National Repository of Grey Literature 34 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Swedish education system and education of immigrants
Vosejpková, Tereza ; Svobodný, Petr (advisor) ; Young, Mitchell (referee)
Due to open immigration policy Sweden is often target destination of non-European immigrants. Because of that Sweden has to force high share number of immigrants in composition of inhabitants and try to make as homogeneous population as possible, which can be noticeably supported by compulsory education. By way of analysis of education system and its documents as well as insight into contemporary situation, this study should help to understand not only the basic ideas of immigrant education, but also consequences, which are brought by dissimilar education of pupils without knowledge of Swedish language, and consider whether all components of that education are of integration or not.
Norwegian Accession Process to the EC/EU Compared with Denmark and Sweden
Trmalová, Eliška ; Svobodný, Petr (advisor) ; Kasáková, Zuzana (referee)
In the second half of the twentieth century Norway repeatedly made efforts to become a member of the European Communities, which were later incorporated into the newly created European Union. Two referendums were held - in 1972 and 1994 and in both of them Norwegian citizens decided that Norway will not become a member of the EC/EU. Outcomes of the referendums were narrow, though. Interesting fact is, that referendums in the neighbor states - Denmark (1972) and Sweden (1994) ended up in favor of the European Communities/ the European Union. Bachelor thesis called "Norwegian Accession Process to the EC/EU Compared with Denmark and Sweden" concentrates on reasons of the different outcome of referendums in Norway compared to Denmark and Sweden. These Scandinavian countries have many similar characteristics, therefore was expected similar outcome. In my opinion there are three main reasons for the different results of the referendums. Firstly, there are Norwegian specifics, such as widely popular fishing and protection of agriculture. Second are economic reasons that are linked to big profits from crude oil and natural gas export. Last reason is strong national pride and fear of losing the decision making in key subjects. In the Norwegian society is still existing trauma connected with history and it is closely...
"As if a Part of Us Was Left Somewhere There in Sweden." - The Evacuation of Finnish "War Children" to Sweden during the Second World War
Fremrová, Květa ; Švec, Luboš (advisor) ; Svobodný, Petr (referee)
The largest evacuation of children in history took place in Finland during the World War II. Approximately 70,000 children were evacuated to the safety in Sweden (some of them also to Denmark and Norway) during several waves of evacuation that to a large extent followed the on-goings on the front. However, this episode was despite its magnitude until recently one of the forgotten chapters of the Finnish history. This thesis focuses on historical circumstances that led to the final decision to evacuate children, describes how the transports were organized and executed. It also mentions the time that the children spent in Sweden and difficulties with which they had to cope after their return to Finland. Since the 1990's, the "war children" have gained more public attention. In the second part of my thesis, I try to explain how the children experiences found their way to the public awareness, explain the previous lack of interest as well as the sudden wave of attention paid to these children. It seems that this was caused by the combination of political factors and development in the personal lives of the children. During the previous decades, the children had to cope with the denial of their experiences on two levels - by the state and by their own family. During the Cold War, the conflict with the...
Problematic Identification with the EU - analysis of Danish euroscepticism
Hořejšová, Tereza ; Šlosarčík, Ivo (advisor) ; Svobodný, Petr (referee) ; Zemanová, Štěpánka (referee)
The dissertation thesis analyses factors which are characteristic for Danish euroscepticism. It seeks an aswer to a question whether certain national specifics pre-determine "the Danish" version of euroscepticism. In previous research, it has not been very common to analyse national versions of public euroscepticism but the current academic knowledge about euroscepticism is still not satisfactory and in particular does not take into account the tender nuances in demonstration and origins of euroscepticism of each member state. However, as this thesis hypotheses, it is necessary to take the national eurosceptic specifics into account while designing the communication policy on EU issues. The thesis concludes that in the case of Denmark, the national specifics which have been identified as strong perception of national identity, referenda, EU opt-outs, specific political system and a formalised co- ordination system of EU affairs, serve as roots, i.e. not as a consequence, of Danish euroscepticism. Keywords European Union; Denmark; Euroscepticism; opt-outs; identity; public opinion; communication policy.
