National Repository of Grey Literature 50 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Subjectively perceived health and physical activity of the elderly compared to a fitness walk test.
Šmat, Václav ; Prajerová, Květa (advisor) ; Šteffl, Michal (referee)
Title: Subjectively perceived health fitness and physical activity of the elderly compared to a fitness walk test Objectives: The aim of this paper is to compare the subjectively perceived health (fitness) and physical activity with an actual fitness walk test done by students of the University of the Third Age, using the LTEQ and SF-12 questionnaires. Methods: There were 64 seniors who participated in this study (age 67,36 ± 3,55, height 1,67 ± 7,04 cm, weight 69,80 ± 9,9 kg). All of them students of the University of the Third Age, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University. Two types of Questionnaires were used: The Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire and A 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey, both of which are typically used to study the population of the elderly. A 2 km fitness walk test by Stejskal was used to gather data about aerobic fitness. The test took place at the athletic oval on the grounds of Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University. Polar S610i sporttester was used to measure heart rate. Statistic was used to calculate all SPSS 21. Results: The results proved a significant correspondence between the subjectively perceived amount of leisure physical activity and the aerobic fitness measured by the 2km fitness walk test - specifically regarding...
Influence of intervention program to improve the flat foot of junior footballers
Doskočilová, Anna ; Strnad, Pavel (advisor) ; Prajerová, Květa (referee)
Title: Influence of intervention program to improve the flat foot of junior footballers Objective: The aim of the bachelor thesis is to improve the condition of the flat foot of junior female football players for 3 months. Further inform respondents about the subsequent prevention of this disorder. The goal will be realized by a set intervention program, which the respondents will fulfill three times a week under my supervision and twice a week in their home. Methods: The measurement was based on the footprint on the plate. The intervention plan includes methods such as sensorimotor stimulation, exteroceptive and proprioceptive facilitation, the Bobaths concept, dermo-neuro muscular therapy and lower limb massage with the greatest focus on the sole of the foot, ankle joints and muscles in the lower leg area. After completing the 3-month intervention, the final measurement will be carried out again with the help of the footprint on the plate and the subsequent survey. Results: The results are presented in the form of graphs and tables. The Chippaux-Šmirák method will be used to obtain accurate data. After evaluating the results it was found, that after the first measurement, twelve out of thirteen footballers tested have flat foot. After the intervention, only two girls have a flat foot and only...
Use of compensatory exercises for footballers in the youth sports center
Florián, Richard ; Prajerová, Květa (advisor) ; Frýbort, Pavel (referee)
Title: Use of compensatory exercises for footballers in the youth sports center Objectives: The aim of the work is to identify the most common muscle imbalances and to create a compensation program for football players in the category of younger students U12 and U13 in the youth sports center. Methods: The research was based on the diagnosis of players using test exercises, which focused on the occurrence of muscle imbalances and erroneous movement stereotypes according to Bursová (2005), Hošková & Matoušová (2007) and Bursová et al. (2003). Detection was provided by selected functional muscle tests, which were applied in the input and output measurements. Correct performance of the exercise was evaluated as number 1. Incorrect performance was evaluated as number 2. After the initial measurement and evaluation of the degree of muscle imbalances, a compensation program was designed, whose primary task was to eliminate or alleviate muscle imbalances of individual players. The final measurement was used to verify the effectiveness of the compiled compensation program. A one - sample nonparametric Wilcoxon test was used in the work, the task of which was to confirm the validity of the used tests. Results: Due to the fact that the results of selected probands improved in most of the test exercises...
