National Repository of Grey Literature 6 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Lima - The Problems of Metropolitan Growth
Rataj, Martin ; Janský, Bohumír (advisor) ; Ouředníček, Martin (referee) ; Kouba, Karel (referee)
The dissertation deals with the situation of the suburban settlements (barriadas or pueblos jóvenes) on the periphery of the Peruvian capital Lima in context with the growth of the metropolis, accompanied by a number of chronic problems including a high crime rate, unsatisfactory conditions of living and weak public administration. By means of a sociological survey, the dissertation seeks answers to the questions related to individual aspects of the life in barriadas, and subsequently interprets them with regard to the development in the recent decades and the available relevant literature. It tries to seek points of intersection between various phenomena and find their common context by bridging the specific viewpoints of sociology, urbanism, history and ecology. At the same time, it ponders - also with regard to the experience from other cities in the region - about the future prospects.
Lima: Problems of Latin-American metropolis in context and mutual interaction
Rataj, Martin ; Janský, Bohumír (advisor) ; Křížová, Markéta (referee)
This thesis is devoted to the complex of problems which characterize Latin American metropolis on the threshold of the 21st century. It is illustrated in the example of the Peruvian capital Lima which cumulates high amount of the symptomatic maladies of the urbanized areas in this part of the World. The emphasis is mostly put on the issue of the internal migration in Peru and its consequence in a radical change of urbanization, especially the fast growth of the slums on the peripheries. The work also deals with the phenomena which are closely connected with it - criminality, decline in quality of life in the city and disruption of its structures, exhausted environment and predisposition to davastation caused by natural disasters. The aim is to show the coherence of above- mentioned aspects, their common origin and to put them in the context of problems in Peru when the main accent is on the aspect of poverty and cultural-racial barrier.
Lima: Problems of Latin-American metropolis in context and mutual interaction
Rataj, Martin ; Janský, Bohumír (advisor) ; Křížová, Markéta (referee)
This thesis is devoted to the complex of problems which characterize Latin American metropolis on the threshold of the 21st century. It is illustrated in the example of the Peruvian capital Lima which cumulates high amount of the symptomatic maladies of the urbanized areas in this part of the World. The emphasis is mostly put on the issue of the internal migration in Peru and its consequence in a radical change of urbanization, especially the fast growth of the slums on the peripheries. The work also deals with the phenomena which are closely connected with it - criminality, decline in quality of life in the city and disruption of its structures, exhausted environment and predisposition to davastation caused by natural disasters. The aim is to show the coherence of above- mentioned aspects, their common origin and to put them in the context of problems in Peru when the main accent is on the aspect of poverty and cultural-racial barrier.
Evaluation of use of the Catalog type activities of the integrated rescue system at solving exceptional events.
RATAJ, Martin
For the effective use were created Catalogue of Standard Activities of Integrated Rescue System Units during a Joint Intervention (KTČ). The Catalogue of Standard Activities should thus serve as a guide for successful management of emergencies listed. The theoretical part devoted to particular standard activities, presenting conditions for their use, list of bound units and brief procedure for carrying out rescue and relief work. One of the objectives of the thesis was to evaluate the use of each of the standard activities listed in the Catalogue of Standard Activities in dealing with emergencies carried out by IRS units in the Czech Republic between 2010 2014 and the second objective was to design processing of another standard activities for inclusion into the catalogue. Objectives were fulfilled. The research part of the thesis was carried out by methods of analysis and the research of materials available, especially statistical yearbooks of IRS interventions for these years, and by methods of data collection within a qualitative research in the form of guided interview with members of the regional fire rescue corps. After the analysis and research of data obtained from the Ministry of Interior General Directorate of Fire and Rescue Service the data were statistically processed to tables and graphs, and then compared with data obtained from respondents who were subjected to controlled interviews. Respondents were drawn from the ranks of the Fire and Rescue Service, where there was always approached just one member from each region of the Czech Republic. So it was questioned 14 respondents, of which 13 were willing to be interviewed on the issue. The interview consisted of 10 questions, aim of which was to find out, whether the Catalogue of Standard Activities is being used during IRS activities for joint intervention in dealing with emergencies in the corresponding region. Statistical results of the data obtained from the Ministry of Interior General Directorate of Fire and Rescue Service revealed that the majority of incidents solved by using methods of standard activities are rather stagnating or growing. The decline appeared only in traffic accidents dealt with during the announcement of the second and higher degree of alarm. The interviews with members of fire brigades showed that the Catalogue of Standard Activities of IRS units is most often used to deal with emergencies that meet the elements of its use. It is most often the case of traffic accidents and demonstrating the intention of suicide. Conversely, the least number of incidence and therefore of use is noticed in ensuring public order during meetings and techno-parties, and during avian influenza. The busiest regions in dealing with emergencies, according to the results, are the South Moravian Region and the City of Prague. At the other end, in terms of workload, there is the Olomouc Region. Using synchronous comparison, which compared the frequency of dealing with emergencies using the Catalogue of Standard Activities in relation to the total number of incident solutions using the Catalogue of Standard Activities in the Czech Republic, South Moravian Region was established as the best region in using the aforementioned standards to deal with emergencies. The worst in it is, to the contrary, the Karlovy Vary Region. Extraordinary events proposed for inclusion into the Catalogue of Standard Activities are extraordinary events with the presence of highly dangerous infections, collapsing buildings, managing migration waves and terrorist attack. The research question was posed as follows: Are the standard activities of the IRS units used during the joint intervention to deal with emergencies on the list? The answer is affirmative. Standard activities of the units IRS during the joint intervention used to deal with emergencies.
