National Repository of Grey Literature 7 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Study and optimization of mixotrophic growth of selected strains of autotrophic microorganisms
Miheeva, Alexandra ; Sikorová, Pavlína (referee) ; Sniegoňová, Pavlína (advisor)
This bachelor thesis investigated the production of microalgal metabolites in response to stress conditions. In recent decades, there has been a growing interest in the research and application of algae in various fields such as food, cosmetic, pharmaceutical, biotechnology and energy industries. The microalgae strains selected for this work are Desmodesmus quadricaudea (CCALA 464), Chlorella minutissima (CCALA 916), Desmodesmus subscapitus (CCALA 688), Scendesmus pleiomorphus (CCALA 460). The theoretical part of the work focuses on the description of selected genera of microorganisms, conditions of their cultivation and metabolites produced. Furthermore, stress factors and analytical methods used to identify and quantify the produced substances are discussed. In the practical part of the thesis, the cultivation procedure, biomass processing and metabolite analysis are described, together with a presentation of the results obtained. Algal strains Desmodesmus subscapitus, Scenedesmus pleiomorpfus and Chlorella minutissima showed the highest alcohol consumption in HPLC-RI analysis, making them the most suitable candidates for possible mixotrophic cultivation. Growth optimization of Chlorella minutissima was also performed and analyzed in this work. Its results are presented in the practical section.
Optimization of the co-cultivation of the yeast Phaffia rhodozyma with selected strains of autotrophic microorganisms
Shelekhova, Olga ; Sniegoňová, Pavlína (referee) ; Sikorová, Pavlína (advisor)
This bachelor thesis was focused on the cultivation of Phaffia rhodozyma yeast on different carbon sources in laboratory conditions and on the optimization of co-cultivation conditions of Phaffia rhodozyma yeast strain with selected strains of autotrophic microorganisms on media with the most suitable carbon sources. The yeast strains of microorganisms under study were the yeast Phaffia rhodozyma (CCY 77-1) and the microalgae Desmodesmus communis (CCALA 464). Cultures were carried out on media containing glucose, glycerol, coffee oil, frying oil, ethanol, isopropanol, methanol, molasses, and waste alcohol. The work is divided into two main parts, theoretical part, and practical part. The theoretical part includes information about the yeast and microalgae genus used, description of waste substrates, metabolites monitored and methods of analysis of these substances. The experimental part focuses on cultivation, co-cultivation and optimization of production media. Cultivation conditions, biomass processing, metabolite analysis and the results obtained have been described
Application of physical and chemical stress factors in different stages of growth to autotrophic microorganisms
Sniegoňová, Pavlína ; Byrtusová, Dana (referee) ; Szotkowski, Martin (advisor)
Nowadays, the demand for metabolites produced by microalgae and cyanobacteria is still growing, due to their positive effects on the human body and health. These metabolites include mainly carotenoid pigments, that have antioxidant properties, which very attractive to consumers. These substances are mainly used in food supplements; however they are also used in the pharmaceutical industry. These substances include, for example, -carotene, but also chlorophylls, which are significantly involved in the photosynthesis process. Other important metabolites are lipids, which are part of cellular structures and serve a number of other functions. The theoretical part focuses on the description of algae and cyanobacteria and their cultivation. Furthermore, the influence of stress factors on the production of biomass and metabolites. Metabolites are then characterized in terms of properties and biochemical pathways leading to their production. Subsequently, there are mentioned evaluation techniques used to characterize the cultivated biomass. In the result part, the production properties are compared depending on the selected stress factors.
Cultivation of microalgae and carotenogenic yeasts under stress conditions
Sniegoňová, Pavlína ; Skoumalová, Petra (referee) ; Szotkowski, Martin (advisor)
In biotechnological industry we can register greater use of microorganisms like microalgae and carotenogenic yeast for production of selected substances or for valorisation of waste materials. Among metabolites produced by these microorganisms are carotenoids, which are natural pigments with antioxidant and other biological effects. Other significant produced substances are lipids, which represent large range of substances in living organisms. They form cellular membranes and serve as a reservoir of energy. These substances can be used in food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industry and also in production of biofuels. Theoretical part is focused on description of selected genera of microorganisms, their cultivation and produced metabolites. Stress factors to which they were exposed are also mentioned, as are the analytical methods used for detection of produced metabolites. Next part is dedicated to the comparison of production properties of selected microorganisms depending on used stress factor. Increased production of lipids in yeast is observed in C. macerans and S. metroseus with higher concentrations of FeCl3. While using whey as a source of ccarbon, yeasts show decreased production of carotenoids. Highest production of lipids in algae and cyanobacteria was observed in S. acutus and D. quadricaudea. Production of carotenoids depended on applien stress factor and highest productions was observed in C. sorokiniana, C. reinhardtii, D quadricaudea and Coccomyxa sp.
