 

Porušování jemnozrnného cementového kompozitu v blízkosti rozhraní plniva a matrice
Vyhlídal, Michal ; Kabele,, Petr (referee) ; Profant, Tomáš (referee) ; Keršner, Zbyněk (advisor)
The Interfacial Transition Zone (ITZ) between the aggregate grain/reinforcement bar and the matrix is considered to be the weakest element in cementitious composites and is, according to some authors, directly responsible for the nonlinear (more precisely, quasibrittle) behavior of the composites. The aim of this work is verification of the generally accepted paradigm of the weakest element by means of fracture experiments and corresponding numerical simulations. In the experimental part, in addition to traditional fracture tests, modern methods of 3D scanning, scanning electron microscopy, chemical analysis using an electron microprobe and nanoindentation were used. In the numerical part, models based on generalized linear elastic fracture mechanics as well as modern models intended for the simulation of cement composites, namely crack band model with smeared cracks and the Microplane model, were used. Based on the results, the numerical part was complemented by the Cohesive Zone Material model simulating the behavior of the interface. All results are discussed and put into context with already published work. The main conclusion of the work is that the properties of the ITZ do not have such an influence on the behavior of cement composites as the adhesion between the inclusion and the ITZ, i.e. the matrix.


On the stress distribution near the tip of a sharp notch
Ostratický, Jakub ; Hrstka, Miroslav (referee) ; Profant, Tomáš (advisor)
The notch is a stress concentrator from the point of view of elasticity theory and the knowledge of the description of this stress in the vicinity of its tip is necessary for the correct functionality of a wide range of mechanical components and products. The stress at the tip of the notch is singular and it is technically impossible to prevent the initiation of cracks in its vicinity. However, it is known from fracture mechanics that the initiation and propagation of cracks is not influenced by the magnitude of the stress at their tips, but its intensity characterized by the socalled stress intensity factor. In the case of a notch, it is a generalized stress intensity factor or simply the amplitudes of the singular parts of the stress filed. These coefficients cannot be determined directly from the results of widely used numerical methods such as FEM, but it is necessary to use linear fracture mechanics methods based on the asymptotic solution of the equilibrium equations in elasticity. The presented work deals with the case of a symmetric sharp notch in an isotropic material under the mode I or II loadings. The stress singularity and the related stress intensity factor at the notch tip are analysed and evaluated. The derived asymptotic solution is compared with the results obtained from the FEM analysis.


Solution of chosen exercises of elasticity by using Airy stress function
Koch, Martin ; Profant, Tomáš (referee) ; Novák, Kamil (advisor)
The Bachelor thesis is concerned with solving selected Mechanics of Material tasks using Airy stress function. First, a description of usage and implementation of the function and methods using the function for solving problems are provided. In the analytical part, there are selected tasks solved by using the Airy stress function and the results are compared with the ones obtained by using the standard approach. A calculation using the Finite Element Method is carried out in the last part and is followed by a final comparison of all the solutions.


Application of the gradient elasticity in fracture mechanics problems
Klepáč, Jaromír ; Profant, Tomáš (referee) ; Kotoul, Michal (advisor)
The presented master’s thesis deals with the application of the gradient elasticity in fracture mechanics problems. Specifically, the displacement and stress field around the crack tip is a matter of interest. The influence of a material microstructure is considered. Introductory chapters are devoted to a brief historical overview of gradient models and definition of basic equations of dipolar gradient elasticity derived from Mindlin gradient theory form II. For comparison, relations of classical elasticity are introduced. Then a derivation of asymptotic displacement field using the Williams asymptotic technique follows. In the case of gradient elasticity, also the calculation of the Jintegral is included. The mathematical formulation is reduced due to the singular nature of the problem to singular integral equations. The methods for solving integral equations in Cauchy principal value and Hadamard finite part sense are briefly introduced. For the evaluation of regular kernel, a GaussChebyshev quadrature is used. There also mentioned approximate methods for solving systems of integral equations such as the weighted residual method, especially the least square method with collocation points. In the main part of the thesis the system of integral equations is derived using the Fourier transform for straight crack in an infinite body. This system is then solved numerically in the software Mathematica and the results are compared with the finite element model of ceramic foam.

 
 

Elasticity problems in Python language
Tichoň, Dušan ; Žák, Stanislav (referee) ; Profant, Tomáš (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the programming language Python. Its aim is acquaintance of NumPy, SymPy and Matplotlib libraries and their later application. Also it shows the great computing potential of programming language in creating exercises which will be used and presented for educational purposes.


A study of the stress field near the stress concentrator at the bimaterial interface
Krepl, Ondřej ; Klusák, Jan (referee) ; Profant, Tomáš (advisor)
The aim of this work is the solution of problems of the stress distribution near bimaterial notch tip or eventually the crack impinging orthogonaly the bimaterial interface, determination of stress singularity exponent. The first part is concerned with basics of linear elastic fracture mechanics, i.e. Irwin's concept of stress intensity factor. The second part is devoted to description of anisotropic materials by complex potencial theory. The final part is focused on calculation of eigenvalues of both isotropic and anisotropic materials and application of LES formalism on the calculation of stress singularities of the bimaterial ortotropic notch or the crack impinging orthogonaly the bimaterial interface.


Computational modelling of mechanical tests of composites "rubber  steel fibre"
Jarý, Milan ; Profant, Tomáš (referee) ; Burša, Jiří (advisor)
This diploma thesis focuses on realization of a computational model of fibre composite with elastomer matrix and on homogenization of properties of this composite. The work deals with computational modelling of strainstress states which arise in mechanical tests of composites. The composites investigated by mechanical tests comprise of hyperelastic rubber matrix and steel reinforcing fibres. Computational modelling is carried out at two levels of the model. First, with threedimensional modelling of fibres and matrix as two different materials and, second, using a homogenized model of composite; this constitutive model describes the composite as a homogeneous anisotropic material. It means that properties of fibres are encompassed into strain energy density by the mathematical formulation of the constitutive model. Further, the work deals with computational modelling of mechanical tests of hyperelastic isotropic materials used for identification of their material parameters and for verification of the selected constitutive model of material. For particular hyperelastic material, simulations of tests were carried out, namely of uniaxial tension, biaxial tension, uniaxial compression, biaxial compression, pure shear and uniaxial tension with constrained transversal strain (planar tension). Parameters of the constitutive model were determined of experimental input data. Verification of the constitutive model was carried out by comparison of the data acquired by experiments with the results of simulations of mechanical tests in FE program system Ansys. Then the authentic constitutive model of material was used for description of matrix behaviour in models of mechanical tests of composite material and results were compared with experimental data. Principal objectives which I want to attain are following: • to acquaint with the constitutive models of hyperelastic isotropic and anisotropic materials and identification of their perameters on base of mechanical tests. • to create computational models of testing specimens of composite “ rubber – steel fibre“ for different fibre arrangements and to use the created computational models in simulations of chosen tests. • to test the possibilities of computational modelling of composites with application of homogenized properties and to compare the results of both approaches. Results which were attained: • the computational models were created with the fibres modelled; the strain – stress characteristics are qualitatively corresponding to experiments, and quantitative difference is 20%  40% (see (4.3)). • the computational models based on homogenization of properties were tested and gave results corresponding to the models with modelled fibres (see (4.4)) with a good accuracy.
