National Repository of Grey Literature 9 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Microplastics and plastics from a legal perspective
Novák, Adam ; Damohorský, Milan (advisor) ; Fiala, Zdeněk (referee) ; Průchová, Ivana (referee)
Microplastics and plastics from a legal perspective Abstract The dissertation deals with the management of microplastics from a legal point of view, following the ever-increasing pollution of the environment by plastics. The issue of microplastics has not yet been dealt with at this level in the Czech environment. The dissertation is not aiming only at the management of primary microplastics, which is most often dealt with by existing legislation at the level of individual states, but also at the management of secondary microplastics, which have been so far legally dealt with only by indirect regulation (through limiting plastic waste as a source of this type microplastics). The aim of the work is primarily to create an overview of the existing legislation of the management of microplastics at the international and European level (including individual legislation of the EU member states). Based on this overview is made an analysis of this legislation and are formulated proposals and recommendations for improving the management of microplastics, especially to limit their release into the environment. The dissertation is divided into nine chapters: The first chapter is the introduction, in which the grasp of the topic, research questions and the structure of the work, including the methods used, are...
Legal regulation of nature and landscape protection in relation to location of roads
Chaloupková, Alena ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Průchová, Ivana (referee) ; Franková, Martina (referee)
Legal regulation of nature and landscape protection in relation to location of roads Abstract: The relationship between environmental protection and road construction often causes conflicts in society. This dissertation contributes to the discussion by focusing on the analysis of the legal regulation relating to nature and landscape protection in the processes of planning and location of new roads in the Czech Republic. This issue has not yet been comprehensively addressed. It, however, includes the following important questions: How is the route of a planned road lo- cated according to Czech law? How are nature and landscape protection requirements integrated into the location process? How is the issue of landscape fragmentation addressed in the process? What implications may have the current changes of the applicable law? The objective of the dissertation is to create a foundation for a formulation of recommendations aimed at optimiza- tion of the legal framework of nature and landscape protection in the relevant processes in order to ensure the most effective protection of this important public interest even if it has been de- cided to carry out the construction. The dissertation is divided into eight Chapters: The first Chapter includes an introduc- tion to the issue and formulates research questions...
Public participation in environmental decision-making processes
Hlaváčová, Lenka ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Průchová, Ivana (referee) ; Sobotka, Michal (referee)
Public participation in environmental decision-making processes Abstract The main goal of this dissertation is to analyse the current legal regulation of public participation in environmental decision-making processes and on the basis of such findings to contribute to the further development of this institute. Public participation in decision-making processes is an important tool for environmental protection, whether we look at it from the point of view of everyone's right to a favourable environment or as a separate value that needs to be protected for itself. It is a relatively new institute in the Czech legal system. Its gradual incorporation into Czech legislation has only occurred in the last 30 years, especially in connection with the Czech Republic's accession to the Aarhus Convention and the European Union. Despite its recognition at the international level, obligations arising for the Czech Republic from the Aarhus Convention and EU law and a number of benefits that come with it, the possibilities of the members of the public in the Czech Republic to participate in environmental decision-making has been significantly reduced in recent years. Therefore, in addition to the analysis of current legislation, the dissertation, to a limited extent, focus on the development of the institute of public...
Legal regulation of climate protection following the adoption of the Paris Agreement
Balounová, Eva ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Tomoszková, Veronika (referee) ; Průchová, Ivana (referee)
Legal regulation of climate protection following the adoption of the Paris Agreement Abstract The Paris Agreement was adopted on 12 December 2015 and became effective on 4 November 2016. The Agreement's central aim is to keep the increase in global average temperature well below 2žC above pre-industrial levels and to limit the increase to 1.5žC. The Agreement starts to apply in 2020. Under the Paris Agreement, each Party must communicate its nationally determined contributions, which will help to achieve the purpose of the Agreement. The aim of this thesis is to analyse the development of the legal protection of the Earth's climate system in the European Union after the adoption of the Paris Agreement. Part One is subdivided into four chapters. The first chapter is introductory and provides an overview of basic terminology, scientific knowledge and observed changes in climate and their impact. Chapter Two deals with the subject matter of international climate change law. Chapter Three deals with the legal sources of international law, in particular with international conventions. Legal principles are described there as well. Chapter Four looks at the historical development of the international protection of the climate. Also, it focuses on the analysis of the Paris Agreement. This chapter describes the...
Environmental Impact Assessment in International, European and Czech Law
Dvorská, Eliška ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Průchová, Ivana (referee) ; Dvořák, Libor (referee)
3 In recent years, the legislation on environmental impact assessment in the Czech Republic has undergone a great number of significant changes. The existing procedures in the EIA as well as in the subsequent authorization process have been substantially modified. The thesis aims to provide an overview of the EIA system in the Czech Republic, with particular regard to the recent changes made thereto. The thesis focuses on the main features of the EIA and analyses the institutes applied therein, considering the requirements of international and EU law and the conclusions of the judicial authorities or other independent bodies established to review the compliance with these requirements. Attention is paid not only to standard forms of assessment but also to special regimes in which certain project are assessed. The thesis also deals with the specifics that characterize the EIA procedure, such as public participation or impartiality and expertise of the assessment. The thesis identifies the pros and cons of the current legislation, including de lege ferenda proposals to address shortcomings where appropriate. Attention is also paid to the topics related to EIA currently discussed in the national, European and international fields, such as the streamlining trends which aim to enhance the quality and efficiency...
