National Repository of Grey Literature 31 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Revision of the IFRS Conceptual Framework
Šantrůček, Martin ; Valášková, Mariana (advisor) ; Žárová, Marcela (referee)
This thesis deals with current amendment of the International Financial Reporting Standards Conceptual Framework. This Amendment is one of the most awaited projects of the International Accounting Standards Board for the year 2017. Conceptual Framework serves as a basic ideological basis and theoretical premise for the creation of the accounting standards. Consistence between Conceptual Framework and IFRS and being up to date are the key factors for the whole system to work properly. This thesis deals with the Conceptual Frameworks development from its beginnings in the USA to the current amendment made by IASB and the thesis is trying to analyse the whole concept of the Conceptual Framework, its importance and its contained information which are under a strong pressure to be perfect. This thesis primary goal is to analyse the current amendment of the Conceptual Framework, which is being evaluated and commented with help of the comment letters received to the Exposure Draft 2015. There are also suggested some recommendations, that should be considered before finalizing the new Conceptual Framework.
Critical view of balance sheet in French financial reporting
Tuzarová, Zdeňka ; Žárová, Marcela (advisor) ; Valášková, Mariana (referee)
The main objective of this thesis is to evaluate the explanatory power of the balance sheet based on French accouting regulation. The first part deals with the general theory of accounting and financial reporting regulation, factors influencing national regulation, form and objectives of financial reporting, with focus on the balance sheet. The second part deals with the French legislative sources for accounting and financial reporting. The third part introduces the definition, structure and method of valuation of assets and liabilities based on French regulation. The fourth and fifth parts are devoted to the profit and loss account and the notes to the financial statements in accordance with French law. The last section contains an analysis of financial statements of a real company, and on this basis explanatory power of balance sheet is evaluated.
Analysis of explanatory power of income statement prepared in accordance with Czech accounting standards and IFRS
Čermáková, Bohuslava ; Valášková, Mariana (advisor) ; Vašek, Libor (referee)
This master thesis deals with an issue of the profit and loss statement. The theoretical part of the thesis describes the nature of the financial statements, the individual elements of the financial statements and after that, it focuses on the one particular statement which is profit and loss statement. The thesis also describes the basic building blocks of this particular statement and further specifies its appearance. The analysis is conducted in terms of Czech accounting standards and IFRS. In the analytical part of the thesis, the main focus lies on the research of the explanatory power of the profit and loss statement in practice. It analyzes the statement from the perspective of external users. The researched companies were randomly selected and they publish their financial statements prepared in accordance with Czech accounting standards and IFRS. The main approach used in this master thesis is the financial analysis, within which are carried out the horizontal and vertical analysis, ratios calculations and all results are compared over time and also among competitors. The income statement offers really important information to the users of financial statements, but for deeper explanation users have to always look into the other financial statements, because all of them are connected together.
Development of accounting in Slovakia
Samseliová, Simona ; Valášková, Mariana (advisor) ; Skálová, Jana (referee)
The bachelor's thesis is focused on the theme of development of accounting in Slovakia. The thesis is divided into four main chapters. The aim of the first chapter is to define the complex accounting system and provide the basic understanding of this area. The second part chronologically describes the historical process of formation and development of accounting system in generally. It is also devoted to important milestones in the evolution of Slovak accounting legislation, which is terminated by summary of currently valid legal standards. The third chapter follows the topic and it focuses on the international harmonization within the European Community. The last and final section deals with practical view on accounting. It shows accounting statements requirements and changes in legislation following the implementation of EU Council Directive. These changes are attributed to the harmonization process, which the Slovak republic is a part of.
Conceptual changes to lease accounting under IFRS
Betáková, Simona ; Valášková, Mariana (advisor) ; Vašek, Libor (referee)
Bachelor thesis "Conceptual changes to lease accounting under IFRS" deals with reporting of leases under International Financial Reporting Standards. It aims to analyse changes brought by convergence project between IASB and FASB. The thesis goes from historical development of lease standard to existing treatment of leases under IAS 17. Then it describes the reasons for convergence process, focusing on Project Leases. Project brought two exposure drafts and one final standard IFRS 16 adopting term "right-of-use-asset". Final part of the thesis examines financial statements of airlines because they are to be considerably affected by the new standard. Research confirms the popularity of operating leases for airlines and in the end, the impact of the new standard on a specific company is shown.
Creative accounting
Srpoňová, Markéta ; Gluzová, Tereza (advisor) ; Valášková, Mariana (referee)
This thesis mainly deals with creative accounting, at the beginning there is generally characterized accounting. After that it is focused on a specific definition of the concept of creative accounting. There are elaborated motives leading to the use of creative accounting, as well as the most commonly used methods and techniques applied to achieve the desired result. The work continues defining the criminal act associated with economic criminality. Finally, the work gives specific examples from the Czech Republic based on the practice of the Supreme Court, which show that even in the Czech Republic creative accounting practices are used.
