National Repository of Grey Literature 57 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Determination of duration that driver needs to assess the situation behind the vehicle in course of turning or overtaking manoeuvres.
Belák, Michal ; Rábek,, Vlastimil (referee) ; Kolíbal, Zdeněk (referee) ; Semela, Marek (advisor)
The dissertation thesis deals mainly with determining of the duration that driver needs to assess the situation behind his vehicle at manoeuvers of turning and overtaking, based on the measurements made in real road traffic. These are common and frequent driving manoeuvers, which the driver performs while driving the vehicle in regular road traffic. For their safe execution the driver needs to have sufficient amount of information about the situation around the vehicle and especially behind the vehicle. This information can driver usually gain from devices for indirect vision, most often rear view mirrors. The time thus defined, suitable e.g for the needs of forensic engineering applications for the analysis of road accidents, has not been studied in detail yet. For the purpose of its determination, therefore, an extensive analysis of the current state of problematics related to the indirect vision from the vehicle was carried out. There were formulated influences on the time duration and with this related characteristics of humans as a part of the driver-vehicle-environment system in the thesis. The characteristics of human perception were investigated and the problematics of reaction time was discussed. Existing research focused on the duration of rear view mirrors glances was analyzed and possible methods of its measurement in detail were presented by author. Based on this, an experiment was designed and realized, the time necessary for rear view mirror glances was defined by the author. The results enable to quantify the time that the driver needs for assessing the situation behind the vehicle in connection of turning, overtaking and other driving manoeuvers when the driver needs to change the driving direction. The conclusions showed that the time needed to evaluate the situation behind the vehicle by means of the rear-view mirrors does not normally exceed duration 1 second.
Perception of vehicle speed by pedestrian
Rak, Martin ; Semela, Marek (referee) ; Bilík, Martin (advisor)
This master’s thesis deals with the issue of the perception of speed of a vehicle from pedestrian’s point of view. The theoretical part consists of a research into sense perception of humans and construction of motor vehicles. The practical part designs and describes the experiment which was performed in order to provide data used for analyzing different factors and their effect on the accuracy of vehicle speed estimations.
Analysis of Selected Distractive Stimuli on the Driver Attention
Bucsuházy, Kateřina ; Rybka, Jindřich (referee) ; Mičunek,, Tomáš (referee) ; Semela, Marek (advisor)
The dissertation thesis focuses on the problem of driver inattention as one of the main factors contributing to the traffic accidents occurrence. The importance of this topic has been introduce on the basis of the literature review. The theoretical analysis includes terminology in the field of accident analysis related to the topic of this dissertation thesis. Existing methods for driver behavior analysis have been introduced as well as the selected resuls of existing research studies focused on the driver inattention. Research gaps have been identified on the basis of the research review, on some of them has been focused this work. The defined problem situation points to the need to find and verify the relevant modern methods for analysis of driver inattention, respectivaly influence of selected distracting stimuli on the stages of driver information processing. The series of measurements also provides quantified data, especially with regard to the perception duration of selected distracting stimuli.
Typical Traffic Accidents of Hazardous Frivers Focusing on the Elderly
Krchová, Zuzana ; Semela, Marek (referee) ; Schmeidler, Karel (advisor)
This diploma thesis focuses on the issue of seniors in transportation and examines the typical causes of traffic accidents caused by the participation of persons of this age category. The theoretical part of the thesis explains the demographic development of the society with regard to the population’s mobility and describes the personality of the person in the transport environment from the traffic psychology point of view focusing on seniors. The empirical part of the thesis focuses on the analysis of traffic accidents with the participation of seniors, defining the causes. It sets out the practical tools that can be used to objectively assess the driver's ability to drive in terms of driver's age and the possibility of reducing the number of traffic accidents caused by the elderly.
Turning Radius Limits of Vehicles and Common Drivers and Their Application in Software for Traffic Accident Reconstruction
Mikulášková, Eliška ; Tylšar, Vladimír (referee) ; Semela, Marek (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the turning technique of cars and common drivers. The thesis examines the behavior of vehicles and drivers when cornering, forward and reverse driving. The aim of the thesis is to analyze the technique of turning vehicles and common drivers and apply the acquired data to simulation programs for road accident analysis. The individual aims of the thesis are theoretical description of the given problem and experimental verification of the parameters of radii, angles and time course of turning of different vehicles and common drivers in forward and reverse driving under comparable conditions and to describe mutual relations.
