National Repository of Grey Literature 73 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Surviving the Good Life: Cruel Optimism of the American Dream in Modern American Drama
Shakurova, Daria ; Wallace, Clare (advisor) ; Pilný, Ondřej (referee)
1 Summary Since the end of the Second World War, the United States has witnessed attrition of the American Dream. However, despite a significant decrease in available opportunities, fantasies of the good life, traditionally associated with the Dream, continue to dominate the public imagination even now. The thesis explores this paradox through the conceptual framework introduced by Lauren Berlant in her 2011 cultural study Cruel Optimism. Like fellow affect theorists, Berlant holds the belief that collectively shared affective responses organize historical periods. "Cruel optimism", according to her, is one of those responses that shape the present in post-war neoliberal societies: when a crisis becomes a part of everyday reality, people tend to maintain an attachment to dysfunctional, or even threatening, conventions in order to preserve at least some possibility of "normal" existence. While Berlant looks for exemplary cases of that mostly in fiction and film, the thesis proposes modern American drama as another prolific source. After the war, playwrights turned to the individual as a "citizen", dedicating more attention to the way psychology and personal choices play the role in larger social and political issues. This general tendency makes it appropriate to look for a recurrent scenario, featuring...
Far from Peace: The Images of Space and Domesticity in the Poetry of Medbh McGuckian and Leontia Flynn
Nováková, Lucie ; Theinová, Daniela (advisor) ; Wallace, Clare (referee)
1 ABSTRACT Key words: Northern Irish poetry, Leontia Flynn, Medbh McGuckian, domesticity, domestic space, the Troubles, post-Agreement poetry The aim of the thesis is to observe the Northern Irish conflict from the vantage point of domestic space as it is reflected in Northern-Irish poetry of the last 40 years. The thesis builds on the notion that houses and homes are not simply private places but images of the outside world. To illustrate this premise, the works of two Northern Irish poets have been selected: Medbh McGuckian and Leontia Flynn. Divided by time, but not space, their poetry is to be placed into the context of Northern Irish poetry during the Troubles and the post-Agreement period. McGuckian's poetry is engaged with making a sense of the distinction between public and private spheres (Wills 1993), whereas Flynn's poetry, and post-Agreement poetry in general, shows signs of attempts to discover and establish her place within the context of the Troubles. In formulating her stance, Flynn relies on a perspective gained by leaving home and memories of growing up during the Troubles behind and travelling abroad (Heidemann 2016). Both poets write about the Troubles in light of the division between private and public spheres, thus illustrating how the violent politics have been part of Northern Irish...
Comic Elements in the Post-Conflict Dramatic Representation of the Troubles in Northern Ireland
Zdraveska, Marija ; Pilný, Ondřej (advisor) ; Wallace, Clare (referee)
The purpose of this MA thesis is to analyse the function of the comic elements in several post-conflict Northern Irish plays that deal with the legacy of the Troubles. This thesis stems from the hypothesis that the approach towards the armed conflict has changed during the 20 years of peace and has allowed playwrights to offer comical perspectives that not only critically engage with the issue, but at the same time help both sides of the conflict deal with the remaining trauma caused by it. The thesis provides a close reading of four Northern Irish plays which have achieved a considerable critical acclaim. The four plays chosen for the purpose of this MA thesis are: Tim Loane's comedies Caught Red Handed (2002), produced by the Tinderbox Theatre Company, and first performed in 2002 as a site-specific piece at the Northern Bank Building in Belfast; To Be Sure (2007), also written by Tim Loane, which premiered at the Lyric Theatre in Belfast five years later;1 The History of the Troubles (accordin' to my Da) (2002), a collaboration between the playwright Martin Lynch and the comedians Connor Grimes and Alan McKee, first performed at the Northern Bank as a commission by the Cathedral Quarter Arts Festival; and David Ireland's Cyprus Avenue (2016), which premiered the Abbey Theatre in 2016. The choice...
