National Repository of Grey Literature 16 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The rheological response to a history of knee joint loading
Prokešová, Michaela ; Otáhal, Stanislav (advisor) ; Jelen, Karel (referee) ; Vilímek, Miloslav (referee)
Title: The rheological response to a history of knee joint loading Aim: The purpose of this work is to illustrate the possibilities of rheological interpretation of passive resistance in the knee joint during simple forced movement of the knee flexion and extension in the sagittal plane. Methods: With the help of biorheometrical measurements, we identify the effect that a weight bearing history has on the actual rheological properties of the knee joint. The methods are based on an experiment carried out in vivo, passive momentum (resistance) of the knee joint during forced flexion and extension are measured and expressed as the specific rheological response of the knee joint. The dependence of passive momentum M on the angle of flexion φ is hereby characterized as the total rheological characteristic of passive forces on the whole knee and its surroundings. The graphical interpretation of the duration of the momentum force is named - biorheogram. Result: Results of experimental study presented in this dissertation distinctly shows that rheologic interpretation of passive resistance in the knee joint during simple forced movement of the knee joint in the sagittal plane is possible in flexion and extension. Conclusion: Rheologic description of hysteretic response of passive resistance {moment of...
Influence of the posture's change on respiratory function in spinal cord injury patients.
Pavlikhina, Ekaterina ; Vilímek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Šorfová, Monika (referee)
Author: Bc. Pavlikhina Ekaterina Title: Influence of the posture's change on respiratory function in spinal cord injury patients. Objectives: The purpose of this thesis is to analyze change in respiratory function on change of posture in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Another objective is to compare the respiratory functions in a health subjects and in a SCI patients. Last but not least is an effort to find out whether SCI patients have a pattern of restrictive pulmonary dysfunction. The findings can help understanding development of respiratory complications after spinal cord injury. It may help in choosing optimal position during respiratory examination and respiratory rehabilitation. Methods: In theoretical part, there were explored the available knowledges about respiratory complications and their effects on posture. In practical part, there were 26 subjects - 16 patients with SCI and 10 healthy subjects. Subjects with SCI were divided into two groups - one with paraplegia and other one with quadriplegia. Measurements were performed with spirometer on each subject during supine, sitting and standing postures. There were collected vital capacity (VC), forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1) data from all subjects. All data were processed in...
Muscle activity analysis during the violoncello play
Kasanová, Barbora ; Vilímek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Tlapáková, Eva (referee)
Title: Muscle activity analysis during the violoncello play Objectives: This thesis focuses on analysing and comparing specific back muscles of a bowing violoncellist. The findings can help understanding pathologic mechanisms and back pain caused by violoncello playing. It may be useful in choosing suitable preventive compensatory exercise as well and for future research. Eventually, the analysis could be applied in playing ergonomics and designing a proper seat. The thesis also aims on evaluating suitability of the chosen measuring method in this branch. Methods: The theoretical part reviews contemporary knowledge about musculoskeletal system disorders linked with violoncello playing. The practical part aims on evaluating data obtained from 3D kinematic analysis and surface EMG of specific back muscles of professional violoncello player during playing. Several conditions are assessed. Results: The experiment has shown that when playing a violoncello there is an asymmetric loading of the back muscles. Loading of specific muscles has is affected by way of bowing, string location and the seat. The experiment was done on a single proband, so these conclusions may not be generally valid. Keywords: violoncello playing, musicians, surface electromyography, 3d kinematic analysis, violoncellists' diseases,...
Motion analysis of lower extremity during squatting.
Varga, Pavel ; Vilímek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Jelen, Karel (referee)
Title: Motion analysis of lower extermity during squatting Aims: The aim of the thesis is to compare the squat without and with external load in a group of people who work under professional guidance and have experience with this movement, contrary to the people of the common population. Another objective will be the compasion this movement among men and women of the common population. In the theoretical part, the main objective is to describe the basic characteristic of the squat, describe the kinesiological and biomechanical findings and the risks of this movement on the locomotive apparatus. The experimental part will focus on the observation of the determined kinematic parameters of squats and their comparison in the mentioned set of persons. The results of the work should clarify the possible side effects of the squat. Methods: Kinematic analysis will be performed using Qualisys instrumentation. Infrared cameras accurately record and further perform a motion action through passive or active reflection markers. Data from the device will be processed in Microsoft Office Excel software and further evaluated statistically. Results: The results show that there are significant variations in the performance of the movement among groups of men actively engaged in squats under professional guidance and...
Human locomotion after total hip replacement
Horáková, Alena ; Vilímek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Horák, Zdeněk (referee)
Title: Human locomotion after total hip replacement Objectives: The aim of this thesis is to perform a gait analysis of patients after total hip replacement and to find out, how chosen temporo-spatial, kinetic and kinematic parameters change during the first half a year after the surgery. The deviations found in gait stereotypes of individual patients are further compared with results of international studies. Methods: The thesis is theoretical-empirical, with small number of patients. 3D kinematic gait analysis was performed by Qualisys system and ground reaction forces by two Kistler force plates. The following parameters are being monitored: length of step, stance phase duration, cadence, walking speed, lateral shift of the pelvis and trunk in standing phase, contralateral pelvic drop in standing phase of the leg, maximum range of motion of the hip joint in sagital plain, maximum of vertical and medio-lateral component of the ground reaction forces in the standing phase. Results: The highest side deviations between legs were found in 3 months after the surgery and remained until 6,5 months after the surgery. In this time period a lower value of the length of step, stance phase duration, maximum range of motion of the hip joint in sagital plain and also a higher lateral shift of the pelvis was...