Forming and importance of the rules for accounting and reporting
Kubínová, Adéla ; Janhuba, Miloslav (advisor) ; Valášková, Mariana (referee)
This thesis deals with accounting issue regarding the rules for accounting and reporting. The fundamental part is a characteristic of generally accepted accounting principles, their forming and importance in the international financial scale. The aim of the thesis is to describe the process and conditions of the development of these principles and illustrate the impact of breaching of selected fundamental assumptions on the financial statements.
Long-term tangible and intangible assets in compliance with the IFRS in comparison with Czech accounting regulations
Koskubová, Monika ; Ašenbrenerová, Petra (advisor) ; Valášková, Mariana (referee)
This bachelor degree work deals with long- term tangible and intangible assets in compliance with the International Financial Reporting Standards, and compares these standards with Czech acounting regulations. The work consists in the analysis of the problem of long-term tangible and intangible assets, and focuses on the purpose of establishing international standards and Czech accounting regulations. The international standards are primarily set to satisfy the needs of creditors and potential investors. Their authors aim at setting unified and universal accounting regulations relevant for all of their users. Czech accounting regulations do not only serve as an information source for creditors and potential investors; one of their most important users is also the state which creates and amends Czech accounting legislative. Thus both the state and respective lobby groups do have a significant influence upon the final versions of the given regulations. In my work I intend to analyze what impact these substantial factors have on the form of accounting regulations, focusing on long-term tangible and intangible assets. The results I have presented show that the International Financial Reporting Standards allow the given units of account to describe the real and current situation more truly and faithfully, unlike Czech regulations. The reason is that the standards are more detailed and thorough, they contain a higher number of permitted methods and accounting techniques which reflect the real situation of units of account more accurately.
Jurisprudence of abuse of law in area of taxes
Popelková, Kristýna ; Pelák, Jiří (advisor) ; Valášková, Mariana (referee)
Diploma thesis describes jurisprudence of tax law and abuse of tax law. The aim of this thesis is to specify the term abuse of law more clearly and assess the development of abuse of law in Czech jurisprudence in area of taxes up to year 2015.
Process of IFRS development, endorsement and enforcement
Valášková, Mariana ; Mejzlík, Ladislav (advisor) ; Žárová, Marcela (referee) ; Tumpach, Miloš (referee)
The doctoral thesis examines process of IFRS development, endorsement and enforcement from the perspective of accounting regulation on global scale, identifies nature of IFRS due process in all its phases and compares IFRS due process with accounting regulation in Czech Republic, especially with legislative process of creating Czech accounting legislation. The due process of any accounting rules, whether standards or legislation, determines quality of these rules and consequently also potential level quality of financial statements prepared in accordance with such rules. Process of IFRS development and endorsement is to guarantee quality of standards that are the output of such a process. For global accounting harmonization, which requires transparent, reliable and comparable information in financial reporting across countries of the world, the IFRS due process is essential. The whole process of IFRS development, endorsement and enforcement, which develops IFRS as global accounting standards, also is connected with several obstacles associated to political and social aspects as well as to cultural differentiation. In the thesis the legal systems, as determinants of the nature of accounting regulation, are used for analysis and identification of possible natures of accounting regulation from global perspective. For global accounting regulation it is necessary its acceptance by major interested parties, specification of the range of entities for which it is meaningful and desirable, establishment of an independent, reliable and respected international professional organization in the role of standard-setter and development of a sophisticated, transparent and comprehensive standard setting process. Besides the thorough analysis of particular phases of IFRS due process, the thesis also maps current acceptance of IFRS in the world and describes endorsement process in Europe Union applied for the adoption of IFRS within its area, what provides an integrated view of current evolution in global accounting harmonization. Global accounting regulation, which requires the adoption and application of IFRS in their original range, still faces many obstacles. Less than half countries of G20 (ie 9 countries) requires the use of IFRS in their original form for listed companies. Problem with such acceptance of IFRS especially have the countries with tradition based on Roman law (continental European legal culture), where the creation of rules is exclusive subject to state. Quantitative analysis of IFRS due process performed on three selected projects of IASB agenda is a core of application part of the thesis. On the basis on the timeline the analysis follows particular steps of IFRS due process, especially from the perspective of particular comment periods quantified through the comments received, not only in number but also the composition of comments by geographical region and respondent type. The analysis showed the due process as complicated and time-consuming process leading to global consensus of opinions and also showed the importance of compliance of its complexity, which leads to general agreement on adopted solutions and to global acceptance of these solutions by all of the interested parties. The analysis of IASB due process leads into its comparison with legislative process of creating accounting legislation in Czech Republic. The comparison of both of the processes enables to identify the weaknesses of Czech due process and provides specific recommendations for its improvement and increase efficiency. From the perspective of nature of accounting regulation the delegation of creating accounting rules from the state to the accounting profession is important especially to strengthen the quality, understanding and acceptance of accounting rules, which can be effectively ensured through the due process different from that legislative. The IFRS due process is an inspiration in this case.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 31 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
3 VALÁŠKOVÁ, Michaela
1 Valášková, Marcela
2 Valášková, Marie
5 Valášková, Martina
3 Valášková, Michaela
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