Biotechnological treatment of poultry industry waste with yeast
Ustiuzhanin, Vladimir ; Sniegoňová, Pavlína (referee) ; Szotkowski, Martin (advisor)
This bachelor's thesis focuses on the cultivation of specific carotenogenic yeast strains using waste substrates from the poultry industry. Yeasts are highly valued for their capacity to degrade complex organic compounds and generate diverse metabolites, including fatty acids, lipids, and carotenogenic pigments. The yeast strains selected for this study were Rhodotorula kratochvilae (CCY 20-2-26), Rhodosporidium toruloides (CCY 62-2-1), Rhodotorula mucilaginosa (CCY 19-4-6), Sporidiobolus salmonicolor (CCY 19-6-4), Sporidiobolus metaroseus (CCY 19-6-20), Sporidiobolus pararoseus (CCY 19-9-6). The work is divided into two parts: theoretical and experimental. The theoretical part provides details on the yeast genera used, a description of the waste substrate, monitored metabolites, and methods applied for their analysis. The experimental part encompasses the cultivation procedures and conditions, biomass processing, metabolite analysis, and the obtained results. Main selected waste substrates were chicken fat and feather hydrolysate. Through a series of laboratory-scale experiments, the most appropriate strains for producing the monitored metabolites and biomass on waste substrates were identified: Sporidiobolus pararoseus a Rhodotorula mucilaginosa. The highest lipid content in the biomass was identified in the strain Sporidiobolus pararoseus.
Application of physical and chemical stress factors in different stages of growth to autotrophic microorganisms
Sniegoňová, Pavlína ; Byrtusová, Dana (referee) ; Szotkowski, Martin (advisor)
Nowadays, the demand for metabolites produced by microalgae and cyanobacteria is still growing, due to their positive effects on the human body and health. These metabolites include mainly carotenoid pigments, that have antioxidant properties, which very attractive to consumers. These substances are mainly used in food supplements; however they are also used in the pharmaceutical industry. These substances include, for example, -carotene, but also chlorophylls, which are significantly involved in the photosynthesis process. Other important metabolites are lipids, which are part of cellular structures and serve a number of other functions. The theoretical part focuses on the description of algae and cyanobacteria and their cultivation. Furthermore, the influence of stress factors on the production of biomass and metabolites. Metabolites are then characterized in terms of properties and biochemical pathways leading to their production. Subsequently, there are mentioned evaluation techniques used to characterize the cultivated biomass. In the result part, the production properties are compared depending on the selected stress factors.
Cultivation of microalgae and carotenogenic yeasts under stress conditions
Sniegoňová, Pavlína ; Skoumalová, Petra (referee) ; Szotkowski, Martin (advisor)
In biotechnological industry we can register greater use of microorganisms like microalgae and carotenogenic yeast for production of selected substances or for valorisation of waste materials. Among metabolites produced by these microorganisms are carotenoids, which are natural pigments with antioxidant and other biological effects. Other significant produced substances are lipids, which represent large range of substances in living organisms. They form cellular membranes and serve as a reservoir of energy. These substances can be used in food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industry and also in production of biofuels. Theoretical part is focused on description of selected genera of microorganisms, their cultivation and produced metabolites. Stress factors to which they were exposed are also mentioned, as are the analytical methods used for detection of produced metabolites. Next part is dedicated to the comparison of production properties of selected microorganisms depending on used stress factor. Increased production of lipids in yeast is observed in C. macerans and S. metroseus with higher concentrations of FeCl3. While using whey as a source of ccarbon, yeasts show decreased production of carotenoids. Highest production of lipids in algae and cyanobacteria was observed in S. acutus and D. quadricaudea. Production of carotenoids depended on applien stress factor and highest productions was observed in C. sorokiniana, C. reinhardtii, D quadricaudea and Coccomyxa sp.

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