Reaction time of Persons Influenced by Alcohol
Ohera, Adam ; Bucsuházy, Kateřina (referee) ; Semela, Marek (advisor)
This thesis is focused on the issue of reaction time of those people who are affected by alcohol. The thesis is divided into two main parts, the first part is focused on the research of the present state and it submits the theoretical background related to the topic of this thesis. The second part describes both the experiments related to the reaction time of the people affected by alcohol and the evaluation of the results of such measurements.
Impact of Narcotics and Psychoactive Drugs on Driver´s Behaviour and Possibilities od Detection During Police Road Control
Floreš, David ; Semela, Marek (referee) ; Schmeidler, Karel (advisor)
The result of this diploma thesis is based on the collected data, to evaluate the success of the detection of narcotic and psychotropic substances by a policeman, with subsequent measuring and professional expression. The thesis is divided into three parts. In the theoretical part, this is mainly an evaluation of existing information dealing with drug issues related to road accidents. In the analytical part, the thesis deals with real methods and equipment with OPL detection. The practical part contains data obtained from qualitative research, through interviews, which are compared and evaluated with a quantitative survey of the questionnaire survey, which can help to improve expert judgment and improve transport safety.
Impact of CG on Post Crash Vehicle Movement
Kunovský, Martin ; Bradáč, Albert (referee) ; Semela, Marek (advisor)
This diploma thesis analyses the influence of the changes to the vehicle’s center of gravity on its after-impact movement. The theoretical part of the thesis describes the basic methods which are used in investigation of the transverse, lengthwise and height position of center of gravity or the influence of center of gravity’s vehicle position to its stability and handling. Next part of the thesis deals with basic division of the road accidents and briefly describes the methods used in its analysis. Problematic maneuvers and everyday road traffic situations are stated in this thesis. Chosen situations were simulated in Virtual CRASH and PC crash programmes. Influence of the transverse, lengthwise and height position of center of gravity was investigated in these programmes with regards to the after-impact behaviour of vehicle. The obtained results were evaluated in the final chapter.
Analysis of the Usual Time of a Driver Observing Specific Objects
Fujačková, Hedvika ; Semela, Marek (referee) ; Bucsuházy, Kateřina (advisor)
This diploma thesis focuses on drivers of motor vehicles and the usual time they spend by specific objects. The theoretical part of the thesis brings an overview of literature on human perception. The eye-tracker is defined here as the instrument used for scanning the movements of the drivers eyes, here are also named its types and its applications in various fields of life. Finally, this part deals with the advertisements placed alongside roads acting as distractive elements. The experimental part builds upon the collected video recordings and offers an analysis of drivers’ observations of outdoor advertisements that attract their attention, mainly billboards.
Legal Context of Nightime Road Accidents with Pedestrians
Daněk, Vladimír ; Bradáč, Albert (referee) ; Semela, Marek (advisor)
The thesis „Legal Context of Night-time Road Accidents with Pedestrian „deals with the interpretation of legal decisions on traffic accidents caused by the vehicle during the night and where the other participant was a pedestrian. The main aim of this thesis is to find the established limits for the assessing of blame in comparable accident situations in cases of traffic accidents of the vehicle and the pedestrian at the reduced visibility with emphasis on the assessing in relation to the circumstances of the cases from the technical and legal point of view and in relation to the health consequences. Legal interpretations of the law are defined within the theoretical part of the thesis with emphasis on the ones which appear repeatedly in the judicial decisions. Approximately 1530 judicial decisions were studied and analysed in the analytical part, of which 56 were selected, that corresponds to the requirements of this thesis. There are also 5 expert evidences provided by the Institute of Forensic Engineering of Brno University of Technology. In the above mentioned cases there were defined the limits for the assessing of accidents based on which the judicial decision was predicted in context with the defined established limits for the judicial decisions at the top of the court hierarchy.

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