Sanni, Modinat ; Vilímek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Šifta, Petr (referee)
Author: Bc. Modinat Sanni Supervisor: Ing. Miroslav Vilímek, PhD Title: MUSCLES ACTIVATION DURING "SHOULDER MOUNT"POLE ACROBATIC EXERCISE Purpose: This study is an empirical - theoretical study presents the literature review regarding to the topic of the shoulder function anatomy, kinesiology, biomechanics, non-traumatic injuries of the shoulder and their prevention by using the available literatures. Further, the study also compares by surface electromyography the amplitudes, shapes and durations of myoelectric signals of m. latissimus dorsi, m. pectoralis maior, m. biceps brachii, m. infraspinatus and m. supraspinatus of dominant shoulder in two healthy individuals during acrobatic exercise on vertical pole known as "Shoulder Mount". The purpose was monitor the changes in two different conditions; i.e. kinesiotape and elbow brace and compare with the control condition for the reason of finding out their ability to affect the myoelectric activities of selected muscles. Further, the Shoulder Mount exercise had recorded by six Qualisys cameras for motion analyses. Methods and materials: The potentially eligible scientific articles perform a search of studies on the topic of kinesiotapes and tennis elbow brace as measured by EMG mainly on myoelectric activity of the shoulder complex were seared from...
Experimental investigation of human gait analysis parameters
Hrušková, Natália ; Vilímek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Goldmann, Tomáš (referee)
Title: Experimental investigation of human gait analysis parameters Objective: The main objective of diploma thesis was an experiment, that examined kinematic and dimensional parameters of human gait which was captured by several cameras and acquired data was recorded in 2D and 3D measurement. Secondary objective was to compare and statistically evaluate data acquired from measurement. The objective of analysis was to discover and describe possible regularities, patterns of human gait and other connections in investigated subjects. Methods: Comparative method was used in the thesis. The purpose of the experiment was to compare parameters measured during attempts of every subject that were conducted under different conditions (different velocity, dressed, undressed, in the environment of 2D and 3D recording) and also to compare different subjects with each other. Results: In the experiment we observed that it is possible to prove the relation between the length of a step and the velocity of gait and also the relation between the change in the body height and the velocity of human gait by three dimensional recording of gait and its analysis. This contention was confirmed in the comparison dressed and undressed subjects. The result of the experiment was, that with increasing velocity of gait is...
Analysis of muscle activity during steering wheel movement
Dostálová, Veronika ; Vilímek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Horák, Zdeněk (referee)
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Evaluation of the effect of exercise according to the Propriofoot concept and the methodology of Sensorimotor Training by Janda and Vávrová on foot pressure distribution.
Dudová, Helena ; Vilímek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Goldmann, Tomáš (referee)
Title: Evaluation of the effect of exercise according to the Propriofoot concept and the methodology of Sensorimotor Training by Janda and Vávrová on foot pressure distribution Objectives: In this thesis the following three goals were set: First, to find out if and how does the percentual foot pressure distribution between the left and right foot in standing change after a four-week long exercise according to either the methodology of Sensorimotor training by Janda and Vávrová or the Propriofoot concept. Second, if and how will the segmental foot load change. Third, if the prospective changes of foot load will agree or differ between the two groups. Methods: A pilot study for quantitative research using experimental scientific method was conducted, with two groups consisting of ten members each, aged thirty to fifty and diagnosed with flat foot. At the beginning, all probands underwent diagnostic measurement using the "Plantograf V10" device. Then they attended a four-week long individual therapy with an exercise plan created according to one of the two methods in consideration. At the end the probands were again measured by the same device. Entrance and control measurements obtained for each participant and both groups were evaluated, compared and statistically analyzed. Results: Analysis of the...
EMGs of Back Muscles in Relation with Different Settings of the Straps of Backpacks
Strejcová, Hana ; Vilímek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Goldmann, Tomáš (referee)
Title: EMGs of Back Muscles in Relation with Different Settings of the Straps of Backpacks Objectives: The aim of this study is to compare the electrical activity of chosen muscles during the gait with student backpack and during the different types of placing the backpack on the back in the vertical plane. The second aim is to find what it the best type of the backpack placement on the back based on the electrical activity. Methods: This thesis is an analytical-experimental research. In the theoretical part, there is a review of available sources relating to existing studies about load carriage, especially backpack carrying. It is preferentially about school type of backpaks, the recommended load limit, the way of placing a backpack on the back and the way of placing a load in the backpack. In the experimental part, there are methods used during experiment. The surface electromyografy was chosen as a experimental method. M. trapezius pars descendens, m. erector spinae and m. rectus abdomis were chosen for recording the EMG signal. The data were recorded during the gait with the backpack of 10% of proband's weight and during 3 different types of backpack placement. The upper type of placement was placed with the centre of the backpack in the level of seventh thoracic vertebra (T7), the middle type...

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1 Vilímek, Martin
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