National Repository of Grey Literature 64 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The Brandt's Ostpolitik
Soběhart, Radek ; Stellner, František (advisor) ; Moravcová, Dagmar (referee) ; Vaněk, Miroslav (referee)
The dissertation "Brandt's Ostpolitik" deals with the concept of Brand's foreign politics towards Eastern Europe. The concept was not only a short-term plan after Brandt gained government functions after 1966, but it is concerned with the essence of understanding of Willy Brand's policy. The paper views the topic from three different points. The first area consists of an ideological-theoretical level that focuses especially on the analysis of long-term trends of Brandt's Eastern Policy. Therefore, it distinguishes from existing approaches, which apply the concept only to the period of 1969-1974, when Brandt ruled the Federal Republic of Germany, but also from academic papers that consider the second Berlin crisis and the Berlin wall construction to be the beginning of the Eastern politics. One of the conclusions of the dissertation shows the necessity to search for the roots of Brandt's policy already in his stay in exile in Norway and Sweden, due to the fact that Brandt obtained basic idea about the way parliamentarian democracy works there, and about the importance of European cooperation for the after-war recovery of Europe and Germany. Thanks to the fact that he did not spend the period of the World War II in the German area, he became a symbol of "different, better" democratic Germany after...
Analysis of the economic position of Czechoslovakia in COMECON
Schovánková, Klára ; Skřivan, Aleš (advisor) ; Soběhart, Radek (referee)
The main objective of this work is the analysis of the long-term impact of the ČSR's membership in the Comecon (The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance) on the Czechoslovak economy. The move from a market to a planned economy created fundamental change in the structure of both trade and production. The implementation of unrealistic production plans and dictates from the Soviet Union resulted in an economic crisis and severe disorder in the social system due to the lack of and possibility of personal consumption. This paper also deals with the analysis of the situation in foreign trade, and the overall economic position of Czechoslovakia among other Soviet satellites. The author also tried to evaluate the results of the planned economy on production and also it's place internationally in the division of labor. The intention is to highlight the differences between the official plans and the real results and impact on the Czechoslovak economy. This contrast is achieved by comparing archival sources and special literature. The major space in this work is dedicated to analysis of the automotive industry, the changes and the problems of this sector in the individual decades.
Analýza zbavování státního občanství po druhé světové válce jako prostředku ekonomické diskriminace a geneze ústavního dekretu č. 33/1945 Sb.
Lupiňská, Dana ; Kozmanová, Irena (advisor) ; Soběhart, Radek (referee)
The Thesis analyzes the Constitutional Decree No. 33/1945 Coll., about modification of Czechoslovak citizenship of persons of German and Hungarian nationality as the basis of economic discrimination of German minority after World War II. The first chapter analyzes the process of decree in exil in London, regulation problems in Košice government program, the context of Potsdam Conference and the role of president Beneš. It concludes that, due to the unusual nature of legal procedure, the Czechoslovak officials were under significant legitimition pressure, and to legitimize the deprivation of citizenship they primarily used need to get rid of the German and Hungarian minorities, who by their behavior contributed to the disruption of the republic and argument of national state. The second part analyzes the process of deprivation of citizenship on the basis of the decree and it concludes, that there were labour economic discrimination, especially in work obligation, intrduction of job cards and canceling employment. Thesis states, inter alia, that during the implementation of regulation, there were a number of exceptions and it is not always possible to watch one hundred precent consistency between legislation and practice.
United Kingdom as a multicultural country? British immigration policy United Kingdom during the '60s
Hložánková, Lucie ; Soběhart, Radek (advisor) ; Kozmanová, Irena (referee)
This diploma thesis is analysing society in the United Kingdom during the '60s. The United Kingdom today is seen as multicultural society with open and positive approach to immigrants from all different parts of the World. The first wave of immigrants arrived right after the WWII. These first immigrants were coming to the United Kingdom from all parts of the British Empire. Mainly from India, Pakistan and Caribbean. The situation changed during the '60s. Despite the fact that number of the immigrants was not too high, the new laws were introduced to stop immigration from non-European countries. My initial hypothesis: In the post war period the UK impeded the free immigration to the country. How the United Kingdom treated the immigrants during the '60s? What was the proportion of immigrants of the total population? I would like to lay emphasis on the analysis of the government steps, the responsible ministries and mood changes in the society. One chapter is devoted to the analysis of the situation in London. Which is an exceptional area with a high number of immigrants. The situation in the UK will be a part of comparison with selected countries of Western Europe. This is to show the difference between the British approach during the period. The aim of this thesis is to look for the reasons why the United Kingdom applied a different approach to immigrants compare to Western Europe during the '60s and to highlight the main aspects of the changes in attitudes towards immigrants.
Atomic weapon as an instrument of peace
Filip, David ; Stellner, František (advisor) ; Soběhart, Radek (referee)
Regarding the existence of nuclear weapons, which were never used all over atomic bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima as a tool of war against civilian or military targets during the Cold War, I try to give an explanation of "armed peace". I consider the question of why the two superpowers (the USA and the USSR) didn't start a "hot war" that would have been more likely nuclear. As an example of the most critical event will serve me Cuban Missile Crisis, with which can be the description of it understood in broader context. The paper points to the interrelations of opposing ideologies that related to atomic weapons have often drawn the same conclusions. I examine the military-strategic value of the atomic bombs which have shaped international relations troughtout the second half of the twentieth century. Besides the military aspects I also mention economic interpretation of the nuclear arms race and economic potential of the USSR and the USA. Why have in the first instance occured one-sided and than gradually overall disarment, reducing the number of nuclear warheads? I try to documented the explanation out of historical events also by using teoretical models.
