National Repository of Grey Literature 12 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Aplikace environmentální rastrovací elektronové mikroskopie (EREM) v oboru analýzy miniatur: metodika pro specifické použití ve výzkumu miniaturního malířství
Hradil, David ; Hradilova, Janka ; Neděla, Vilém ; Tihlaříková, Eva
The methodology deals with a completely new, unused procedure of non-invasive analysis of painted portrait miniatures, using environmental scanning electron microscope with an energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer (ESEM-EDS). ESEM, unlike the conventional scanning electron microscope (SEM), allows the analysis of the painting on the ivory support, which is not possible in the gas pressure approaching the vacuum, where there is a risk of deformation and damage due to the drying of this biological material. Instead of an inert gas (nitrogen, argon), the aim is to use a mixture of nitrogen and water vapor at a defined pressure corresponding to the required relative humidity in the measuring chamber. This enables a completely non-invasive analysis of painted miniature objects on organic types of supports. This methodology is divided into two parts: morphological analysis and elemental composition analysis. The first case involves the study of morphological details at high magnification (e. g. the possibility of distinguishing different types of supports or characterizing their microstructure). The second part describes the implementation of elemental analysis in high spatial resolution (distinction of individual pigment grains).
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SMV-2021-04: Advanced EDX analysis of miniature painting in ESEM
Neděla, Vilém ; Tihlaříková, Eva
Samples were analysed in experimentally reached and optimised high pressure conditions of environmental scanning electron microscope and using EDS X-Ray micro-analyser.
Comparison of microscopic diagnostic methods
Veselý, Jakub ; Tihlaříková, Eva (referee) ; Čudek, Pavel (advisor)
This thesis deals with the description and comparison of diagnostic methods, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. The introduction is a description of diagnostic methods. The following experimental section dealing with the diagnosis of ferritic chromium steel sample methods of scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and the evaluation and interpretation of measured results. The conclusion provides a comparison, the advantages and disadvantages of diagnostic methods.
Method for evaluation of signal level value in environmental SEM
Kršňák, Jiří ; Tihlaříková, Eva (referee) ; Čudek, Pavel (advisor)
This work deals with the evaluating of the signal level value from the sample in the environmental SEM. In work there were processed the comparison of the osciloscopic method for the evaluating of the signal level value in the environmental SEM, the method for the evaluating of the signal level from the grey level of the sample images and the method for the evaluating of the signal level from the osciloscop. There are described the advantages and disadvantages of the methods and procedures for processing the methods.
In vivo study of diatom assemblages using low temperature method for ESEM
Tihlaříková, Eva ; Neděla, Vilém ; Fránková, Markéta
Diatoms are the most species-rich algal group represented by 12 000 described species and are recognized as powerful bio indicators and used for water quality monitoring. Diatom taxonomy is predominantly based on the morphology of ornate silicified cell wall called frustule composed of two overlapping parts (thecae). This frustule displays intricate patterns and designs unique to each species. For these studies conventional scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was and still is widely used. This method requires cleaning of diatom frustules in strong acids and peroxides followed by conductive coating.This aggressive procedure removes protoplast and damages delicate structures. Environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) brings advantages of observation of fresh diatom material that are presence of whole intact diatom cells, not only empty diatom frustules, extracellular mucilaginous diatom secrets (e.g. pads, stalks, tubes) and whole diatom assemblages directly in situ together with other algal assemblages (e.g. cyanobacteria or green algae). However, in diatom research, ESEM is used mainly for elimination of conductive coating and observation of these organisms in their native wet state adhered directly on the host plant is not yet common. The ESEM observation of native aquatic samples is usually affected with radiation damage that can be lovered by the use of special methods like the Low Temperature Method (LTM) for the ESEM.