The influence of sports aerobics on posture and muscle balance
Papežová, Veronika ; Prajerová, Květa (advisor) ; Nováková, Pavlína (referee)
Title: The influence of sports aerobics on posture and muscle balance Aim: The aim of the thesis is to find out how aerobic gymnastics (sport aerobics) at the top level affects selected groups of muscles and posture of girls with more than 10 years of competing experience. The thesis compares the results of a group practicing aerobics with the results of a group of girls of the same age category, who engage in physical activities only during school physical education lessons. Characteristics: The diploma thesis deals with the effect of aerobic gymnastics on good posture. The basis for this thesis was obtained by testing selected shortened and weakend muscle groups. Two groups of girls were compared. The first group consisted of girls representing the Czech Republic at international championships and practicing aerobic gymnastics at the highest level for more than ten years. On the other hand, the second group consisted of subjects, who were engaged in physical activities only in physical education lessons in school. Methods: In the thesis there was used a qualitative research and delibarate selection of subjects. Selected tests evaluated posture according to Matthias according to Haladová, Nechvátalová (1997), with the help of lowered plumb line according to Kopecký (2010) and test exercises for...
The influence of sport aerobics on the posture
Papežová, Veronika ; Prajerová, Květa (advisor) ; Nováková, Pavlína (referee)
The thesis deals with the effect of sports aerobics on correct body posture. Two groups of probands will be compared based on testing. One group has been actively practicing sports aerobics for several years. On the other hand, the second group will include girls who do reacreational sports only. The first group consists of girls representing the Czech Republic at international competitions and practicing sports aerobics in the 1st performance class. The second group of probands consists of students of the 3rd year of the Secondary Vocational School, Sedlčany, Petra Bezruče 364. The thesis will focus on the comparison of the effect of sports aerobics on body posture. In addition, compensatory exercises will be designed to help to eliminate muscle imbalance. The thesis will introduce common exercise aids, which can affect the correct body posture and which can be used in exercises not only for sports aerobics training, but also within the classes of school physical education.
The Evaluation of the Current Situation of Posture and Flat Foot Occurrence among the Young, Engaged in the Sports and not Engaged in the Sports in the West Bohemia
Zeman, Martin ; Prajerová, Květa (advisor) ; Strnad, Pavel (referee)
Title: The Evaluation of the Current Situation of Posture and Flat Foot Occurrence among the Young, Engaged in the Sports and not Engaged in the Sports, in the West Bohemia Objectives: The main objective of this thesis is to find out the current situation of posture and flat feet occurrence and to evaluate these findings together with a questionnaire survey, focused on the physical activity among a representative sample of young people. Methods: The main methods used to find out the current state of posture were a Matthias' posture test and a diagnostic device for flat feet examination with a polarized light called a podoscope. Plantographs had been evaluated according to the Kapandji score (1985). By the means of the written questionnaire, a basic data about the probands were found out, especially about their interest in the physical activity and their involvement in the sport activity. To determine the optimal weight or overweight, the body mass index BMI was used. By the probands, the BMI was calculated from their recorded body weight and height, using the personal scale Salter 9204WH3R and standalone measure Tanita HR-001. Results: It was discovered 68 % of the tested probands have a faulty posture, and by 32 % of the probands, a flatfoot among 1ř to 3ř occurred. Next, it was found out that a...
Determination of the occurrence of poor posture and muscle imbalance of female students aged 15-19 and possibilities of influencing that by elements of health physical education
Grundová, Michaela ; Prajerová, Květa (advisor) ; Prokešová, Eva (referee)
Title: Determination of the occurrence of poor posture and muscle imbalance of female students agend 15-19 and possibilities of influencing that by elements of health physical education. Objectives: The aim of this study is determination of change in posture and muscle imbalance due to regural health exercise for the period of 3 months Methods: Klein, Thomas and Mayer test method was used to determine posture of each proband. Functional tests of muscles with tendency to shorten were performed according to Bursová (2005), Hošková and Matoušová (2000), Pernicová et al. (1993). Functional tests of muscles with a tendency to become flabby were tested according to Hošková and Matoušová (2000). The method of theoretical analysis and synthesis was used for the chapter "Piece of knowledge" (Štumbauer, 1990). The chapter "Knowledge of data" was processed by Microsoft Office Excel. One-piece non-parametric Wilcoxon test was used to verify the results. Results: In the chapter "Results" we find detailed information about probands, which we have gained from the questionnaire and from a personal interview. Each proband is discussed and evaluated by means of testing posture and muscle imbalance. Keywords: posture, muscle imbalance, muscle balance, testing, tight muscles, flabby muscles, health physical education,...
