
Summary of the LiquidGas Ejector Hydraulic Behavior  Theory and Practice
Gebouský, Ondřej ; Haidl, Jan
Liquidgas ejectors (LGEs) are fascinating devices that use the kinetic energy of the liquid jet to entrain and eventually compress the gas. LGEs find applications in both industry and everyday life, e.g., as sprayers. However, a complex and reliable method for LGE design was not available in the open literature until recently. This contribution follows up on our recent works about the hydraulic behavior of LGE with undisturbed and destabilized liquid jets. This paper aims to summarize the device’s complicated hydraulics and characterize its optimal design for three industrially relevant applications  (a) LGE as the vacuum pump, (b) LGE as the gas purification equipment, and (c) LGE as the gas distributor for bioreactors.


On Reynoldsaveraged turbulence modeling with immersed boundary method
Kubíčková, Lucie ; Isoz, Martin
The immersed boundary (IB) method is an approach in the computational fluid dynamics in which complex geometry conforming meshes are replaced by simple ones and the true simulated geometry is projected onto the simple mesh by a scalar field and adjustment of governing equations. Such an approach is particularly advantageous in topology optimizations (TO) where it allows for substantial speedup since a single mesh can be used for all the tested topologies. In our previous work, we linked our custom IB variant, the hybrid fictitious domainimmersed boundary method (HFDIB), with a TO framework and successfully carried out an optimization under laminar flow conditions. However, to allow for optimizations of reallife components, the IB approach needs to be coupled with an affordable turbulence modeling. In this contribution, we focus on extending the HFDIB approach by the possibility to perform Reynoldsaveraged simulations (RAS). In particular, we implemented the k − ω turbulence model and wall functions for closure variables and velocity.


Model order reduction for particleladen flows: systems with rotations and discrete transport operators
Kovárnová, A. ; Isoz, Martin
In the present work, we concentrate on particleladen flows as an example of industryrelevant transportdominated systems. Our previouslydeveloped framework for datadriven model order reduction (MOR) of such systems, the shifted proper orthogonal decomposition with interpolation via artificial neural networks, is further extended by improving the handling of general transport operators. First, even with intrusive MOR approaches, the underlying numerical solvers can provide only discrete realizations of transports linked to the movement of individual particles in the system. On the other hand, our MOR methodology requires continuous transport operators. Thus, the original framework was extended by the possibility to reconstruct continuous approximations of known discrete transports via another artificial neural network. Second, the treatment of rotationcomprising transports was significantly improved.


Mixing characteristics of a magnetically driven Rushton turbine in an unbaffled stirred tank reactor
Idžakovičová, Kristýna ; Haidl, Jan ; Gebouský, Ondřej ; Isoz, Martin
The standard and wellresearched stirred vessel configuration comprises a tank equipped with one or more impellers positioned in the vessel’s axis and multiple wallmounted baffles preventing the central vortex creation. However, particular industries, such as biotechnology, have an increased need for a sterile environment that often results in the usage of atypical stirred vessel configurations. An example of a commonly equipped atypical stirred vessel is an unbaffled stirred tank with an eccentric magnetically driven impeller. However, there is only a little knowledge about the mixing characteristics of such designs. In this work, we list experimental results for both the standard and atypical stirred vessel configurations. Furthermore, we present a CFD model of the atypical configuration. The model is used to calculate its mixing characteristics that are subsequently compared against our experimental results. It is shown that for the liquid height (H) to the vessel diameter (T) ratio H/T ≲ 1.2, the characteristics of both the standard and atypical designs coincide. For higher liquid heights (i) the characteristics of the atypical design decrease dramatically, and (ii) the characteristics estimates based on approaches developed for the standard configuration become unreliable.


Simulation of heterogeneouslycatalyzed nonisothermal reactive flow in industrial packed beds
Hlavatý, Tomáš ; Isoz, Martin ; Khýr, M.
Packed bed reactors are the most frequently used devices to perform heterogeneously catalyzed reactions on industrial scales. An industrial reallife heterogeneous catalysis is complex process that combines fully threedimensional mass, momentum and energy transport on several scales. In the present work, we leverage our previously developed CFD solver for nonisothermal heterogeneously catalyzed reactive flow based on the finite volume method and couple it with our\ninhouse DEMbased method for preparation of random packed beds. The resulting framework is verified in the simplified cases against available analytical solutions and correlations and is used to study an industriallyrelevant case of ethylene oxychlorination performed in a tubular packed bed comprising CuCl2coated catalyst carrying particles. In particular, we compare properties of three different industrially used catalyst carrying particles: Raschig rings, Reformax, and Wagon wheels
Plný tet: HTM


On the development of a numerical model for the simulation of air flow in the human airways
Lancmanová, Anna ; Bodnár, Tomáš ; Sequeira, A.
This contribution reports on an ongoing study focusing on reduced order models for incompressible viscous fluid flow in two dimensional channels. A finite difference solver was developed using a simple implementation of the immersed boundary method to represent the channel geometry. The solver was validated for unsteady flow by comparing the obtained twodimensional numerical solutions with analytical profiles computed from the Womersley solution. Finally the 2D model was coupled to a simple 1D extension simulating the flow in axisymmetric elastic vessel (tube). Some of the coupling principles and implementation issues are discussed in detail.

 

Hidden symmetry in turbulence and analytic study of shell models
Caggio, Matteo
This short communication concerns symmetries in developed turbulence and analytic study of shell models. However scaleinvariance is broken due to the intermittency phenomenon, is possible to established a hidden selfsimilarity in turbulent flows. Using a shell model, the author in [18] (see also [19]) addressed the problem deriving a scaling symmetry for the inviscid equations. Here, first we discuss the analysis presented in [18], then, from the mathematical perspective, we propose an analytic study for the shell model with the presence of the viscous terms. This brief paper should be understood as an introductory note to this new scaling symmetry with implications for mathematical analysis [5].

 

Annular Impinging Jets and an Active Control of Hysteretic Effects
Devani, Yogendrasasidhar ; Antošová, Zuzana ; Trávníček, Zdeněk
An annular impinging air jet with and without flow control was studied experimentally using measurements of the wall pressure and flow velocity by the Pitot probe. To investigate flow control swirling effects, eight synthetic jets were generated from the nozzle center body. The experiments cover Reynolds numbers 4000–10,000 (evaluated from the outer exit diameter of the annular nozzle). For Re<9000, the bistability and hysteresis were identified and two different flow field patterns (A, B) were found under the same boundary conditions. For higher Re>9000, the hysteresis were not found.
