National Repository of Grey Literature 35 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Changes of canon law from the Second Vatican Council to the present
Koranda, Jan ; Tretera, Jiří Rajmund (advisor) ; Horák, Záboj (referee)
Changes of canon law from the Second Vatican Council to the present Abstract This diploma thesis deals with the development of canon law after the Second Vatican Council. Canon law, like other systems of law, is undergoing constant development, responding both to the development of human knowledge and to the changes in society in which it exists. The thesis deals with the changes of canon law made by the popes after the Second Vatican Council, with the main emphasis being placed on the changes made by papal laws, ie apostolic constitutions or motu proprio. Ecclesiastical laws of lower legal force are included in the work only if they implement the papal law or are otherwise directly affected by it. The introductory part of the thesis deals with the historical context of the Second Vatican Council, especially the First Vatican Council, which was forcibly interrupted right after the publication of the first two documents and never officially ended. Nevertheless, the work on the first codification of canon law, completed in 1917, was born on its basis. The social and political development associated with the two world wars caused the need to reform not only the code but also the whole canon law. The next part of the work deals with the Second Vatican Council, convened by Pope John XXIII. for the purpose of...
The Concept of Marriage Conclusion In the Canon Law Code
Mikulášová, Martina ; Tretera, Jiří Rajmund (advisor) ; Horák, Záboj (referee)
59 THE FORM OF ENTERING INTO MARRIAGE ACCORDING TO THE CODE OF CANON LAW Summary I consider family as one of the most important pillars and foundations of society. A healthy society should be based on family and marriage which is a unique bond between a man and a woman. One way of achieving and enhancing the status of marriage and family in the society is a deeper study of provisions governing marriage. Therefore I take this opportunity to address the institute of marriage viewed upon in terms of Canon law. Canon law could be considered as a part of the European legal culture. Its knowledge is therefore certainly important not only for theologians, but also for lawyers. The conclusion of a marriage in front of the church is also deemed valid and is fully recognized by laws of the Czech Republic. The canonical form is one of the requirements affecting the validity of marriage. Therefore, I find it necessary to give it enough attention. My thesis is divided into four chapters. In the first chapter, I tried to provide the readers with a simple definition of the canonical form of marriage, its historical evolution, and some differences considering the Eastern churches. An enclosed section deals with the current legislation, namely treatment of the issue of canonical form by the Code of Canon Law 1983 and the...
The Principles of the Presbyterial-Synodical Ecclesiastical Polity
Csukás, Adam ; Tretera, Jiří Rajmund (advisor) ; Horák, Záboj (referee)
The Principles of Synodical-Presbyterial Church Government This work reflects the principles of the synodical-presbyterial church government, which are referred to in the church constitutions of the Evangelical Church of Czech Brethren and the Reformed Christian Church in Slovakia. The author draws attention to the importance of the principles of church polity in ecclesial life, pointing to their occasional inadequate reflection. In this context, the author points out the introduction of the Führerprinzip in the German Evangelical Church in the 1930s. In addition, he highlights examples of churches that have been able to clearly formulate the principles of church polity, and some of them have even incorporated them into their church law. The author goes on to clarify the basic terminology used in his work, focusing on the naming of Protestant churches in different languages. He deals with the division of churches into families according to the categorization used by the World Council of Churches, paying special attention to the family of United and Uniting churches. He describes five types of these churches, and considering the need to introduce another, a sixth type of United and Uniting churches. Next, he deals with the basic characteristics of Reformed, Presbyterian and Evangelical Lutheran churches. The...
Fight against organized crime in Japan - the past and the present
Kubíčková, Tereza ; Tomášek, Michal (advisor) ; Tretera, Jiří Rajmund (referee)
6 Abstract The goal of this thesis is to provide a basic overview of the legislative acts taken against organized crime in Japan, and to map the intriguing historical evolution of organized crime until the present day. Also, to show how the connection and the historically advantageous relationship between the yakuza and the ruling elites affected the law in Japan. The first chapter is dedicated to the historical milestones of organized crime in Japan from the 17th century to the implementation of the first comprehensive law against the organized crime - the Bōtaihō, in 1991. In the next part of this thesis the particularities of the legislation against organized crime can be found, including the differences of the American and European models as well as the details of the Bōtaihō law itself. The third chapter is dedicated to the complementary and follow-up legislations concerning the fight against organized crime. Key words: organized crime, yakuza, legal instruments to fight organized crime
The legal position of the Federation of Jewish Communities in the Czech Republic
Crofony, Timea ; Tretera, Jiří Rajmund (advisor) ; Horák, Záboj (referee)
Resumé This thesis concerns itself with legal position and operation of The Federation of Jewish Communities in Czech Republic. It brings the perspective on fundamental legal regulations which form a base for operation of The Federation of Jewish Communities and which the Federation is obliged to conform to. The thesis also includes historical insight and cultural background of Jewish religion and its relevant particularities. The aim of my thesis was to put the operation and standing of The Federation of Jewish Communities into Czech legal framework, to describe a specific linkage of legal regulations with religious practice and Jewish religious observances and to use real-life examples to demonstrate the impact and reflection of legal regulations in life of members of Jewish communities and associated organizations. This thesis is divided into four chapters (apart from Preamble and Conclusion), most of which is then further divided into subchapters and other sections. First chapter concerns itself with general definition of religious freedom in the context of Czech legal system, with basic overview of legal sources of Czech state ecclesiastical law and with assessment of Federation's position in the context of Legal Act Nr. 3/2002 Coll. on freedom of religious confession and the position of churches and...