Music as an Expression of the Lifestyle in the UK in 1960s. Contribution to the European Consumer Society after 1945.
Vlčková, Petra ; Soběhart, Radek (advisor) ; Kozmanová, Irena (referee)
This thesis focuses on the British music scene in the 1960s. Popular music was one of the main manifestations of consumerism and influenced the behavior of most young people. The aim of the thesis is to explain the extent in which popular music played a role in the establishment of a consumer society and, above all, the impact caused by interpreters and music groups on the lifestyle of their listeners and audiences.The thesis also examines how the British music developed in the Sixties and how it was characterized.The thesis is based on the assumption that the 1960s' is a key decade in the postwar history of modern society, a time when fundamental changes occurred in the value systems of most Western societies, notably the British. New generations of young people associated with economic prosperity surfaced at that time, fostering the development of the phenomenon of consumer society, thus changing people's lifestyles.The first part of the thesis is dedicated to economic and social assumptions of the development of the consumer society. The second part of the thesis addresses the social structure of the British society, focusing on the youth - arguably, the social extract that was most appealed by popular music. The core part of the thesis analyses the British music scene in the 1960s, with focus on the music groups and also the music industry and its impal on the lifestyle of youth.
The Phenomenon of Italian Mafia and the Possibility of its Elimination
Müllerová, Aneta ; Kovář, Martin (advisor) ; Soběhart, Radek (referee)
My thesis 'The Phenomenon of Italian Mafia and the Possibility of its Elimination' focuses on the permanent existence of the Mafia in Italy without major success in the fight against its illegal activities. Firstly, I will explore the origin and development of the Mafia and factors pertaining to why it wasn't recognized exclusively as a criminal organization before the late 20th century; a view shaped by a cultural-historical and linguistic analysis of this ever-powerful institution. Following this, I will address specific strategies used in the fight against the Mafia to support the hypothesis that cooperation between its penitent former members and the judiciary, in conjunction with the existence of effective legislative measures, is a decisive and effective method for the possible destruction of the Mafia.
The development of rail infrastructure in the second half of the 19th century, with accent on building local railways
Štípek, Vladimír ; Jakubec, Ivan (advisor) ; Soběhart, Radek (referee)
The thesis is based on the development of the rail infrastructure in the Habsburg monarchy in the second half of the 19th century with regard to repetitive interventionist tendencies of the state in this area. Particular emphasis will be accentuated on spontaneous building local railways, the research uses available archival materials. Thesis includes an analysis of the state's approach to the construction of railways, which reflects the contemporary legislation and characteristics of the business environment. The thesis compares the activities of private companies (based on the profit calculation) and the activities of the state and local authorities (based on strategic targets: military, economic, or development objectives). The ratio of these activities, but also their intensity, was affected also by the phase of economic cycle and this cycle had its political and economic roots. The work also concerns the problem of public goods.
Nationalization processes in Czechoslovakia on the example of CKD
Bek, Daniel ; Soběhart, Radek (advisor) ; Szobi, Pavel (referee)
The work deals with the nationalization in 1945 and its subsequent effects on the example of Czechoslovakia industrial company CKD. The paper presents the results of research in which I discovered that it was nationalized CKD did not help. The main blame for this are insensitive, politically motivated interference in the structure of CKD. When CKD is becoming a tool for achieving political goals. Another important reason is the limitation of the market economy and competition. The internal reason is too high wages, which did not correspond with work productivity. At work I perform comparison operations CKD before the war and after nationalization in order to get information on how to lead economically. The work is not forgotten page of the legislative framework and assumptions nationalization nationalization in Czechoslovakia. The work compares theoretical and practical side of the page nationalization
Economic and political developement of czech borderland, the so called Sudetenland, in the times of the Great depression
Rychetský, Petr ; Stellner, František (advisor) ; Soběhart, Radek (referee)
The aim of this work is to analyze the economy of czech borderland, the so called Sudetenland, in the time of the Great depression, and following nationalistic radicalisation of german minority of inter-war Czechoslovakia. The first part of this work is dedicated to the economic potential, characteristics of the industry and social background of czech borderland. Second part brings an analysis of the influence of different process of crisis in the borderlnad and in the innerland on further german minority's radicalisation. This part aswell considers the goverment's anti-crisis steps, and their diverse impacts on the borderland and innerland. In the very last chapter there is certain space for evaluation anti-crisis policies, and also political results of the crisis on german minority in the than Czechoslovakia. This work answers the question, why the great depression led to the radicalisation of Germans in Sudetenland, and why official anti-goverment policy didn't fulfill the expectations of Germans. The work depicts, that government's desire to meet the demand of german minority came too late, and only after the awareness of direct threat. The work targets on how briliant nazi propaganda was in abusing ordinary people's misery towards it's benefit, and whether great depression was crucial feature for German's reluctance of living in Czechoslovakia.

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