National Repository of Grey Literature 77 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Metallography of stainless steels
Hasoňová, Michaela ; Kalina, Lukáš (referee) ; Zmrzlý, Martin (advisor)
This thesis deals with metallography of stainless steels. At the beginning of theoretical part the history of metallography is shortly summarized. Then the basic knowledge about metallography, ways and methods of preparing samples for subsequent analysis of structure are resumed. There are also summarized methods for examining the macrostructure and microstructure of materials with a particular focus on stainless steels. The literary-search section summarizes recent advances in the study of the structure of materials using methods of metallography. The task of the study was to find suitable composition of etchant to reveal the structure of stainless steels in order to achieve high quality and especially reproducible results.
Reactivity and controll of properties of metallic materials
Tkacz, Jakub ; Šoukal, František (referee) ; Zmrzlý, Martin (advisor)
This thesis is focused on corrosion protection of magnesium alloys AZ 91. Very important is material corrosion in some environments and last but not least surface treatment as grinding, polishing and etching. Theoretical part of this thesis is about magnesium and magnesium alloy. It focuses on properties, in order to determine the best procedure for corrosion protection. It characterize material corrosion- for example corrosion in special environment (atmosphere, water, etc.) or elektrolyte corrosion. Big part of theoretical part is focused on electrochemistry, in particular kinetic aspects (Tafel diagrams, corrosion current, etc.) and potentiostatic testing, where are observed properties of material in relation to potential: corrosion potential Ecorr, brakedown potential Ebd and repassivation potential Erp. This work present preparing, utilization and positive or negative aspects of corrosion protection. Metallography is important too since metallographical preparation is crucial for the research on the material. Described metallography procedures are mounting, grinding, polishing, etching and interpretation. Experimental part of this thesis is in particular about corrosion properties of magnesium alloy AZ 91. It focuses on calculation of corrosion rate in defferent environments. Principle is mass defekt of the alloy. The environments are: destilled water, hot service water and 3% NaCl solution (like sea water). Last but not least are important. procedure manipulation with materials. Very important are choice and composition of solutions, etching time, choice of polishing cloth, lubricant solution and good pressure. Beacuse of this aspects can be show corrosion action of environments on magnesium alloy AZ 91 by photographies.
Corrosion resistance of aluminum alloys
Kouba, Jan ; Pacal,, Bohumil (referee) ; Zmrzlý, Martin (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with cerium-based conversion coatings for aluminium alloys. At first the mechanism of protection of metals by inhibitory substances is described in the theoretical section. The next chapter is devoted to application of lanthanide salts as cathodic corrosion inhibitors. Then the characterization of alloy AA 2024 follows. The main part is dedicated to the growth mechanism of the cerium-based mixed conversion coating on the alloy AA 2024. Finally, the factors affecting the character and the quality of obtained coatings are commented. In the experimental part an influence of the thermal activation together with the activation by a hydrogen peroxide was observed. The created film was characterized using SEM and EDS. The level of corrosion protection was evaluated by the polarization resistance measurement. erized using SEM and EDS. The level of corrosion protection was evaluated by the polarization resistance measurement.
Conversion coatings and their characterisation
Březina, Matěj ; Doležal, Pavel (referee) ; Zmrzlý, Martin (advisor)
Aim of this study is to improve corrosion resistance of magnesium alloy AZ91 by conversion coatings. Influence of alloy microstructure on conversion coating growth and corrosion resistance was evaluated. Properties of pure magnesium and magnesium alloy AZ91 as well as the influence of alloying elements on properties of this alloy are described in theoretical part. Recent results of corrosion protection by conversion coatings on AZ type magnesium alloys are summarised in recherché part. Practical part focuses on preparation of hexavalent chromium based conversion coating and phosphate-permanganate based conversion coating on as cast AZ91 magnesium alloy, these coatings were subsequently applied on annealed AZ91 magnesium alloy. Corrosion protection of the coatings prepared on as cast and annealed alloy was evaluated by potentiodynamic measurements and testing in neutral salt spray. Furthermore the influence of plasma activation on phosphate-permanganate coating surface was studied.