Legal status of diocesan vicariate and parish councils in Roman-Catholic dioceses in Czech Lands
Nejdl, Oldřich ; Horák, Záboj (advisor) ; Tretera, Jiří Rajmund (referee)
A superior in the Catholic Church at times needs the consent or counsel of certain consultative body in order to place a juridic act validly. Legal status of such colleges or groups of persons is regulated by the Code of Canon Law (CIC/1983) and by the statutes approved by the diocesan bishops. This thesis inquires into legal status of the consultative bodies in Roman Catholic diocesis, vicariates and parishes in Czech Lands. Within the diocese the presbyteral council, the college of consultors and the diocesan finance council are required, establishment of the diocesan pastoral council is optional. Mission of the presbyteral council is to assist the diocesan bishop in the governance of the diocese to promote as much as possible the pastoral good of the portion of the people of God entrusted to him. The diocesan bishop is to hear it in affairs of greater importance. Consultation of the presbyteral council is compulsory for example in case of establishment, or supression of parishes, decision to build new church or relegation of a church to profane use. The diocesan bishop needs the consent of the college of consultors especially to place acts of extraordinary administration or to alienate some goods. If the see is impeded, the college is to elect a diocesan administrator. The diocesan finance...
The Development of Concordat Law between 1964 and 2013
Gazárek, Jakub ; Tretera, Jiří Rajmund (advisor) ; Horák, Záboj (referee)
The development of concordatarian law from the year 1964 onward The goal of this thesis is the analysis and comparisson of concordatarian law in few select countries. This thesis is mainly focused on the countries of Central Europe (Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Republic of Poland, Federal Republic of Germany). In order to expand the scope of this thesis, two other countries were chosen. The first one is the Kingdom of Spain, which represents a unique example of a gradual change between the so called traditional concordatarian system and the new and modern system developed after the conclusion of the Second Vatican Council. The second country, that was chosen is the Republic of Colombia as a non-European country with long and interesting history of concordatarian tradition. The thesis itself is divided into two main parts. The first part (composed of the first two chapters) aims to define the basic terms, which are used throughout the entire thesis. Such basic terms as concordat, the subjects of concordatarian agreements, the Holy See and others are defined in the first chapter. Also the international legal personality of the Holy See and its historical development is examined in the same chapter as well. The Second Vatican Council and its teachings had a profound impact on the concordatarian...
Reception of Western law into the Japanese constitutional system
Mešková, Martina ; Tomášek, Michal (advisor) ; Tretera, Jiří Rajmund (referee)
The purpose of this thesis is to show the influences of the European and Anglo-American law, also called "western law", on the Japanese constitutional system. Even though the theme is rich and interesting, there is a lack of written works in Czech language on this topic, so I decided to produce a work that could offer an overview and serve as a guide to this subject. The thesis combines topics of constitutional law and legal history, while taking note of current circumstances as well. The thesis is divided into two chapters. First chapter examines The Constitution of the Empire of Japan, also known as Meiji constitution, the second chapter explores The Constitution of Japan, the postwar constitution from 1946. These chapters are further divided into smaller parts. First parts of both chapters deal with historical circumstances in Japan that resulted in the adoption of the constitutions, and the dramatic changes in political situation that called for new constitutional documents - be it the fall of the shogunate and unequal treaties in the case of Meiji constitution or Japan losing in the Second World War in the case of the postwar constitution from 1946. Second parts analyze the content of the constitutions and point out sections with western inspiration, or incongruities between the inspirations,...
Legal position and administration of Roman-Catholic parishes, parish communities of the Czechoslovak Protestant Church and religious communities of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church
Smolík, Viktor ; Tretera, Jiří Rajmund (advisor) ; Horák, Záboj (referee)
This thesis is about the legal position and administration of the elementary institutions of three churches in the Czech Republic. These churches are significant in the Czech Christian churches and they are based on other system of administration. The aim of this thesis is to make comparison of this three systems. The thesis is composed of five chapters, each of them dealing with different church. Chapter one introduced to the problem and it presents all churches. Chapter two is about parishes of Catholic Church, which is controled by a episcopal papal system of administration. In the Czech Republic is the most dominant Roman branch of church. The thesis react with this fact and the first part is mostly about this branch, only one chapter is about the other branches of this church. This chapter consists of eight parts. The first part is about the legal position of parishes, second part is about establishment, termination and change of parishes. The third and fourth parts are about the position of priests (third part is about parish priests, fourth part is about other priests in the parish) and the fifth part is about councils in the parish. Sixth part of this chapter describes the administration of property. Seventh part introduces to other legal persons and the last part introduces to the system...
Declaration of nullity of marriage due to defective consent to marriage under CIC/1983
Magda, Juraj ; Tretera, Jiří Rajmund (advisor) ; Horák, Záboj (referee)
The The Diploma Thesis deals with the institute of Catholic marriage, also called matrimony, and aims to provide detailed analyses on nullity of matrimony due to invalidity of matrimonial consent and its declaration. Firstly, the Thesis states a definition of matrimony with respect to Sacrament of Marriage being governed by the divine law, the canonical law, and, in regards to certain effects, the civil law. Pursuant to Code of Canon Law [CIC], 1983, canon 1055, §1, the matrimonial covenant, by which a man and a woman establish between themselves a communion of the whole life, is by its nature ordered toward the good of the spouses and procreation and education of offspring. Hence, marriage is a contract by which a man and a woman become irrevocably united, the Code of Canonic Law set up essential properties of marriage obligationes matrimonii essentialis, which are not to be excluded by either contractants. The Thesis further provides commentary on the grounds for the invalidity of the matrimonial consent, by descripting the reasons for nullity of matrimony which are defined by the Code of Canon Law, and can be grouped under these main causes: serious mental incapacity, incapacity to assume obligations, ignorance, error of person,simple error, fraud, simulation, conditional marriage, force and...

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