National Repository of Grey Literature 250 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Fiscal and Budget council as actor in Public Policy
Pokorný, Jan ; Ochrana, František (advisor) ; Kotherová, Zuzana (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the issue of fiscal and budget councils. The aim of the work is the analysis of the Czech Fiscal Council, which was established in 2018 and is a new element in the Czech system of fiscal and budgetary policy. Firstly, basic concepts such as public finance, fiscal and budgetary policy are defined. Subsequently, the sources of inefficiency are introduced, which affect the emergence of fiscal imbalances, and thus public debt. The basic idea for the establishment of fiscal and budget councils is the concept of Fiscal Governance, which can be divided into rules excepting to the councils. Numerical rules are currently a frequently used tool for assessing fiscal discipline. These rules are complemented by councils, which act as independent institutions. Due to the recent emergence, the practical part of the work analyses the Czech Fiscal Council regarding the foreign experience of independent fiscal and budget councils. Based on the results, it can be stated, that the Czech Fiscal Council does not deviate from the existing experience, on the contrary, it fits appropriately into this portfolio.
Biomechanical aspects of the dynamics of intracranial pressure in traumatic brain injury
Mayer, Martin ; Jelen, Karel (advisor) ; Maršík, František (referee) ; Pokorný, Jan (referee)
Title: Biomechanical aspects of the dynamics of intracranial pressure in traumatic brain injury Author: Ing. Martin Mayer e-mail: Department: Department of Anatomy and Biomechanics Supervisor: doc. PaedDr. Karel Jelen, CSc. This PhD thesis "Biomechanical aspects of the dynamics of intracranial pressure in traumatic brain injury" is about the dynamics of intracranial pressure, particularly in relation to the external mechanical action of the patient. Severe head injury is the leading cause of death in patients under 35 years of age. Despite constantly-improving medical and nursing care only one third of patients, after recovery, regained the ability to live independently in the long term. Two-thirds of patients were severely disabled or died. The lifetime cost of such a patient who was not completely cured has been calculated to be $4,000,000. A significant consequence of craniocerebral injuries are secondary brain lesions, which among other means the rise in intracranial pressure (ICP), which can further exacerbate due to intracerebral or extracerebral causes. Therefore, the objective of the treatment is minimizing secondary injury, optimally at the phase of the primary lesion. However, realization of this requirement, about which we can say that is a conditio sine qua non, sometimes leads...
Stress and stress of emergency workers with the potential result of the/ burnout syndrome - the possibility of early diagnosis, treatment and prevention
Šeblová, Jana ; Kebza, Vladimír (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee) ; Pokorný, Jan (referee)
The study was divided into 3 phases: the first stage was to create a simple and easy to use method to diagnose early signs of burnout and a sample of emergency services workers from the Czech Republic this methodology to verify and create a basis for future standardization. Furthermore, to determine the extent of exposure predefined risk factors (such indicators have been selected mass transport accident deaths of young people, treatment of burn trauma, death or severe injury collaborator) and his own threat level, associated with their work. The last of the surveyed areas were sources of stress and sources of satisfaction associated with the profession, as seen by the workers themselves. In the second part of the study should be developed in conjunction with the management of emergency services in place preventive programs and some programs, crisis intervention into practice. The third phase of the study should examine whether these support services affect the incidence of psychological manifestations of burnout and may help to reduce the psychological burden in terms of emergency services.
Verification of metabolism prediction based on performed activity
Kopecký, David ; Pokorný, Jan (referee) ; Kopečková, Barbora (advisor)
Nowadays, metabolic rate or energy expenditure in general is one of the most discussed topics, especially in connection with a healthy lifestyle. Nevertheless, the metabolic rate can be used as a relatively accurate indicator of physical or thermal load as well. Usually, the value of metabolic rate is used as input into various physiological models. These models estimate the body’s thermal stress, for instance when working in a protective suit. The thesis deals not only with tabulated values of metabolic rate, but it also focuses on the accuracy of estimated metabolic rate using simple measuring devices. The Apple Watch Series 4 smartwatch, the Garmin Fenix 6 Pro Glass sports tester, and the Fitbit Inspire smart sports bracelet were used for the measurements published in the thesis. The results of the measurements show that contemporary sports testers are still inappropriate for use in healthcare or elite sports.
