National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.02 seconds. 
Congenital disorders of glycosylation and their impact on cellular and energetic metabolism
Rychtárová, Lucie
Inherited disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a large group of more than 160 types of metabolic disorders caused by genetic defects that lead to impaired glycan biosynthesis and modification. The lipid dolichol plays an essential role in glycan biosynthesis. Glycans play a key role in the function and structure of proteins and lipids and their deficiency leads to severe clinical symptoms. CDG usually manifests in childhood as a multisystem disorder. Families thus face a serious health problem due to the progressive and highly variable nature of the disease, the unfavorable prognosis and, with few exceptions, the unavailability of treatment. Currently, we still do not have a sufficient range of methods to recognize rare types of CDG and our knowledge of the pathophysiology of CDG is still limited. The first aim of this work was to optimize the method of determination of dolichol isoforms and to study them in physiology and pathology. The second aim of the work was to investigate the bioenergetic status and overall metabolism in the most common type of CDG - deficiency of phosphomannomutase 2 (PMM2-CDG), and in CDG caused by a defect in dolichol biosynthesis. The distribution of urinary dolichol isoforms in the population was characterized using an optimized method. The dolichol isoforms profile...
Congenital disorders of glycosylation and their impact on cellular and energetic metabolism
Rychtárová, Lucie ; Hansíková, Hana (advisor) ; Hodek, Petr (referee) ; Pecinová, Alena (referee)
Inherited disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are a large group of more than 160 types of metabolic disorders caused by genetic defects that lead to impaired glycan biosynthesis and modification. The lipid dolichol plays an essential role in glycan biosynthesis. Glycans play a key role in the function and structure of proteins and lipids and their deficiency leads to severe clinical symptoms. CDG usually manifests in childhood as a multisystem disorder. Families thus face a serious health problem due to the progressive and highly variable nature of the disease, the unfavorable prognosis and, with few exceptions, the unavailability of treatment. Currently, we still do not have a sufficient range of methods to recognize rare types of CDG and our knowledge of the pathophysiology of CDG is still limited. The first aim of this work was to optimize the method of determination of dolichol isoforms and to study them in physiology and pathology. The second aim of the work was to investigate the bioenergetic status and overall metabolism in the most common type of CDG - deficiency of phosphomannomutase 2 (PMM2-CDG), and in CDG caused by a defect in dolichol biosynthesis. The distribution of urinary dolichol isoforms in the population was characterized using an optimized method. The dolichol isoforms profile...

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