National Repository of Grey Literature 36 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Job opportunities for the people with vision disabilities
Jelínková, Kateřina ; Povolná, Pavla (advisor) ; Mertl, Jiří (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the issue of "Employment opportunities for the people with vision disabilities", which is examined theoretically and with the help of empirical research. The main goal of the work is make analysis of work opportunities and possibilities on the protected labor market and to define the factors that have a positive effect on obtaining contact with a potential employer and thus on the potential obtaining and maintenance of employment for people with vision disabilities in the Czech Republic. The work is based on theoretical starting points in the social field of employment of people with vision disabilities according to Bubeníková (2014) or according to O'Reilly (2018), and also on the social health field focused on the description of people with vision disabilities and the blind according to Ludíková (2005) and Novosada (2011) and also from the field of healthcare, specifically ophthalmology. I see this topic as important for improving the integration of disabled people into the labor process of the Czech Republic and improving job offers on the labor market. The other aim of the thesis is to map job opportunities for people with vision disabilities and define the factors that have a positive effect on getting in touch with a potential employer and thus also on offering a...
Informal care from the perspective of general practitioners
Hvojníková, Klára ; Povolná, Pavla (advisor) ; Vrzáček, Petr (referee)
This diploma thesis focuses on the process of informal care from the perspective of general practitioners and examines the key role they play in the initial phase of setting up the process of care in a home environment. Specifically, the thesis deals with providing information and advice at the beginning of home care, which is often considered by informal caregivers to be a crucial starting point that can significantly influence the further process of informal care and the fate of the patient and their relatives. The thesis also identifies barriers and points of friction that may arise between informal caregivers and general practitioners, as well as the consequences of insufficient information for informal caregivers. In most cases, insufficient information for caregivers leads to the premature termination of home-based care, without the use of all available support resources. The principle of subsidiarity can be violated. because relatives of informal caregivers may be therefore relocated to specialized residential facilities, or at the end of home care, they may be transferred to hospital facilities with no opportunity to pass away in a comfort of their own home, surrounded by family. The aim of the thesis is to contribute to the development of a strategy, or tactics, to improve cooperation and...
Social determinants of health in WHO documents
Vukadinović, Milica ; Povolná, Pavla (advisor) ; Lejsal, Matěj (referee)
This master thesis examines some social factors in chosen documents of the World Health Organization and in the strategic plans of the Czech Republic. The method used to examine these social factors is thematic analysis. Furthermore, the plans of the Czech Republic and the WHO documents are compared through a qualitative comparative analysis. The aim of the master thesis is to describe how the social factors of health are reflected in selected WHO documents and in the national strategic and action plans for health promotion in the Czech Republic. A sub-objective of the thesis is to present in which areas social workers can be involved in the protection and promotion of public health and what competences they need for this. Based on the research, recommendations for future practice are presented. The examination of documents and plans shows the importance of shaping community care and further improving the quality of primary health care in the Czech Republic. Keywords: Social determinants of health, the health care system, social workers' competences and health promotion in social work
Crisis management during Covid-19 pandemic - with a focus on multidisciplinary team cooperation
Beneš, David ; Povolná, Pavla (advisor) ; Hradcová, Dana (referee)
Thesis title: Crisis management during the covid-19 pandemic with a focus on multidisciplinary cooperation. The main goal this thesis will be to describe, through a case study, the most serious problems in the implementation of a change in crisis management during the covid-19 pandemic, with a focus on a multidisciplinary team at a large, faculty organization providing health care. Following this (descriptive) part of the goal, my next ambition is to formulate factors that would facilitate the implementation of similar crisis measures in relation to employees in a multidisciplinary team in the next period (wave). The members of the multidisciplinary team of the faculty, medical facility of the Czech Republic were selected as the examined sample for my empirical part of the work. The problem to be solved, which I focused on, is the reaction of individuals in a multidisciplinary team to change, or methods and potential pitfalls of coping with a crisis situation, a suddenly arising epidemiological problem. In this work, I will continue to draw on my own experience, the experience of an employee in the researched organization. For the purpose of determining the monitored areas of change, I will use my "field" notes from the period of my active work as a member of the COVID team and the analysis of data...
The influence of social factors on the nutritional status of dialysis patients
Boček, Petr ; Povolná, Pavla (advisor) ; Janečková, Hana (referee)
Aim of the thesis: The aim of this thesis was to find out what social factors influence the nutritional status of dialysis patients. The theoretical part deals with nutritional therapy as a part of complex care, linking the social sphere and human health, including a separate chapter on dialysis patients. The practical part then examines the aforementioned influence of social factors on the nutritional and overall health status of patients. Methods: A qualitative methodology of semi-structured interviews with six informants from a hemodialysis center and one social worker from the same facility was used for the research. An open coding technique was used followed by sorting into categories. Results: According to the interviews and follow-up categories, each core theme is discussed using specific quotes from informants, including the social worker's perspective on the issue. Conclusion: The discussion concludes with recommendations for practice that could improve and streamline the overall care of dialysis patients from a social-health perspective, such as interpersonal competence education, greater use of the social worker's offer, standardization of social care in the field, or the creation of support materials for patients. Keywords: social factor; nutritional care; dialysis; nutritional and...