Morality and Responsibility in the "Non-Irish" Works of Martin McDonagh
Doleček, Jan ; Pilný, Ondřej (advisor) ; Wallace, Clare (referee)
Martin McDonagh is considered to be one of the chief contemporary Irish-British playwrights, who also became an accomplished and universally acclaimed screenwriter and director of films. This BA thesis aims to explore the ethical side of his work, focusing on the "non-Irish" plays and films: namely on the plays The Pillowman (2003), Behanding in Spokane (2010) and Hangmen (2015) and on the films In Bruges (2008), Seven Psychopaths (2012) and Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri (2017). In all of the aforementioned, McDonagh focuses on diverse ethical issues such as responsibility, justice, violence, racial prejudice, redemption and other themes. The way McDonagh approaches these ethical issues is mainly through his masterfully crafted characters. Most of them have distinguishable individual moralities or moral codes and it is therefore chiefly the analysis of these characters that provides comment on ethics. Given the subjectivism expressed in the work, it becomes apparent that McDonagh's oeuvre inclines toward moral relativism, although McDonagh himself rejects ascribing to any established theory (this suggest rather a post-modern approach to ethics). Another important aspect that is also be discussed in the thesis is McDonagh's implicit challenging the audience/reader, who are encouraged to...
The Functions of Storytelling in Modern American Drama: Mapping human consciousness
Bălan, Daniela Andreea ; Wallace, Clare (advisor) ; Pilný, Ondřej (referee)
1 Thesis Abstract The present thesis explores six plays written by three (post)modern American playwrights - David Mamet's Sexual Perversity in Chicago and Oleanna, Sam Shepard's Buried Child and True West, and Suzan-Lori Parksʼ The America Play and Topdog/Underdog in order to define and analyze the functions of performative storytelling in the dramatic texts as well as its effects on the characters' identity. In Reading Narrative, J. Hillis Miller analyzes performative storytelling as a human shaped process that people use in order to translate events into meaning and meaning into shared information. Moreover, in Narrative as Performance, Marie Maclean demonstrates the importance of this device in recalibrating human memory and communication and in enriching the traditional mimetic process used in theatre. These ideas are closely followed in the aforementioned American plays through the lenses of the most prominent themes of the end of the twentieth century American theatre. Each of the three American writers uses performative storytelling to delineate socio-political themes. David Mamet comments on the artificiality of the American self, Sam Shepard speaks about the importance of familial past and relationships, whereas Suzan-Lori Parks describes the impact of major national narratives on the...
The Madness of Adaptation: Analysis of Film Adaptations of Alan Bennett's The Madness of George III and The History Boys
Moravec, Jaromír ; Pilný, Ondřej (advisor) ; Wallace, Clare (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on adaptation processes present in the transfer of Alan Bennett's plays The Madness of George III and The History Boys from stage to film. The former was considered a mediocre play but its film adaptation can be found on the British Film Institute's list of the country's greatest films while the latter is a critically acclaimed play but its adaptation received mixed reviews and is generally seen as inferior to the stage version. This thesis is to determine why did the two adaptation processes bear such different results despite the same creative team being responsible for both of them. Both processes are first analysed separately, with the analysis of the changes made to The Madness of George III is primarily focused on separate characters and aspects of the story while the changes present in the film version of The History Boys are primarily examined chronologically as the play's first and second half were adapted differently for the screen. After the analysis, both processes are compared. The analysed changes made to The Madness of King George contain a largely condensed and efficient opening, the King, who is cemented as an active protagonist, Capt. Greville, a minor character used to highlight a theme of cold efficiency being favoured in court over empathy, the...
