National Repository of Grey Literature 32 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Effect of moisture on the electrical properties of silicate composites
Karlíková, Helena ; Kusák, Ivo (referee) ; Rovnaník, Pavel (advisor)
This work deals with study on the dependence of electrical properties on the moisture content in silicate composites. The theoretical part contains information about the electrical properties of cement-based and alkali-activated binders, as well as knowledge on moisture parameters and the presence of moisture in the material structure. Samples of cement-based mortars and alkali-activated slag with a graphite powder in the range of 0–18 per cent by weight were produced and quartz sand was used as filler in the experimental part. The samples were provided with copper electrodes and saturated with water after hardening. The electrical properties of the mortars were monitored by means of impedance spectroscopy during the gradual drying of the samples. The effect of microstructure has been studied using scanning electron microscopy and mercury intrusion porosimetry. The results indicate that a significant increase in electrical resistance occurs only when the relative sorption humidity content is below 20 per cent in the 40–5000 Hz frequency range.
Bio-based adhesives for wood structures
Laciková, Petra ; Rovnaník, Pavel (referee) ; Vaněrek, Jan (advisor)
This thesis deals with adhesives designed for wooden structures. It focuses on adhesives with zero or minimal emission of formaldehyde, its replacement by more environmentally friendly substances based on tannins and lignins. The study is concerned with the characteristics of the most frequently used wooden structural elements, knowledge about traditional adhesives and research analysis of the so far developing "green" adhesives. Theoretically, it determines the selection of the most suitable type of filler influencing the properties of the adhesive based on the performed optimization process.
interaction of adhesive with structural wood
Janová, Petra ; Rovnaník, Pavel (referee) ; Vaněrek, Jan (advisor)
This labor is based on penetration of adhesives into a wood cell walls. It focuses mainly on adhesives that are currently used for construction purposes. It also contains a methodics of selecting adhesives and wood, which will be used for glued joints and summarizes the methods used for detect these adhesives in the wood cell wall. It experimentally verifies the appropriate selection of the dye-solvent combination used in the adhesive.
Meta-talc Application in Inorganic Materials
Bednárek, Jan ; Rovnaník, Pavel (referee) ; Palou, Martin (referee) ; Havlica, Jaromír (advisor)
This thesis is focused at possibilities of preparation and characterization of XRD-amorphous delaminated and dehydroxylated talc phase – meta-talc, which can have its potential application and a starter material for a preparation of magnesium-silicate analogues of geopolymers. Changes in structure and morphology of talc ore were observed during this work. For the purposes of this research, two various talc ores – chloritic and dolomitic were examined. Whole process of meta-talc preparation was examined with whole scale of instrumental techniques such as X-ray diffraction, simultaneous thermogravimetric a differential thermal analysis, infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy or laser analysis of particle size. Meta-talc can be obtained via mechanochemical activation of talc ore with subsequent calcination. Mechanochemical treatment lead to destruction of original crystal structure and breaking of original bonds, i.e. the product of this treatment was almost amorphous and delaminated. Most of hydroxyl groups were converted to molecules of water which remained adsorbed or coordinated in ore structure. These molecules were removed during calcination step.
Rheological behaviour of alkali-activated aluminosilicates
Ševčík, Marek ; Vyšvařil, Martin (referee) ; Rovnaník, Pavel (advisor)
The bachelor thesis is focused on rheological properties of alkali activated materials, the main focus is on rheological behavior of geopolymers. The theoretical part describes the most commonly used materials for the preparation of geopolymers. Further, described rheology in general and rheological properties are described, types of behavior of substances and differences between rheological properties of different types of aluminosilicates are explained. In the experimental part, mechanical properties of geopolymer pastes based on metakaolin and fly ash with different silicate moduli of alkaline activator – water glass were investigated. For these materials, rheometric measurements and rheological behavior were also performed.