The Neutrality and Foreign Policy of the Kindom of Sweden during the Second World War
Ladecký, Štefan ; Svobodný, Petr (advisor) ; Švec, Luboš (referee)
Bachelor thesis "The Neutrality and Foreign Policy of the Kingdom of Sweden during the Second World War" deals with the development of neutrality of Kingdom of Sweden during the Second World War depending on international development of affairs and foreign policy from Stockholm. Events are situated to the duration of conflict but it also contains historical excursion to inter-war period which is important for argumentation and further development of topic. Analysis of Hague Convention of 1907 is also included and it is compared with deviations of war-time foreign policy. Thesis deals not only with development of foreign policy but also with economic and trade potencial of Sweden and with ability of armed defence. Further it describes relations with billigerent powers in immidiate imminence and their effect on foreign policy. Based on argumets I had stated, policy of neutrality is evaluated in the end of thesis.
Prague Hospitals during 1948 - 1968
Murtingerová, Kateřina ; Mášová, Hana (advisor) ; Dudra, Ján (referee) ; Svobodný, Petr (referee)
Pražské nemocnice v letech 1948-1968 Ing. Mgr. Kateřina Murtingerová Summary: This work presents a development of Prague hospitals during 1948 and 1968. The first part of my thesis describes theoretical and historical background of health care provision in the first half of the 20st century and it is focused on development of Czech healthcare system. This part of thesis also includes reform plans and concepts proposed during the first republic and the Second World War, with special attention to Albert and Nedvěd's plans playing a key role in setting of healthcare provision after the year 1948. The second part of this thesis is based on legislative and institutional analysis after the Second World War that was developing hand in hand with social, political, and economic changes in Czechoslovakia. Important part of this capture is also an assessment of the results of health care provision during 1948-1968 from the perspective of the whole country, including structure and availability of hospital care, demographic trends and population health trends, expenditure of health care provision and preventive measures etc. Thesis also includes historical overview of academic environment. The issue of Prague hospitals and hospital care is framed in the context of institutional and legal framework of health care system...
Prague Faculties of Medicine and Their Clinics in 1938-1945
Svobodný, Petr ; Hlaváčková, Ludmila (advisor) ; Hach, Petr (referee) ; Míšková, Alena (referee)
The developments that took place in Prague in 1939-1945 offer a particularly interesting starting point for analysing the impact which changing political circumstances can have on universities. The progress of events at Prague universities and institutions of higher learning at key points of the period of 1938/39-1945 does not readily lend itself to any sort of 'straightforward' characterisation that would take us from a Nazification of the German (and Austrian) universities after 1933 to their eventual de-Nazification after 1945, or from a closing of universities of the occupied country to their eventual re-opening after 1945 (as was, for example, the case in Poland). The parallel existence of both a Czech and a German university (and technical university), their complementary and at times strongly diverging histories at key moments of the 20th century, supply a rich source of material for a study of the complex interplay between politics, university education, and science. Present intention of this dissertation, however, is not to present these universities as a whole. It focuses just on their faculties of medicine, including their clinical background in Prague hospitals. Faculties of medicine have a unique position not only with respect to other parts of a university, but also in other areas of...
The Norwegian policy of cooperation in Education and Research as a soft-power tool for Norway's foreign policy
Rozsypal Pajerová, Anna ; Kasáková, Zuzana (advisor) ; Svobodný, Petr (referee)
This diploma thesis examines the Norwegian policy of cooperation in Education and Research as a soft-power tool for Norway's foreign policy. Within a European context, three levels of Norway's participation in Education and Research programmes will be analyzed. The first level is Norway's cooperation policy toward the EU, though as a weaker actor. The second is Norway's value of cooperation as an equal partner, which is typical in the Nordic region. And the third is cooperation via EEA Grants and Norway Grants, in which Norway is a dominant player. This thesis combines a theory of international cooperation and Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye's theory of soft-power, complex interdependence and asymmetry of relations between the participants. In the research, a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods are used. This thesis reveals that Norway decreases the financial spending to the areas where it has more influence and can utilize more of its soft power, while it also invests into areas where it plays the role of substandard actor. An explanation is found in the theory of international cooperation and the game of Chicken, where the longstanding and successful corporation strives to achieve a compromise rather than a win, i.e. to moderate any power fluctuation and strive for an equilibrium state.

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