Aspects influencing the participation of accompanying pediatric pacients and members of the muktidisciplinary team of non-medical health professionals during hospitalization in University Hospital in Motol
Otáhalová, Klára ; Povolná, Pavla (advisor) ; Brnula, Peter (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the possibilities of participation of the parents or other close persons of the patients during the hospitalization of the child. The aim of the diploma thesis is to map the aspects that influencers participate in. The diploma thesis is divided into a theoretical and a practical part. In the theoretical part, I focus on theoretical knowledge related to the topic. The empirical part is processed using the method of qualitative research using semistructured interviews. The information found during the research investigation is compared in the discussion with theoretical anchoring of the topic. Keywords: hospitalization of child, accompanying a child patient, participation, participation in care, multidisciplinary team
Informal care from the perspective of general practitioners
Hvojníková, Klára ; Povolná, Pavla (advisor) ; Janečková, Hana (referee)
This diploma thesis focuses on the process of informal care from the perspective of general practitioners and examines the key role they play in the initial phase of setting up the care process in a home environment. Specifically, the thesis deals with providing information and advice at the beginning of home care, which is often considered by informal caregivers to be a crucial starting point that can significantly influence the further process of informal care and the fate of the patient and their relatives. The thesis also identifies barriers and points of friction that may arise between informal caregivers and general practitioners, as well as the consequences of insufficient information for informal caregivers. In most cases, insufficient information for caregivers leads to premature termination of care in the home environment, without the use of all available support resources. This violates the principle of subsidiarity, as relatives of informal caregivers may be therefore relocated to specialized residential facilities, or at the end of home care, they may be transferred to hospital facilities with no opportunity to pass away in comfort of their own home, surrounded by family. Instead, they may be left alone in a hospital or other specialized institution. The aim of this thesis is to...
Possibilities of multidisciplinary cooperation in the field of solving pediatric feeding disorders
Bodečková, Denisa ; Povolná, Pavla (advisor) ; Čajko Eibicht, Monika (referee)
This thesis deals with the problem of pediatric feeding disorders. It brings the unique experience of formal and informal caregivers of children with feeding difficulties. The aim of the thesis is to describe the current management of pediatric feeding disorders and to identify the possibilities of multidisciplinary collaboration among health and social care professionals. The partial goal of the work is to describe and compare pediatric feeding disorder in different contexts, to identify the roles of individual professions and other actors in solving this problem and, last but not least, to identify needs based on specific people's experiences. This thesis is processed by the method of interpretive phenomenological analysis. The theoretical part defines the term pediatric feeding disorder and related terminology with reference to the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. It also focuses on the possible causes of the disorder, its prevalence, and socio-economic impacts. It presents the role of health and social care professionals. Attention is paid to the methods and possibilities of child and family support and the accessibility of care in the Czech Republic and abroad. The empirical part presents the experiences and needs of formal and informal caregivers of...
Business plan for establishing a new mobile hospice
Doleželová, Marta ; Povolná, Pavla (advisor) ; Krejčí, Jiří (referee)
The subject of this thesis is the area of hospice palliative care, the aim of which is the procedure, compilation and evaluation of a business plan for the establishment of a new mobile hospice in the capital of the Czech Republic, Prague. The thesis is divided into the theoretical and practical parts. The theoretical part deals with a systematic and comprehensive clarification of the issue of palliative medicine in the health care system and the definition of important aspects in the process of business planning in relation to the topic and the specifics of providing a service in palliative healthcare. In order to achieve the objective, the practical part uses empirical evidence from a field survey of selected mobile hospices and identifies, through semi-structured questionnaires and interviews, the barriers that the interviewed organisations evaluate as problematic and which are a valuable source of information for the future practice of newly established hospice facilities. These experiences are evaluated at the end of the practical part of the thesis and become the basis for the development of a specific business plan for the new service. Keywords: palliative care, mobile specialist palliative care, hospice, business plan - the creation of a new service (mobile hospice). 1
Social isolation during Covid-19 pandemic: the perspective of the elderly living alone
Picková, Šárka ; Povolná, Pavla (advisor) ; Lejsal, Matěj (referee)
This thesis concerns the problem of social isolation in older adults living alone. It authentically captures the unique experience of older people during the Covid-19 pandemic. The aim of this work is to understand whether older people think their needs changed during the period of Covid-19 pandemic in comparison with the time before it, and moreover to formulate recommendations for field workers providing health and social services, general practitioners and municipalities with extended powers. This thesis is processed by the method of interpretive phenomenological analysis. The theoretical part presents a view of social isolation in older adults, risk factors leading to it and possibilities of prevention through various social institutions. It focuses not only on the period of the Covid-19 pandemic when the risk of social isolation was significantly influenced by the emergency measures against the spread of the diseases but also on the period before its onset. The empirical part presents the issue of social isolation of older adults during the Covid-19 pandemic from the perspective of the adults themselves. The research survey is supplemented with the experience of experts working with the target group of older adults. The real experience of participants in the research survey shows that the...

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