Organization of pre-hospital urgent care upon transport accident with mass health disability
RATAJ, Martin
This thesis deals with the organization of pre-hospitalization emergency care in the event of a traffic accident involving multiple human injuries. It characterizes the activities of the emergency medical service. The objective of this thesis is to map in detail the organization of pre-hospitalization emergency care in the event of a traffic accident involving multiple human injuries. However, the established structure of the organization applies to any emergency involving multiple human injuries. Two research questions were defined for the research part of the thesis; they focused on the Emergency Medical Service of the Central Bohemia Region and the Emergency Medical Service of the South Bohemia Region in order to obtain research value. The first research question focused on comparing the ways in which paramedics were prepared to deal with emergencies in traffic accidents involving multiple human injuries at the Emergency Medical Service of the South Bohemia Region and the Emergency Medical Service of the Central Bohemia Region. The second research question was intended to map the solutions of traffic accidents involving multiple human injuries at the Emergency Medical Service of the Central Bohemia Region and the Emergency Medical Service of the South Bohemia Region from 2002 to 2012. The methodology selected for the research part of the thesis was a method using a qualitative research conducted through interviews in the form of semi-controlled interviews with paramedics with the Emergency Medical Service of the South Bohemia Region and the Emergency Medical Service of the Central Bohemia Region. The research group was composed of paramedics from two emergency medical services from each of which five respondents were selected randomly. Processing of the results relating to the first research question, which dealt with comparing the ways in which paramedics are prepared to deal with emergencies in traffic accidents involving multiple human injuries, showed that although the structure of the training is largely determined by law and, therefore, it is very similar at both the emergency medical services, there is a striking difference in the access and participation of paramedics to the training organized. The paramedics with the Emergency Medical Services of the Central Bohemia Region do not participate in theoretical preparations regularly, compared to their counterparts, even if they are organized every year. Processing of results relating to the second question, which focused on mapping the solutions of traffic accidents involving multiple human injuries, showed that the Emergency Medical Service of the South Bohemia Region participated in a much more serious traffic accidents involving multiple human injuries than the Emergency Medical Service of the Central Bohemia Region. The description of the procedures selected by paramedics at the scene of a traffic accident clearly shows that they had to use disaster medicine procedures, such as triage using sorting identification cards, for rescue and disposal operations. It can be clearly concluded that they are an emergency medical service far more experienced in the procedures for dealing with traffic accidents involving multiple human injuries are. When examining the organization of pre-hospitalization emergency care in the event of a traffic accident involving multiple human injuries I found out, using the methods of qualitative research conducted through interviews in the form of semi-controlled interviews carried out at two emergency medical services, some differences concerning theoretical training and actual procedures of dealing with traffic accidents involving multiple human injuries. The cause of these differences can be seen mainly in the frequency of occurrences of emergencies in the South Bohemia Region. For this reason, I see the paramedics with the Emergency Medical Service of the South Bohemia Region as more experienced.

See also: similar author names
6 RATAJ, Martin
2 RATAJ, Milan
3 Rataj, Michal
2 Rataj, Milan
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.