National Repository of Grey Literature 15 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The possibilities of influencing walking stereotypes with botulinum toxin
Kolářová, Edita ; Angerová, Yvona (advisor) ; Pochylová, Barbora (referee)
Title: The possibilities of influencing walking stereotypes with botulinum toxin Abstract: The thesis is focused on finding opportunities to influence the walking stereotype of patients suffering from spasticity of the lower limbs by botulinum toxin. The aim of thesis is to compare the quality of walking stereotype of these patients before and after the application of botulinum toxin by using a standardized test intended to evaluate the walk and based on the results to evaluate the effect of botulinum toxin on the walking stereotype. While reading the theoretical part the reader is familiar with the basic concepts related to the problems such as spasticity, botulinum toxin and walking stereotype. The scales evaluating the muscle tone are subsequently described (The Modified Ashworth scale, The Tardieu Scale) and of course the scales evaluating the walking stereotype are also mentioned (Rancho Los Amigos Gait Analysis Form, Gait Assessment Rating Scale, Rivermead Visual Gait Assessment, Tinetti Balance And Gait Evaluation). Scales evaluating the walking stereotype are also described in detail at thesis, their pros and cons are highlighted and upon the preferences of the author, one of these scales is selected to be applied in the practical part. The practical part is composed of case studies of two patients...
Influencing gait stereotype in post-stroke patients with unstable knee joint through physiotherapy
Plevová, Kristýna ; Pochylová, Barbora (advisor) ; Šenderová, Karolína (referee)
The title of the work: Influencing gait stereotype in post stroke patients with unstable knee joint through physiotherapy Abstract: Physiotherapy with patients after a vascular brain stroke is a complex process which requires multidiscplinary care. The aim of this Bachelor thesis is to find out whether it is possible to influence instability of the knee joint with the hemiparetic patiens by means of physiotherapy. The objectivity of results has been ensured by the implementation of standardized tests: the Rivermead visual gait assessment and the Timed Up and Go Test. The theoretical part focuses on the issue of vascular brain strokes, functional anatomy of the knee joint, the gait cycle and its analysis, the pathological gait stereotype with hemiparetic patients and the possibility of the unstable knee joint therapy with these patiens. In the practical section I described the methodology, the methods used during the research, the aim of this thesis and the research sample. A part of this section are two case studies and the description of their therapy development. By means of a standardized test and a video recording of the patients'gait I compared the stability of the knee joint before and after the therapy. The results have answered the basic questions asked in this thesis. Key words: hemiparetic...
The observation of the influence of Vojta's reflex locomotion on the activity of the shoulder girdle's muscles with surface electromyography
Pochylová, Barbora ; Valouchová, Petra (advisor) ; Zounková, Irena (referee)
The aim of this thesis was to evaluate the influence of Vojta's reflex locomotion on the activity of the shoulder girdle's muscles with surface electromyography. We also observed the activity of some of the trunk's muscles. We tested phasic and support function of the upper extremity in several movements on 15 healthy people. It didn't bring many significant values. It could be caused by different sensitivities of the participants for the stimulation, the short time of the stimulation, individual motoric stereotypes or not so strongly expressed muscle dysbalantion within healthy individuals.
Influencing the gait pattern in hemiparesis patients after stroke employing some aspects of Bobath concept.
Srp, Martin ; Pochylová, Barbora (advisor) ; Pitrmanová, Věra (referee)
The title of the work: Influencing the gait pattern in hemiparesis patiens after stroke employing some aspects of Bobath concept Abstract: The aim of this work is to objectify the success of the Bobath Concept in treatment of the gait pattern in hemiparetic patients after stroke. Objectification is performed by two standardized tests evaluating the quality and function of the gait - The Timed up and go test and The Rivermead visual gait assessment. In the theoretical part, the author discusses general problems of stroke, definition and general characteristics of the gait, stereotype of pathological gait in hemiparetic patients, the theoretical basis and fundamental principles of The Bobath Concept. The author is also giving examples of toolless for evaluation of the quality and function of the gait, represented by Timed up and go test, six and twelve minute walking test, Rivermead visual gait assessment, Rancho Los Amigos gait analysis form. The practical part describes the methodology of the work, used methods, the main question of this work and the definition of the research sample. It also consists of case reports and therapeutic algorithms of two hemiparetic patients after the stroke. The gait is evaluated before and after the therapy using standardized tests and the main question of this work is...