Study of the adheisve affinity into the wood cell wall at the sub-microstructural level
Mitrenga, Ondřej ; Rovnaník, Pavel (referee) ; Vaněrek, Jan (advisor)
This thesis focuses on the problematic of adhesive affinity into wood cell wall at the sub-microstructural level. The main subject of this thesis is research work of scholarly articles focused on the penetration of resins and polymers into the cell wall of the wood. In contains a description of the principles on which the used methods are based, and a summary of the results achieved. In the experiment, several method were used to investigate the possible penetration of selected methods adhesives into the structure of the cell wall. These are fluorescence microscopy, confocal microscopy, scannin electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
Self-sensing properties of alkali-activated slag composites under compressive loading
Míková, Maria ; Kusák, Ivo (referee) ; Rovnaník, Pavel (advisor)
Production of construction materials requires a large amount of energy. That can be decreased by using of waste materials. This thesis deals with the self-sensing properties of composites. It presents electrical properties of building materials and their measurement. In the experimental part, the influence of conductive fillers on the self-sensing properties of aluminosilicate composites was examined. Test cubes were made of alkali-activated slag with a content of graphite powder, carbon black, carbon fibers, steel fibers or carbon nanotubes. The fractional change in resistence during cyclic compressive loading was monitored.
Effect of aggregate type on lime mortar rheology
Vozák, Rastislav ; Rovnaník, Pavel (referee) ; Vyšvařil, Martin (advisor)
The subject of this bachelor thesis is examining the effect of aggregate type on lime mortar rheology. In the theoretical part, the thesis describes types of liquids and basic rheological quantities. Afterwards there are described some of the rheological behaviour models of non-Newtonian fluids. Furthermore, the theoretical part characterizes measurement of the flow, devices used for the measurement including the oscillatory measurement and its individual modes. Scientific literature was used to describe the rheology of the lime mortars and it covers the effect of different additives on the rheological behaviour. There is also characterized the effect of aggregate on the properties of lime mortars. The experimental part talks about the effect of three various kinds of aggregate on rheological prop-erties of the fresh lime mortar. The chemical composition of aggregates and their granulometry was determined. Subsequently, flow measurements were carried out and evaluated into flow curves. The yield stress, coefficient of consistency and flow index were assayed. In the oscillatory measurement there were measured complex, elastic and viscous modulus and loss factor.
Binary alkali-activated composite materials with brick powder
Mizerová, Cecílie ; Bayer, Patrik (referee) ; Rovnaník, Pavel (advisor)
The thesis is focused on the application of brick powder in production of binary alkali-activated binders with metakaolin, slag and fly ash. The theoretical part summarizes recent fields of use of the ceramic waste in construction and binder industry and prerequisite properties of the brick powder for alkaline activation. Brick powder based geopolymers made in the experimental work were tested for their mechanical properties, porosity and microstructure, flow properties of the fresh geopolymers were evaluated by rheometric measurements. In accordance with the results it can be concluded that brick powder could be a suitable precursor for blended binders with metakaolin and slag, these samples exhibited good mechanical properties and microstructure characteristics. The combination with fly ash was less applicable due to a rapid setting, hardening retarder used in these binders caused significant deterioration of the mechanical properties of the material.
Effect of flexural loading on electrical properties of alkali-activated slag composites
Šimko, Lukáš ; Kusák, Ivo (referee) ; Rovnaník, Pavel (advisor)
Ordinary concrete is the most commonly used building material, but nowadays the requirements for low energy consumption, durability of structures together with their easy diagnostics as well as ecological production raises. This thesis deals with cement and aluminosilicate composites with content of conductive fillers, which allows to monitor the change in electrical properties, most commonly electrical resistance in dependence on mechanical stress. In the experimental part of the thesis, test beams were produced based on alkali-activated slag with content of carbon nanotubes, graphite powder, carbon black and carbon fibre. The beams were subjected to flexural loading in a three-point bending configuration and the shift in electrical resistance was monitored.

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