on the topic of divorce, or the topic of children in it. However, none of these publications addresses this issue in sufficient depth and detail. The theoretical part of the work introduces the knowledge on this topic published so far and creates a new theoretical system, resp. organization of undesirable roles of children in divorce and post-divorce situations. The empirical work then describes a qualitative survey focused on the identification of roles in the pre-divorce and especially the divorce and post-divorce situation. 14 respondents participated in this survey. The analysis of their statements further developed and modified the created theoretical system. It also added practical examples, putting this whole theoretical concept into a practical context. Keywords divorce, role of a child, pre-divorce situation, post-divorce situation
The relationship of life satisfaction of adolescents to their parents
Zindlová, Hana ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Morávková, Kateřina (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals mainly with the topic of life satisfaction in adolescence. The thesis defines the concepts of life satisfaction and well-being and summarizes current knowledge and results of life satisfaction research in adolescents. Sources of life satisfaction are listed here. The most important psychosocial changes in adolescence are also listed below. The work also deals with the relationship of parents with adolescent children and their influence on their satisfaction with life in this period. The purpose of this work is to find out if there is a relationship between life satisfaction of parents and their adolescent children. The information used comes from Czech and foreign sources and is supplemented by information from foreign surveys dealing with the life satisfaction of adults, adolescents or the relationship of parents and adolescents. The thesis contains a proposal for research into the relationship of life satisfaction of adolescents aged 15-17 years and life satisfaction of their parents. Quantitative research is proposed and its aim is to explore this issue in Czech. The results of the research could significantly contribute to the investigation of the area of life satisfaction of adolescents in the Czech Republic and could be used to prevent the mental health of...
ADHD in girls
Mikulcová, Julie ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Kolečková, Tereza (referee)
This work deals with differences in ADHD manifestation in girls and boys and problems associated with ADHD such as problematic interaction with peers, substance use or problems with self-perception and executive functions. The work also deals with comorbidities with ADHD in girls (eg. depression, anxiety disorders or eating disorders). The aim of the research project is to gain insight into the manifestation of ADHD in girls in school environment, as perceived by teacher who have experience with these girls. This insight can potentially serve as an overview of ADHD manifestation in girls in school environment. This overview could then be used by other teachers to be aware of ADHD manifestations in girls which differ from ADHD manifestations in boys. Awareness of these differences could help in earlier help and support of girls with ADHD. Keywords ADHD, ADHD in Girls, Hyperactivity, Gender Differences, Comorbidities
Use of the short-term goal-setting method for athetes with regard to their personality traits
Nezdoba, Jakub ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the possibilities of predicting success in athletes in the short- term, process-oriented goal-setting method using the NEO-FFI inventory. The first part of the thesis describes the five-factor model of personality and the possibilities of its psychodiagnostics' measurement. The second part of the thesis describes the mechanisms of the goal-setting method with rules and procedures for its effective application. The method of goal-setting is then connected in theory as well as research with a five-factor personality model using a correlation study in real conditions. The research sample consisted of 316 performance ice-hockey players aged 15 to 19 years. These players underwent the goal- setting method and the personality traits measurement using NEO-FFI. The strongest predictor of success found using the goal-setting method was the size of the selected goal. Of the personality traits, it was merely a trait extraversion, which, however, provided a relatively weak prediction option.

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