The Irish Prince: Irishness in the Works of Oscar Wilde
Krejčí, Štěpán ; Wallace, Clare (advisor) ; Pilný, Ondřej (referee)
Oscar Wilde's place - Wilde's short fiction, an early drama and poetry in criticism reveals, Wilde's Irishness is in his work more palpable than it might seem on Wilde's mother, the nationalist poet Speranza who Wilde's collections of fairy " " In the fourth chapter, Wilde's collection of " " discussed and Wilde's persona as Together with his Irishness, Wilde's Englishness is often and Englishness often serves as a "double" for Irishness - as Jerusha McCormack's as Richard Kearney's individual chapters such as Seamus Heaney's
Formal Experiments in Selected Plays by Tim Crouch
Kopečná, Alena ; Wallace, Clare (advisor) ; Pilný, Ondřej (referee)
Thesis Abstract The thesis provides an analysis of three plays - My Arm (2002), An Oak Tree (2005) and The Author (2009) - by Tim Crouch, one of the most prominent contemporary British theatre- makers. Particular attention is paid to Crouch's use of innovative dramaturgical methods in order to activate his audience. Despite its increasing popularity, audience participation has been a rather neglected area of theatre studies, therefore the thesis includes a brief overview of the discourse as well as an introduction of related concepts and movements, such as experimental theatre and In-Yer-Face theatre. The focal points of discussion are, among others, spectatorship, particularly the theory of The Emancipated Spectator (2008) as proposed by Jacques Rancière, and Émile Coué's concept of autosuggestion, both very prominent in all three plays. Essentially, the main focus of the work is on the specifics of Crouch's treatment of the audience and the methods, both theoretical and practical he utilises to achieve an activated audience while keeping the said participation meaningful. Crouch argues against using dramaturgical tools purely for their shock value and offers a vision of theatre where imagination and autosuggestion are significantly more impactful than elaborate props and overly realistically-looking...
Recitation, Reworking and Reference: Literary Allusions in the Plays of Eugene O'Neill
Horká, Natálie ; Wallace, Clare (advisor) ; Ulmanová, Hana (referee)
The aim of this BA thesis is to closely analyse the ways in which Eugene O'Neill embeds other texts from the literary canon in his work and how these references to other texts influence his plays. Mainly focusing on Long Day's Journey into Night, its sequel A Moon for the Misbegotten, Desire Under the Elms, and the trilogy Mourning Becomes Electra, the thesis explores O'Neill's work with intertextuality. Focusing on Long Day's Journey into Night and its sequel A Moon for the Misbegotten the thesis traces O'Neill's use of citation as a means of building characters and themes. O'Neill borrows quotes from canonical literary works to enhance his characters' expression. He utilizes intertextuality and literary allusions in order to create a very specific communication channel through which the characters express their minds. Especially in Long Day's Journey into Night the number of literary allusions is remarkable and raises the question of whether the quotations are a way of expressing the characters' identities or whether it is a vehicle that O'Neill uses to give the play a more universal and all-embracing feature. The thesis also contrasts these direct quotations with another notion of literary allusion present in O'Neill's work - his interpretation and repurposing of traditional dramatic themes...
Racism and New Dimensions of Projecting the Multicultural Experience in Contemporary British Drama
Hennawi, Chada ; Wallace, Clare (advisor) ; Nováková, Soňa (referee)
The thesis Racism and New Dimensions of Projecting the Multicultural Experience in Contemporary British Drama analyzes multiculturalism in contemporary Britain and questions its discursive boundaries through the works of some black and Asian contemporary playwrights such as Roy Williams, debbie tucker green and Tanika Gupta. The works of these playwrights articulate a set of experiences that reflects an image of the contemporary issues of bigotry and violence in Britain. Williams, Gupta and green present new approaches on the multicultural Britain concerning the issues of racism, discrimination and knife crime, shedding light on the cruelly racist world from the 'white and black' perspectives. Rethinking the questions of identity, Britishness, social agency and national affiliation from new proportions. The second chapter Roy Williams's Sing Yer Heart Out for the Lads (2002), Sucker Punch (2010) and The No Boys Cricket Club (1996). Williams stages sport in all its complexity as a rich ground for contemplating the issues of racism, belonging, nationalism and identity. He portrays an image of the conflict among the ethnic communities in a multicultural space, highlighting that conflict in its larger context. The third chapter discusses Tanika Gupta's White Boy (2008) and Sugar Mummies (2006). Both of...

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