Deposition of inhaled particles in a model of child lungs
Čederle, Jakub ; Pokorný, Jan (referee) ; Lízal, František (advisor)
This thesis presents a summary of research of deposition of inhaled particles in children’s respiratory system which was mainly conducted on realistic model of children's lungs. Experimental part introduces BUT model representing airways of 5-years-old child which served for measurements of regional deposition. Bachelor's thesis furthermore sums up basic knowledge of respiratory system and points out anatomical and physiological differences between children and adults in given field. There are described basic deposition mechanisms and their impact on aerosol therapy as well.
Development of a methodology for calculating the residual stresses of a weldment in the Salome Meca software environment
Babišta, Jan ; Pokorný, Jan (referee) ; Vosynek, Petr (advisor)
The usage of welding in the process of manufacturing has become very widespread, mainly due to its low cost, versatility and the possibility of its automation. With its expansion comes higher demand for the possibilities of weld evaluation during the phase of design. Nowadays its possible to use tools based on finite element method for such evaluation. But the most commonly used tools are often very expensive. Therefore, the possibility of using Open-Source tool such as Salome-Meca to simulate the welding process as an alternative to commercial software was investigated. The first part of the work deals with the welding process and a description of the formation of residual stresses and deformations. It also deals with the description of the Salome-Meca software environment and the Code-Aster solver. In the next part the capabilities of the software in relation to problem of welding simulation are discussed. Furthermore, the goemetry of solved weldment, welding conditions, material properties and boundary conditions of the calculation are described. And finally, the individual solutions, their results and disadvantages of used approaches.
Ernst Cassirer and ethnolinguistics
Pokorný, Jan ; Vrhel, František (advisor) ; Korecká, Zuzana (referee)
Ernst Cassirer dealt the linguistic form to make his point and document the thesis of his culture philosophy. In addition to the common philosophic idealism working on the I. Kant's philosophy, first of all it was the idea of the cultural heterogenity, its purpose and common trend of its development. His ideas concerning the relation of mind and symbolic forms can be compared with the modern lines of the cognitive science, first of all connectionism and enactivism. The language according to Ernst Cassirer has got other fonction than the other cultural forms and these functions influence its form. The language according to Cassier does not present a copy of the reality but it includes a specific way of the conceptualisation for which is typical greater concretedness unlike other cultural forms. On this basis Cassirer creates evolutionary succession of linguistic phenomenons that supposes lower position of the non- European languages. Although some similar attempts can be traced nowadays, it is not possible to accept Cassirer's linguistic evolutionism or another one. The features of primitivism and forwardness cannot be generalized for any division of primitive and forward languages and the forwardness criterions used by Cassirer do not fit. Cassirer's idea of the linguistic development approximately...
EMG study: Nordic hamstring exercises vs. isometric training
Kudláček, Jiří ; Slabý, Kryštof (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jan (referee)
Bibliographical record: KUDLÁČEK, Jiří. EMG study: Nordic hamstring exercises vs. isometric training. Prague: Charles Univerzity, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Department of Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, 2020, 79p. Supervisor MUDr. Kryštof Slabý. Abstract This thesis is an EMG study, which examines an electric activity of knee flexors and m. quadriceps femoris during 3 types of exercises: Nordic hamstring exercise, single leg sliding leg curl, and isometric contraction. The theoretical part summarizes anatomy, physiology, and kinesiology of the musculoskeletal system, as well as the principle of surface EMG. In the experimental part, the EMG study was conducted on 20 healthy individuals aged 20 to 30 years-old. Each patient underwent an applied kinesiology procedure and subsequently went through an 16 channel surface EMG technique. The aim of this work is to compare the maximal and average value of the EMG amplitude of particular muscles during each exercise. While providing Nordic hamstring exercise and single leg slide, the light was shed on a question of whether there is a statistically significant difference between activation of m. biceps femoris and m. semitendinosus in terms of EMG values. The following phase of the thesis scrutinized the timing of hamstring muscles during Nordic hamstring...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 250 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
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