Molecular modelling - Structure and Properties of carbene-based catalyst
Kulovaná, Eva ; Zmrzlý, Martin (referee) ; Richtera, Lukáš (advisor)
Molekulové modelování umožňuje předpovídat chování nových látek a napomáhá při jinak obtížné interpretaci experimentálních dat. Záměrem našeho studia byla predikce vybraných vlastností polymeračních katalyzátorů na bázi karbenů, predikce jejich struktur a spektrálních charakteristik. K ověření chování karbenů a jejich prekurzorů ve formě chloridů byly studovány vybrané charakteristiky molekuly. Byla provedena vizualizace vybraných molekulových orbitalů a map elektrostatických potenciálů a elektronových hustot. Následně pomocí počítačových programů byly získány teoretické vazebné délky a úhly vybraných imidazolových a imidazolinových sloučenin a z nich připravených karbenů. Data strukturně podobných, již charakterizovaných sloučenin, byla získána z CCDC (Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre) a následně konfrontována s námi vypočítanými daty. Byla změřena infračervená (IČ) a Ramanova spektra imidazolové soli a IČ spektrum příslušného karbenu. Tato spektra byla konfrontována s napredikovanými.
Passivation of magnesium alloys
Tkacz, Jakub ; Frank, Vítězslav (referee) ; Zmrzlý, Martin (advisor)
Review of magnesium alloys, review of metallopgraphy techniques. Optimisation of metalllography etching of magnesium alloys
Interaction of Lanthanide trichlorides with the construction materials of a purification apparatus
Novotný, Radoslav ; Zmrzlý, Martin (referee) ; Richtera, Lukáš (advisor)
Lanthanide halides LnX3 are the base material for preparation a different compounds, but also the pure metals. Our faculty is used for the syntesis organometallic catalyst. This compounds are very sensitive to the presence of moisture and oxygen. Lanthanide halides are commercially available in anhydrous or hydrated form. This thesis is devided eight chapters and deals with matherial of the apparatus, which is designed to sublimation of anhydrous lanthanide halides. Initial chapters described the properties and preparation this substances. Following are on the sublimation and corrosion materials. In the last chapter is the skeleton sketch, layout and a availability parts of construction. The aim of this work was to create theoretical basis of construction aparatus and commissioning.
Pollutants in laboratory waste waters
Červenka, Jiří ; Zmrzlý, Martin (referee) ; Sponar, Jan (advisor)
Mercury is a very consequential pollutant. It´s contained in all components of environment. Analysis of mercury is very demanding. Since mercury is ranked among dangerous chemicals, its quantity is limited and checked not only in environment. The aim of this thesis was to determine concentration of mercury in water from labs and in influent and effluent water from neutralization station of Brno university of Technology, Faculty of Chemistry. Water from neutralization is also mixed with sewage. Advanced mercury spectrometer AMA 254 was used or analysis. Results confirmed, that water flows out from lab to neutralization with relatively high concentration of mercury, highly exceeding limits of drainline. Water from neutralizing station also doesn´t show so high concentration of mercury, because it is mixed with waters from other labs and pH of water is amended. Special waste bottles for liquid waste with risk elements and dangerous compounds are available; from results can be decided, that not everybody follows the rules and some people might pour the waste right in to the sink. Resolution could have been safer acquisitions in labs. Students, who manipulate with dangerous chemicals should be alive to risk, which threatens with pouring into the sink, contamination and dangerous for all components of environment.
Reactivity and controll of properties of metallic materials
Ševčíková, Barbora ; Opravil, Tomáš (referee) ; Zmrzlý, Martin (advisor)
The main objective of the bachelor thesis is to investigate the reactivity and corrosion of materials, namely of magnesium alloys. The theoretical part comprises a brief summary of the existing knowledge on magnesium alloys in the field of metal corrosion and a description of essential properties of the examined and utilized material. These are followed by the protection technology and a material resistance analysis including the specification of the processes applied in the experimental part. The thesis is focused on a comparison of the microstructure and corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys AZ31, AZ61 and AZ91. The applied methodology lied on metallography preparation of light optical micrographs of the surface-region cross-sections and on corrosion tests. These were carried out in 3% sodium chloride solution where the samples were immersed for the period of 8 hours.
Nickel coatings and their properties
Buchtík, Martin ; Tkacz, Jakub (referee) ; Zmrzlý, Martin (advisor)
The aim of the bachelor’s thesis was summary of existing knowledge concerning to electroless deposition of nickel coatings and their properties. In the theoretical part there are two chapters. In the first chapter present knowledge of chemical nickel plating is described in details. It also discuss mechanisms of this type of coating and individual components of nickel plating bath. In the second chapter there is summarized knowledge of composite coatings deposition and description of their mechanical properties. The experimental part deals with deposition of composite coatings on steel substrates and heat treatment of Ni-P coatings. Dependence of microhardness on temperature of heat treatment was studied and then there is also described dependence of microhardness on duration of heat treatment. Deposited coatings, their morphology and composition were studied using scanning electron microscope and EDS analysis. The values of microhardness of both types of coatings were measured and compared using microhardness tester.

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