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Analysis and prevention of ancle joints injuries in artistic gymnastics
This bachelor thesis is about the most common injuries of ankle joint of the foot in women artistic gymnastics. This theses is focussed on the area of ankle joint, importance of foot arch and following ankle injuries of young gymnasts. It appears to be a common phenomenon and it could be a limiting factor of gymnasts performance. The main aim of this thesis is to create a physiotherapy exercise plan for stability of the ankle joint and coordination of movement. Those excercises shlould decrease muscle dysbalances, improve the stability of joints and in the meanwhile help to reduce the amount of ankle injuries. It should also show how often these gymnasts have injuries and what could possibly be the cause. This bachelor thesis is devided into theoretical and practical part. In the theorectical part, there is briefly described history of gymnastics and its development. After that there is a chapter about disciplines of women artistic gymnastics. Next chapters contains most common injurie, describtion of muscle dysbalances and hypermobility. Next chapter is focused on prevention of these injuries and some principles, which are important for reduction of these unnecessary problems connected with chronic overloading and injuries. Practical part of this thesis contains methodology, which was used for processing individual case reports. I had 5 artistic gymnasts, who train on the high competition level. The data where obtained by kinesiological examination, including special testing and examination on posturograph and pedoscope. The key physiotherapy method was somatosenzory stimulation method, exercises for deep mucle stabilitation system and balance aids. I suggested compensatory and stabilisation exercices and created a therapy brochure for gymnasts. After three months the final examination was performed, which is included in results. This bachelor thesis can be used for trainers, sportsmen, but also physiotherapists struggling with this issue.

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