Optimization of scintillation detector for detection of low energy signal electrons in electron microscopy
Tihlaříková, Eva ; Kadlec, Jaromír (referee) ; Uruba, Václav (referee) ; Neděla, Vilém (advisor)
The dissertation thesis deals with optimization of the scintillation detector for efficient detection of low energy signal electrons in a specimen chamber of a scanning electron microscope. The solution was based on the study of signal electron energy loss mechanisms during their interaction with a conductive layer and a scintillator that can be studied using simulations based on the stochastics Monte Carlo methods. Based on test simulations and their comparison with experimental data, the ideal Monte Carlo software was chosen and used for the study of signal electron energy losses during their transport through the conductive layer as well as following interaction with scintillator, in dependency on the signal electron energy. Simulation results allowed to define criteria for the optimization of the conductive layer. According to these parameters, the optimized layers were deposited on the surface of different scintillators and experimentally tested in the scintillation detector of the scanning electron microscope. Experimental measurements allowed to verify accomplished simulations and provide new information about impact of materials and thicknesses of conductive layers in combination with materials of scintillators and light guides. The increase of the detection efficiency of the scintillation detector equipped with optimised conductive layers and its capability to detect low energy signal electrons were experimentally proved.
Comparison of microscopic diagnostic methods
Veselý, Jakub ; Tihlaříková, Eva (referee) ; Čudek, Pavel (advisor)
This thesis deals with the description and comparison of diagnostic methods, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. The introduction is a description of diagnostic methods. The following experimental section dealing with the diagnosis of ferritic chromium steel sample methods of scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and the evaluation and interpretation of measured results. The conclusion provides a comparison, the advantages and disadvantages of diagnostic methods.
Scintillation SE Detector for Variable Pressure SEM
Tihlaříková, Eva ; Neděla, Vilém (referee) ; Jirák, Josef (advisor)
This project deals with the theme of environmental scanning electron microscopy (EREM). This method allows the examination of insulators and wet specimens without pretreatment and modification like drying and metallization. The principle of this method consists in using higher pressure in a specimen chamber. The pressure is within the range of 100 – 200 Pa. However, the pressure in the specimen chamber restricts the signal detection interference. The objective of the work is to explore the possibility of interference in secondary electron route detection by way of electrostatic field. The electrostatic field was realized with the system consisting of four electrodes located in front of the scintillation detector. It should have interfered the secondary electron´s trajectory to the detector chamber. The optimization of voltage on the electrodes was made by simulation program called SIMION. The simulation results were experimentally verified with laboratory EREM.
Physical and biocatalytic properties of polyvinyl alcohol lens-shaped particles versus spherical polyelectrolyte complex microcapsules
Schenkmayerová, A. ; Bučko, M. ; Gemeiner, P. ; Treľová, D. ; Lacík, I. ; Chorvát Jr., D. ; Ačai, P. ; Polakovič, M. ; Lipták, L. ; Rebroš, M. ; Rosenberg, M. ; Štefuca, V. ; Neděla, Vilém ; Tihlaříková, Eva
Direct comparison of key physical and chemical-engineering properties of two representative matrices for multipurpose immobilisations was performed for the first time. Polyvinyl alcohol lens-shaped particles LentiKats and polyelectrolyte complex microcapsules were characterised by advanced techniques with respect to the size distribution of the particles, their inner morphology as revealed by fluorescent probe staining, mechanical resistance, size-exclusion properties, determination of effective diffusion coefficient and environmental scanning electron microscope imaging. Recombinant cells E. coli overexpressing enzyme cyclopentanone monooxygenase were immobilised in polyelectrolyte complex microcapsules and LentiKats for comparison of their operational stability using model Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of (±)-cis-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-en-6-one to regioisomeric lactones as important chiral synthons for potential pharmaceuticals.
Using environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) as a non-invasive method to studying fixed parasites
Mašová, Šárka ; Neděla, Vilém ; Tihlaříková, Eva
Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is popular and for taxonomy of parasites very important and not substituted method in many times. However sometimes taxonomists have only one specimen and cannot use classical SEM, because their sample (poor conductor) have to be fixed, dehydrated and coated before it can be observed. This method condemns samples for destroying and do not allow other using of it, e.g. for molecular study or depositing as type material in museum. Moreover, the specimen preparation is often long and slow. Environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) brings two main advantages: elimination of speed of sample preparation and non-invasivity.

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