The protection and sustainable use of forests from the legal point of view
Bašný, Vojtěch ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Průchová, Ivana (referee) ; Franková, Martina (referee)
1 The protection and sustainable use of forests from the legal point of view Abstract The main goal of the dissertation is to provide a comprehensive analysis of fundamental sources of legal regulation of forest protection and sustainable use of forests, to identify main shortcomings of existing instruments and the possibilities to overcome these deficiencies in the future at the international level, European Union level, and the level of the Czech Republic. The dissertation deals first with the significance of the complex forest functions, through which the economic social, ecological, cultural and spiritual needs of the whole society are satisfied and are indispensable for all life on Earth. The legal regulation should strive to ensure the balanced use of forest functions by promoting the principles of sustainable forest management, the protection of forest functions and the general use of forest by the public. In view of the importance of forests beyond the borders of a state, the dissertation deals also with the status of the forest as a natural resource, which is fundamentally influenced by the principles of international and environmental law. In order to increase the responsibility of states for forest protection, it would help to regard forests as a natural resource of "common concern", the...
Land ownership right restrictions resulting from public law in the Czech Republic
Hoch, Jiří ; Drobník, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Průchová, Ivana (referee) ; Žákovská, Karolina (referee)
In the Czech Republic, the same way as it is in other democratic countries, the ownership right is recognized to be one of the fundamental human rights, and it is protected by legislation of a supreme legal force. Along with modern society development and for this reason it becomes more and more restricted. It is a long time ago, when the unlimited legal domain like theory of ownership rights in rem was forsaken. The restrictions are more numerous and intensive in case of land being subject to ownership rights. This results from many differences between land and other subjects of ownership. Limited and definitive land area, the fact that land is not relocatable as well as soil, being one of environmental elements, represent the most important ones. In one line with increasing amount of people on Earth and their increasing requirements on its usage, the land must fill constantly increasing needs for the welfare of increasing amount of people at the same time. The necessity of protection of environmental aspect of land and soil respectively, is still growing. For all those reasons, the restrictions and regulations on land ownership rights are to be put in place. When justified by public interest, the restrictions arise from public law legislation. Key words: land ownership, restriction, public interest
Discussion of the social reform in the academic milieu of the Habsburg Monarchy in the last third of the 19th century
Průchová, Ivana ; Štaif, Jiří (advisor) ; Raška, Jakub (referee)
Tato práce analyzuje intelektuální diskursy, jež se vztahují k sociální otázce a zároveň mají ambici poskytnout východiska k jejímu řešení. Práce se soustředí na období posledních desetiletí 19. století a omezuje se na německý a český kulturní prostor. orku zajímá, jak se prostřednictvím symbolického jazyka vědy a systému středostavovských hodnot konstituovaly normativní představy ideálním společenském vývoji teoretickými přístupy Michela Foucaulta a Reinharta Kosellecka, a proto nahlíží na jazykové symbolické reprezentace jako na struktury, jež společenský svět jednak reflektují, jednak také utvářejí tím, že ovlivňují sociální praxi. nejprve charakterizuje pojímání temporality v 19. století a v vyvstávající veřejné diskursy o stinných stránkách hospodářských a sociálních změn. Poté přistupuje k analýze pramenného materiálu, který sestává ze sociálně statistických studií či obecněji zaměřených prací sociálních vědců, povětšinou národohospodářů Klíčová Sociální otázka diskurs, hodnotový systém, dělník, pokrok
The remedial measures in the protection of the environment
Derlich, Stanislav ; Damohorský, Milan (advisor) ; Sobotka, Michal (referee) ; Průchová, Ivana (referee)
The remedial measures in the protection of the environment. This thesis focus on the remedial measures which belong to legal instruments and create an integral part of the public law. The public bodies, which are responsible for the enforcement of public interests, are in charge of enforcement of remedial measures to be done. As in the international law, the state is primarily responsible for remedying of damages arising from activities under its jurisdiction. Despite the remedial measures are incorporated into almost all legal enactments, the quality of the legislature is rather low and this legal tool has been beyond the academical interest. The remedial measures represent one of the most important instruments of the environment protection and are closely connected with the principles of the environment protection, i.e. the principle of the sustainable development, the polluter- pays principle, the preventive principle and the principle of the State responsibility. The remedial measures create a part of the measures within the environment protection, which primarily work as subsequent measures and partly as continuous and preventive ones. The remedial measures comprise different kinds of measures, the main goal of which is to remedy changes which are considered to be undesired from the legal and...

Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.