National Repository of Grey Literature 78 records found  beginprevious69 - 78  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Gross domestic product as a welfare index : beyond GDP
Baletka, Martin ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ščasný, Milan (referee)
This thesis demonstrates that the gross domestic product, invented to measure market economic activity is often wrongly re-interpreted as welfare of well-being index. Further, it describes the on-going discussion about possible replacement of the gross domestic product as it does not reflect future needs. The thesis is not intended to invent new measure, but rather to describe and sum up the most interesting ideas and think-tanks around the world to provoke further discussion on the topic. Additionally, selected alternative indices are introduced and compared to the gross domestic product. And last but not least, selected alternative approaches like subjective well-being and gross national happiness are present.
Water quality valuation (case study of Máchovo jezero)
Škopková, Hana ; Ščasný, Milan (advisor) ; Kameníček, Jiří (referee)
This thesis estimates the benefits of water quality improvement on Macha Lake using the contingent valuation method. The aim of this thesis is to show the main problems related to the application of the contingent valuation method in general and in the Czech Republic. First, the methodology of contingent valuation is described in detail. Since the case study on Macha Lake deals with the valuation of improvement of eutrophicated water body, the main issues regarding the water quality are discussed with a special focus on the problem of euthrophication. Following part summarizes selected attitudes towards the application of contingent valuation method on freshwater quality in foreign countries. It focuses on studies that value similar hypothetical product as the survey on Macha Lake. Main differences are identified in the attitudes towards the definition of the good to be valued. Based on this summary the survey on Macha Lake is assessed critically. The aim of this survey is to estimate the benefits that the improvement of water quality on Macha Lake presents for the local households. This change is defined as an improvement in water quality by one and by two classes on five-class water quality scale. The structure and organisation of the survey is introduced as well as its parts, outlining the solution of...
Reaction of household energy demand to improvements in energy efficiency : What about the rebound effect?
Rubínová, Stela ; Mikolášek, Jakub (referee) ; Ščasný, Milan (advisor)
Energy efficiency improvements have become a major hope for decoupling the energy demand from economic growth and for achieving environmental goals. Nevertheless, effectiveness of policies based on promoting energy efficiency may be undermined by behavioral responses. More efficiently produced energy service becomes cheaper and economic theory then suggests that consumers should demand more of it, which will cause a loss of the potential technological saving. The phenomenon is called the rebound effect and it has become a focus of energy economists since early 80s. However, even today there is no clear consensus on its importance. Quantification of the rebound effect is mainly hampered by poor data availability and the comparison of results is not straightforward due to methodological differences. Our thesis concentrates right on the economic theory of the demand for energy services, definitions and methodology of its estimation. It provides a comprehensive overview of what was done in the domain and suggests which methodological approaches correspond the most to the economic theory.
Combining carbon sequestration and biodiversity conservation : possible way to protect rain forests
Baďura, Tomáš ; Ščasný, Milan (referee) ; Melichar, Jan (advisor)
Despite the fact that forests and rain forests in particular are known for being a source of various goods and services tropical deforestation, mostly happening in developing countries, is still way over the sustainable rate. Nevertheless, due to the massive potential in reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and its importance in biodiversity conservation, rain forest are increasingly expected to play an important role in both conservation and climate change mitigation activities. Moreover, it might be possible to combine both these ecosystems services together in a synergistic way which would benefit each other. This paper will examine these issues, especially from the biodiversity conservation perspective.
Enviromental Justice
Kryl, Martin ; Ščasný, Milan (advisor) ; Čábelková, Inna (referee)
The thesis addresses possible approaches to measurement of inequality in environmental goods and bads. The first part, focused on concepts of environmental equality and environmental justice, concludes that both terms are often used interchangeably and both lack clear and widely accepted definition. The paper also presents main areas research derived from the concepts above. The second part of the paper is dedicated to discussion of main inequality indicators (Gini; Theil and other indices based on information theory; Dalton and Atkinson indices) and their differences. Last part of the thesis applies the theory on data from survey of household living condition (SILC) for 2005 and 2008. The results show very even distribution of households satisfied with the cleanness and noise levels of their neighborhoods amongst all income groups. The study also concludes that from 2005 to 2008 there was a statistically significant increase of households satisfied in both of these areas.
Hybrid Model for Regulating Carbon
Ashrafullina, Ksenia ; Hrubý, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Ščasný, Milan (referee)
The objective of this dissertation is to review the instruments used to reduce carbon emissions, discuss the emission trading introduced by the European Emission Trading System and tentatively suggest further improvements. We shall look at carbon emissions as a negative externality and explore the theoretical foundations of carbon taxation and cap-and-trade systems as well as their possible interactions, conflicts and synergies. We shall also look at the risks associated with using carbon regulation in the ELI, mainly carbon leakage and lack of international compliance with regulatory mechanisms, especially in the developing countries. On a practical side, we shall focus on the structure and performance of the carbon reduction policies during the three phases - NAP1, NAP2 and NAP3, paying close attention to free allocation and auctioning. Finally we shall discuss risk-reduction methods, focusing on a potential hybrid model combining both cap-and-trade and taxation with a percentage of the revenues redistributed to the developing world to stimulate climate change agenda.
