National Repository of Grey Literature 34 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Žigmundová, Martina ; Trnka, Radek (advisor) ; Kulich, Jiří (referee)
Cestovní ruch je nepřehlédnutelný fenomén současnosti. V turisticky atraktivních zemích se z velké části podílí na tvorbě HDP, na druhou stranu znečišťuje životní prostředí. Zejména v hotelnictví vzniká nadměrná produkce odpadu, plýtvá se energií a surovinami. Snažila jsem se v této práci popsat cestovní ruch jako celek. Na základě tohoto popisu jsem naznačila možné budoucí směrování ve smyslu trvale udržitelného rozvoje. Existují nové přístupy, tzv. green management, destination management a ekologický turismus, které mohou zmírnit nebo eliminovat negativní dopady cestovního ruchu. Ve světě i u nás se již vyskytují tzv. ekologické hotely. V diplomové práci jsem popsala současnou situaci v Česku v nově vznikající oblasti zeleného podnikání, která přináší možnosti pro nový pohled na cestovní ruch. Zjišťovala jsem kritéria EU, která musí pro získání značky hotely splnit. Zvolila jsem hotel, který se nejvíce blíží ideálu ekologického hotelu. Vybraný ekohotel Veronica jsem zkoumala pomocí případové studie. Zajímala mě především motivace pro ekologickou značku, průběh a těžkosti při získávání této značky. The tourism is remarkable phenomenon of today's life. There is a big impact to the GDP in the touristic attractive countries. On the other hand it causes pollution of the environment. In the area of...
Two faces of ZOO - perception of zoos from the view of their supporters and opponents
Tempírová, Lenka ; Trnka, Radek (advisor) ; Šusta, František (referee)
Two faces of ZOO Perception of zoos from the view of their supporters and opponents The main topic of this thesis is a role of zoological gardens in the modern society, especially their importance to conservation of biodiversity as well as to progress in public education. I was interested not only in the opinions and the attitudes of the supporters of zoological gardens, but also in views of their opponents as the opposite side. In the case of the opponents I wanted to reveal if their criticism of zoos is based on negative emotions (bad feeling from breeding animals in captivity and thinking about their rights to freedom) or rise from real inadequacies (for example bad living conditions of animals). So in the theoretical part of the thesis I was concerned about contributions of zoological gardens in many ways as well as about their limitations, mostly mentioned by their opponents. To be more precise in drawing conclusions I made my own empirical research which was based on questionnaires and interviews with directors of certain zoos in the Czech Republic. The main aim of my research was not only a usual opinion poll, but also a detection of differences in opinions and personal characteristics between supporters and opponents of zoos. I also wanted to find out which aspects of zoos are highly...
Environmental stress
Martínková, Zuzana ; Trnka, Radek (advisor) ; Hofmannová, Jitka (referee)
Environment, its condition and environmental factors influence human wellbeing both directly because it has direct impact on human's physical health and indirectly because it can cause stress and therefore have negative effect on wellbeing and health. Aim of this work is to find out which environmental factors and problems can cause stress and what factors, how and why, have impact on emergence of environmental stress and coping strategies. Important factors influencing environmental stress and especially coping strategies are stressor characteristics, perceived impact, coping resources, and especially perceived capability to cope with the stressor which is strongly influenced by information and experience and by behavior of others. An individual chooses passive or active coping strategy depending on these factors. Pro-environmental behavior could be one of these active coping strategies.
