National Repository of Grey Literature 13 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Demonstration of compliance with substantive legal conditions entitlement to VAT deduction in the NSS jurisprudence
Rambousek, Petr ; Boháč, Radim (advisor) ; Tuláček, Michal (referee)
v anglickém jazyce The aim of the thesis is to gain an insight into the Supreme Administrative Court's decision- making in disputes concerning the mutual position of tax subjects and tax administrators in tax proceedings when proving the right to VAT deduction. The method of the thesis is a content analysis of selected judgments of the Supreme Administrative Court. The thesis is divided into. The first three parts of the thesis serve primarily to introduce the reader to the issue and its specifics. In the next 5 parts, the expected inequality in the position of tax subjects against the tax administrator is gradually examined. The centre of gravity of the thesis is found in Part 5, which identifies the construction of the procedure for the removal of doubts as the main source of the impermissible inequality of position of the subjects in the tax proceedings. Parts 6 to 8 then deal with the sub-aspects of the unequal position and highlight the consequences of the construction of the procedure for the removal of doubts, which requires a very low level of evidential certainty for its functionality. While these sub-conclusions are not particularly problematic in isolation, taken together they create an untenable situation of unequal burden of proof between the tax authorities and the taxpayer. The...
Cross-border aspects of corporate taxation
Laouici, Said ; Kotáb, Petr (advisor) ; Tuláček, Michal (referee)
- 1 - Cross-border aspects of corporate taxation Abstract This thesis addresses the key challenges, institutions, and current challenges in the cross- border taxation of concerns, which are better known as multinational companies. Multinational companies are business associations that must achieve the quality to be described as concerns, which are the focus of this thesis. The essential aspects in the cross-border taxation of a concern are the existence of double taxation or non-taxation, the transfer pricing and, finally, the new institutes that are aimed at reacting to the most recent and unsolved issues in this area. These are still numerous, but the efforts of countries and multinational organisations to tackle them are very strong. Specifically, this thesis deals with the essential instruments in the field of international taxation, such as double taxation treaties, transfer pricing, which can be described as traditional institutes, but also new institutes in the field of international taxation, which are BEPS action plans (Pillar I and Pillar II), MLI, EU directives, which compete with the basic and new instruments. The BEPS Action Plans and their impact are continuously reflected in each chapter of this thesis. The thesis also deals with tax competition, coordination, and harmonisation relationships...
Autonomous Vehicles Liability Insurance
Hořavová, Maria ; Vybíral, Roman (advisor) ; Tuláček, Michal (referee)
Autonomous Vehicles Liability Insurance Abstract The diploma thesis is focused on the issue of autonomous vehicles and its liability insurance as it is a very current topic, as evidenced by extensive discussions across the professional and lay public. The aim of this thesis is to analyse the currently existing legal framework at national, EU and international level and to clarify whether the current legal framework is sufficient for the operation of autonomous vehicles. The liability insurance system itself and the principles of its operation are also analysed with regard to their suitability for autonomous transportation. Where deficiencies are identified, de lege ferenda considerations are outlined, and expected changes as well as appropriate solutions are identified. In addition, the diploma thesis provides a meaningful introduction to the principles of autonomous vehicles and discusses other areas closely related to liability insurance for damage caused by the operation of autonomous vehicles. The diploma thesis is divided into five separate chapters. These chapters are structured in such a way that the reader first gains an understanding of the topic and becomes familiar with the complex system of autonomous vehicles. In the first chapter, the reader is introduced to the concept of an autonomous...
Current issues related to government debt financing
Kuneš, Jakub ; Tuláček, Michal (advisor) ; Vybíral, Roman (referee)
The topic of the thesis are issues related to the government debt financing. Nowadays, the issue of the state debt is becoming more and more topical, especially as a result of the hundreds of billions of Czech budget deficits. Moreover, it is an area that affects directly or indirectly every person in the Czechia. It is therefore desirable to address the subject thoroughly, because it is an issue that has a multi-generational dimension and the consequences of today's budget negotiations may cause very unpleasant consequences for future generations. Although the level of Czech debt is relatively low compared with the countries of the European Union, in the fourth quarter of 2022, the Czech Republic became, by a wide margin, the fastest-debting country in the European Union. The thesis is divided into three parts.The first part introduces the reader to the issues and describes the key mechanisms of the functioning of the state budget.It describes what the national debt is, what its causes are and why the national debt has been growing steadily by orders of magnitude higher in recent years than it has been in the past decade. Mandatory and quasi-mandatory expenditures are identified as a major problem for public finances in the Czechia and is given special attention, including a model example that highlights...
