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New cryoprotectives in preservation of potentially probiotic bacteria of Bifidobacterium genus using freeze-drying procedure
Vrabcová, Petra ; Killer, Jiří (advisor) ; Jakub, Jakub (referee)
The probiotic bacteria of the genus Bifidobacterium are especially used in the dairy and pharmaceutical industry. They are present in the form of viable cells in pro(syn)biotic fermented milk, dried and freeze-dried products for its positive effects on the health. Lyophilization represents one of the widely used methods for long-term preservation of bifidobacteria. The lyophilization process is challenging, but very needed, and for this reason it is still necessary to explore new cryo(lyo)protective substances, which protect the microbial cultures more effectively before the negative effects of cryopreservation and lyophilization. The aim of the thesis was to test the various mixtures of substances containing specific oligosaccharides, which have prebiotic properties, from the point of view of their potential cryo(lyo)protective effect of lyophilization process. For the purposes of the study, twelve bifidobacterial strains of human and animal origin were selected. As a potential cryo(lyo)protectives were used solutions on the basis of 5x concentrated TPY medium with addition of FOS, 10% fructooligosaccharides (FOS) and the solution on the basis of porcine gastric mucin. Number of viable cells was determined in lyophilisates enriched by the concrete solutions in the time intervals (30 days, 3 months and 6 months) after lyophilization and compared with the control lyophilized samples (fresh cultures without the additive solutions). The potential cryo(lyo)protective effectiveness of 5x concentrated TPY medium solution has been demonstrated only in B. boum, B. breve, B. longum subsp. infantis a Bombiscardovia coagulans, where decreased the number of viable cells about four orders of magnitude. The potential cryo(lyo)protective effectiveness in 10% FOS solution was found only in B. thermacidophilum subsp. porcinum and Bombiscardovia coagulans, where was found half the number of viable cells. The highest potential cryo(lyo)protective effectiveness was observed for a solution on the basis of porcine gastric mucin. The highest number of viable cells was demonstrated in B. animalis subsp. lactis, B. boum, B. longum subsp. infantis, B. longum subsp. longum, B. pseudolongum subsp. globosum and B. thermacidophilum subsp. porcinum lyophilisates using this potential cryo(lyo)protective solution.

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