Three case studies of resourse management of tropical ethnic groups in area of Indonesia and Oceania: Siberut, Tikopia, Pingelap
Kavánková, Ludmila ; Trnka, Radek (advisor) ; Bartoš, Michael (referee)
This diploma thesis is based on three case studies discussing three native cultures and their ways of using ecosystem resources. The three studied tribes share following characteristics: they live in tropics, they represent Austronesian ethnolinguistic group and their habitat is a specific detached island. Studying the three chosen traditional island communities on Siberut, Tikopia and Pingelap give us detailed information about the local ways of living, traditional agriculture, land tenure, hunting, breeding and local trade. At the same time it helps us to discover differences of the three examples caused by number of socio-environmental factors as well as to characterize three types of interaction between people and their natural environment. Due to study of chosen tribes it was found out that local traditional way of using ecosystem resources not only allows inhabitants to survive but moreover sustains the natural environment. Therefore, it is proposed that applied principles could be adopted by other tropical places already more influenced by western culture. In such places the main source of food is conventional agriculture which is not perceived as fully sustainable. It was observed that studied communities were following some of the basic principles as tabus or agroforestry. Their main goal is to...
Visions of the future in relation to the environment of the pupils in fifth grade primary school
Petiška, Eduard ; Trnka, Radek (advisor) ; Dlouhá, Jana (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to answer following research questions: What are the visions of the future in relation to the environment of the pupils in fifth grade primary school? For this purpose there is submitted conceptual framework that has a foothold in the sociological premises, which optics are viewed by children's imagination. As a major phenomenon, which falls on children's vision, is defined the process of individualization. That translates into a perception of the future, while attention is paid to its impact on gender as well as on understanding of responsibility. The issue of risk perception in the context of contemporary society is described too. The conceptual starting point of insertion includes primarily theoretical works by Z. Bauman, U. Beck, A. Giddens and M. Maniates. The theoretical part also discusses the role of children in society and the concept of sustainable development. Finally, it is submitted that the involvement of children (and their imagination to create the future) can have a positive influence not only for themselves, but for the whole society. The theoretical part concludes with a research that is focused on children's perceptions of the future and individualization abroad and at home. The methodical part includes the methodology that is used, in...
Animals in rituals of Czech hunters today
Erben, Jakub ; Trnka, Radek (advisor) ; Sosna, Daniel (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the rituals of hunting and animals that are in them, directly or indirectly emerge and with which they are associated. It does so by using qualitative methods, namely the techniques of observation and interviews. The research results are presented in the form of a story that brings us how it is with the hunts, how such hunts look like and what all may be associated context furlongs. The thesis is divided into two main parts - theoretical, where we present the current knowledge of rituals and hunting - and empirical where this knowledge is deepened and disseminated through the interpretation of the results of my anthropological research. According relation to hunting, hunters can be distinguished as culls, hunters and hunters without morals. Hunters attach importance to rituals differently depending on various factors, among which is their devotion to hunting and general relationship that it has. Rituals have a unifying power, while not practising them separate those individuals from the ones that identify themselves with the community. In the context of hunting we talk about the so-called fee hunts, which are perceived by the respondents as a necessary evil, which may have a positive impact not only on hunting, though. Key words: hunters, rituals, animals Powered by...
Attitudes of zoologists and general public on breeding of different groups of mammals kept in zoo
Vágnerová, Kristýna ; Trnka, Radek (advisor) ; Karadžos, Alexis (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to answer the question how differ the attitudes of zoologists and general public on suitability of various mammals kept in zoos. The theory of cultural stereotypes is theoretical starting point where i assume that evaluation is influenced on the basis of cultural stereotypes among general public (n = 100) versus expert evaluation of graduates of zoology (n = 60). Questionnaire with a scale enumeration concerning the assessment of the suitability of selected groups of mammals for breeding in zoos was used as the main data collection instrument. Results of the survey showed that experts evaluated the suitability of mamals for breeding in zoo more positive than laymens in general. According general public were equines and rodents rated as relatively unsuitable for breeding in zoos in comparison with expert evaluation. Elephant, orangutan, platypus, tiger, bear and cheetah were rated as relatively suitable for breeding in zoos by general public against expert evaluation. The possible interpretation might be that these mammals belong to the most popular and therefore respondents want to experience personal contact with them. Statistical testing found no gender differences in the rating. Key words: zoos, public attitudes, zoologists' attitudes, mammals, cultural stereotypes,...

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