Budgetary allocation of taxes for municipalities and regions
Svoboda, Jan ; Boháč, Radim (advisor) ; Tuláček, Michal (referee)
Budgetary allocation of taxes for municipalities and regions Abstract This thesis deals with the topic of budgetary allocation of taxes for municipalities and regions. Budgetary allocation of taxes is a comprehensive and ongoing issue that has a significant impact on the functioning of the state, regions and municipalities while also helping to define their mutual relationships. Tax revenues are essential income for public budgets, providing funding for the basic functions of the state, public goods, services and the operation of public administration. Due to the number of entities with different interests in its form, the budgetary allocation of taxes is part of a political battle and has a significant impact on the lives of ordinary citizens even though the general public is not familiar with it in detail. The aim of this thesis was to describe, analyse, and evaluate budgetary allocation of taxes to municipalities and regions from a legal perspective. The author selected general criteria for evaluating and analyzing the system of budgetary tax allocation and its legal regulation such as simplicity, clarity, integrity, and administrative complexity. This thesis serves as a general theoretical foundation and starting point for possible future in-depth research on budgetary allocation of taxes. The thesis...
Algorithms for automated logistics
Tuláček, Michal ; Barták, Roman (advisor) ; Dvořák, Filip (referee)
This thesis deals with a real world problem of an optimal planning of transferring goods between stores of a certain retail company. The aim is to propose a system which, based on customer orders and current stock items availability, should be capable of devising an optimal plan. In this thesis, following a thorough analysis of the problem, there is a formalised problem of automated logistics. After a brief overview of existing approaches in the area of logistics problem solving, there are subsequently designed solution methods based on programming with limited conditions and mixed integer programming. Both methods are compared to each other experimentally, by taking into account the quality of the found solution and the methods' efficiency.
Constraint solvers
Tuláček, Michal ; Barták, Roman (advisor) ; Surynek, Pavel (referee)
Constraint solver is a specialized software used to solve constraint satisfaction problems. The thesis surveys constraint solvers and some of them compares using the criteria of user accessibility and variety of problems which can be modeled.
Legal Aspects of Tax Administration Electronisation
Tuláček, Michal ; Boháč, Radim (referee)
The topic of the thesis focuses on legal aspects of the use of information and communications technologies in tax administration. Tax administration is a specific area of public administration. Therefore, one would assume that its specifics are reflected in the tax administration electronisation as well. The basic difference between the tax administration and general public administration is in the way of handling information. One of the main tasks of tax administration is to overcome an information asymmetry between tax offices and taxpayers. Therefore, it is necessary to protect the information collected during tax administration. The protection must be more effective than in other areas of public administration, as with an ineffective protection of information, the willingness of taxpayers to communicate them to the tax authorities would be significantly hindered. In the thesis, there are 4 research questions formulated: (1) What is the tax administration electronisation, what does it embody and how does it overlap with the general public administration electronisation? (2) What are the legal aspects of tax administration electronisation in its tax related specific areas? (3) Does the current law suffice in the tax related specific areas of tax administration electronisation? (4.) Are its tax related...
Legal Aspects of Tax Administration Electronisation
Tuláček, Michal ; Boháč, Radim (referee)
The topic of the thesis focuses on legal aspects of the use of information and communications technologies in tax administration. Tax administration is a specific area of public administration. Therefore, one would assume that its specifics are reflected in the tax administration electronisation as well. The basic difference between the tax administration and general public administration is in the way of handling information. One of the main tasks of tax administration is to overcome an information asymmetry between tax offices and taxpayers. Therefore, it is necessary to protect the information collected during tax administration. The protection must be more effective than in other areas of public administration, as with an ineffective protection of information, the willingness of taxpayers to communicate them to the tax authorities would be significantly hindered. In the thesis, there are 4 research questions formulated: (1) What is the tax administration electronisation, what does it embody and how does it overlap with the general public administration electronisation? (2) What are the legal aspects of tax administration electronisation in its tax related specific areas? (3) Does the current law suffice in the tax related specific areas of tax administration electronisation? (4.) Are its tax related...
Legal Aspects of Tax Administration Electronisation
Tuláček, Michal ; Boháč, Radim (advisor) ; Kohajda, Michael (referee) ; Trubač, Ondřej (referee)
The topic of the thesis focuses on legal aspects of the use of information and communications technologies in tax administration. Tax administration is a specific area of public administration. Therefore, one would assume that its specifics are reflected in the tax administration electronisation as well. The basic difference between the tax administration and general public administration is in the way of handling information. One of the main tasks of tax administration is to overcome an information asymmetry between tax offices and taxpayers. Therefore, it is necessary to protect the information collected during tax administration. The protection must be more effective than in other areas of public administration, as with an ineffective protection of information, the willingness of taxpayers to communicate them to the tax authorities would be significantly hindered. In the thesis, there are 4 research questions formulated: (1) What is the tax administration electronisation, what does it embody and how does it overlap with the general public administration electronisation? (2) What are the legal aspects of tax administration electronisation in its tax related specific areas? (3) Does the current law suffice in the tax related specific areas of tax administration electronisation? (4.) Are its tax related...

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