The influence of exercise on subjective perception of our own body in participants of the Feldenkrais method course
Havlíková, Karolína ; Vařeková, Jitka (advisor) ; Prajerová, Květa (referee)
Title of the thesis: The influence of exercise on subjective perception of our own body in participants of the Feldenkrais method course Aims of the thesis: The aim of this thesis was to deepen the theoretical knowledge of the Feldenkrais method, the basic anatomy of the cervical spine and the construction of the eye. Furthermore, the aim was to clarify the connection of eye movements and cervical spine, and define cervicoocular reflex, vestibuloocular reflex and whiplash syndrome. Then apply this knowledge and explain how one lesson of the Feldenkrais method affects the subjective perception of our own body, and how it can affect the magnitude of the cervical spine ranges. Method: It is a quantitative, experimental research. In the first part of the research, the questionnaire of own design monitored the effect of one lesson of the Feldenkrais method on the subjective perception of our own body in a group of 56 people aged 24 to 79 years, the lesson took part during a three-day course. In the second part of the research, the effect of one Feldenkrais method focused on the movement of eyes and cervical spine was studied in a group of 20 people aged 19 to 27 years. Data to this section was obtained based on input and output measurements using a measuring tape and a goniometer. In addition, a...
Compensation exercise like a supplement of young school age children in figure skating
Nowická, Eva ; Hráský, Pavel (advisor) ; Prajerová, Květa (referee)
Title: Compensatory exercise as a complement to the training schedule for children of younger school age in figure skating Objectives: The main objective of this work is to identify the most frequently occurring muscular dysbalance in the studied group of younger school-age figure skaters. Therefore, in order to find out the fundamental deficiencies, we used simple tests and based on the deficiencies, we created a buffer of compensatory exercises. We will verify the results using the same tests as at the beginning of the initial measurement after the three-month preparatory period. Methods: In my work I used a functional muscular test to assess the flexibility and examination of a physiotherapist with the help of the MFK system. We do not only measure the muscular strength of the main muscle in individual tests, but we also investigate and analyze the performance of the whole movement. Testing was attended by five figure skaters in the younger school age. Results: Initial testing took place at the start of the preparatory period. A 3-month compensation program was then applied and after the test, the probands were again tested to determine the effect. The results of this work are described in the tables. The result of this work is that the most problematic parts were the abdominal, back muscles and...
Relationship between aerobic endurance and static strength of elderly female athletes to selected anthropometric parameters
Toman Hrušková, Zdeňka ; Prajerová, Květa (advisor) ; Majorová, Simona (referee)
Title: Relation between aerobic endurance and static strength of elderly female athletes to selected anthropometric parameters. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyse an aerobic endurance, tested by 2 km walk test and static strength tested by prone bridge maneuver and to investigate any existing association to selected anthropometric parameters. These tests were undertaken by elderly female athletes studying U3A at the UK FTVS. Methods: 48 elderly female athletes (age 66,1±2,35, body height 1,67±0,064cm, body weight 69,80±10,42kg, waist circumference 88,82±10,64cm, body mass index (BMI) 25,10±3,62), studying U3V of UK FTVS at the time of taking the part in the research. The original sample of elderly athletes accounted for 86, but elderly athletes over age of 70 and athletes under heart - rate medication were excluded. Male athletes were also excluded for greater group compatibility. Measurement of aerobic endurance was realized by a 2 km walk test at the athletic stadium of UK FTVS according to Mr. Stejskal. Time and heart rate were scanned by sporttesters (PolarS610i). Static strength was measured by isometric method of prone bridge maneuver. Selected anthropometric parameters to the aerobic endurance and prone bridge maneuver were investigated. All data was processed using the...

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