Emission trading: evaluation of the European experience
Řízková, Markéta ; Ščasný, Milan (advisor) ; Urban, Luděk (referee)
Our aim is to show complex picture and highlight the most discussed features of the emission trading and especially the functioning of the European System of Emission Trading (EU ETS) as a representative of the biggest functioning emission trading system. The key approaches involved in our analysis are both theoretical and practical. In the theoretical section we compare emission trading and environmental taxes and we discuss when it is better to regulate by price and when by quantity instruments. We will discuss the possible allocation methods and especially method of auctioning as the most theoretically preferred allocation method. The practical approach will tackle following two aspects: how the emission allowances have been allocated within the EU ETS in Phase 1 and Phase 2 and what the planned changes are in post 2012. Finally, we will look at the results of allocation versus emission during the first trading period in years 2005-2007 and how it might look in the future in Phase 2 and beyond..
Run on the organic food: Research in sample of prague inhibitants
Nevečeřalová, Iva ; Ščasný, Milan (advisor) ; Pospíšilová, Tereza (referee)
This diploma thesis is concerned with different aspects of organic food demand in the Czech Republic. Five main goals were set in this work: 1) briefly describe the history and the current estate of the organic farming and the organic market in the Czech republic and in the European union 2) with the help of quantitative research analyze people's awareness of organic food 3) analyze key motives for buying organic products and barriers to a greater demand for organic food 4) analyze the willingness to pay for organic products 5) uncover some relations between socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents and their buying of organic food. The thesis is organized as follows. In the first chapter we describe the main principles of organic farming. Also, we briefly described the rise, the progress and the current estate of organic farming in the Czech Republic and in the European Union. Discussed in this chapter is also the link between the organic farming and the concept sustainable development. In the second chapter, we discuss the current estate of the organic market in the Czech republic and in the European union using available macro-data. The third, final, chapter presents some results of a survey of organic-food demand conducted in Spring 2006 using a small, yet representative, sample (N =200) of...
Comparison of coherent demand systems: The case of meat demand in the Czech Republic
Dlasková, Karolína ; Ščasný, Milan (advisor) ; Mikolášek, Jakub (referee)
There are many models used to estimate demand elasticities. We present a complex review of these studies in our thesis. Our empirical goal is to compare LES, Translog and QUAIDS demand systems according to their performance. In parallel, we estimate the elasticities of meat demand in the Czech Republic for the period 2010 - 2015 using the data of the household budget survey. Comparing the systems by the Akaike and Schwarz criterion, LES demonstrates the best fit for this kind of data. The average of price elasticity for different kinds of meat in the examined period is -0.99, income elasticity then equals to 1.12. These results can have important implications for tax policy, or for commercial use. JEL Classification F12, F21, F23, H25, H71, H87 Keywords Demand, comparison, LES, Translog, QUAIDS, meat Author's e-mail Supervisor's e-mail
Are Sharks Worth More Alive Than Dead? A Stated Preference Study on Shark Ecotourism in Costa Rica.
Berrios, Alicia Maria ; Ščasný, Milan (advisor) ; Červinka, Michal (referee)
i Charles University Faculty of Social Sciences Institute of Economic Studies MASTER'S THESIS Are Sharks Worth More Alive Than Dead? A Stated Preference Study on Shark Ecotourism in Costa Rica. Author: Bc. Alicia Maria Berrios Supervisor: Mgr. Milan Ščasný PhD. Academic Year: 2016/2017 ii Declaration of Authorship The author hereby declares that he compiled this thesis independently; using only the listed resources and literature, and the thesis has not been used to obtain a different or the same degree. The author grants to Charles University permission to reproduce and to distribute copies of this thesis document in whole or in part. Prague, January 01st , 2017 Signature iii Acknowledgments With boundless appreciation, I would like to extend my gratitude to Mgr. Milan Ščasný PhD., for his incredible support in writing this research. He spent a countless number of hours on this thesis work, and ultimately, this research wouldn't have been possible without him. I would also like to express my gratitude to Carlos Avila, for his generosity in helping me conduct the in-person interviews. I would also like to express my gratitude to Prof. Melville Saayman, who helped tremendously in the experimental design of this work. Thank you to Mgr. Martin Kryl for programming the survey instrument. Lastly, I would like to...

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