Functions of diaphragm mainly as a part of deep stabilizing system
Rolková, Pavlína ; Táborská, Silvie (advisor) ; Pochylová, Barbora (referee)
The diaphragm is a flat muscle that separates the abdominal cavity from the chest cavity. It is shaped like a double domed vault, arched high in the chest. In addition to the best-known function as the main breathing muscle, the diaphragm has an effect on blood circulation in the body for proper function of the abdominal organs, breathing, complicit excretory processes and also helps in childbirth. It is therefore not neglect its function mainly visceral and postural function, which is recently very popular, exploration and is the main topic of this thesis. The diaphragm is one of the components of the deep spinal stabilizing system, whose activation is very effective in removing unwanted functional changes in the musculoskeletal system. Part of this work is the examination of the active involvement of the diaphragm to the correct breathing stereotype and tests to activate the deep stabilizing system of the selected individuals. Key words: diaphragm - breathing - posture - posture stabilization - deep stabilising system- diaphragm test - tests from australian school Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Influence of physical activity on changes in skeletal muscle mass after brain injury
Prunerová, Anna ; Táborská, Silvie (advisor) ; Pochylová, Barbora (referee)
of bachelor thesis Title of bachelors thesis: Influence of physical activity on changes in skeletal muscle mass after brain injury Abstract: Bachelor thesis concerns with resulting of muscle mass after four weeks of physical acitivity doing. There were chosen patients with traumatic brain lesion and with hemiparetic stroke. The thesis is divided in two parts, theoretical and practical. Theoretical part is belonged to brain injury etiology. The attention is on hemiparetic stroke and traumatic brain lesion. Then there is described the architecture of skeletal muscle and there are included changes, which can be established on it. A part of it there is correct physical activity, which is indicated to these patients. In this thesis there is also explaining of biological impedance analysis and instruments, which were used during detection of results. In practical part there is concerned a metodology of thesis. Criteria of selection of patients, analysis and data processing are included. There are casuistries of three patients, one woman and two men after brain injury. Casuistries concern apart of anamnesis, entrance and output kinesiology examination also a measure of bioimpedance, which is important in this thesis for finding of influence of physical activity on muscle mass. Key words: Brain injury,...
Influencing gait stereotype in post-stroke patients with unstable knee joint through physiotherapy
Plevová, Kristýna ; Pochylová, Barbora (advisor) ; Šenderová, Karolína (referee)
The title of the work: Influencing gait stereotype in post stroke patients with unstable knee joint through physiotherapy Abstract: Physiotherapy with patients after a vascular brain stroke is a complex process which requires multidiscplinary care. The aim of this Bachelor thesis is to find out whether it is possible to influence instability of the knee joint with the hemiparetic patiens by means of physiotherapy. The objectivity of results has been ensured by the implementation of standardized tests: the Rivermead visual gait assessment and the Timed Up and Go Test. The theoretical part focuses on the issue of vascular brain strokes, functional anatomy of the knee joint, the gait cycle and its analysis, the pathological gait stereotype with hemiparetic patients and the possibility of the unstable knee joint therapy with these patiens. In the practical section I described the methodology, the methods used during the research, the aim of this thesis and the research sample. A part of this section are two case studies and the description of their therapy development. By means of a standardized test and a video recording of the patients'gait I compared the stability of the knee joint before and after the therapy. The results have answered the basic questions asked in this thesis. Key words: hemiparetic...
Functions of diaphragm mainly as a part of deep stabilizing system
Rolková, Pavlína ; Táborská, Silvie (advisor) ; Pochylová, Barbora (referee)
The diaphragm is a flat muscle that separates the abdominal cavity from the chest cavity. It is shaped like a double domed vault, arched high in the chest. In addition to the best-known function as the main breathing muscle, the diaphragm has an effect on blood circulation in the body for proper function of the abdominal organs, breathing, complicit excretory processes and also helps in childbirth. It is therefore not neglect its function mainly visceral and postural function, which is recently very popular, exploration and is the main topic of this thesis. The diaphragm is one of the components of the deep spinal stabilizing system, whose activation is very effective in removing unwanted functional changes in the musculoskeletal system. Part of this work is the examination of the active involvement of the diaphragm to the correct breathing stereotype and tests to activate the deep stabilizing system of the selected individuals. Key words: diaphragm - breathing - posture - posture stabilization - deep stabilising system- diaphragm test - tests from australian school Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Home therapy of patient with utilization of stabilometric platform
Řeháková, Tereza ; Janatová, Markéta (advisor) ; Pochylová, Barbora (referee)
The theme of this thesis is using stabilometric platform Nintendo Wii Balance Board to home therapy of balance. The therapy utilizes visual biofeedback. Visual biofeedback is important for maintaining balance. All the studies which were used in this work and deal with this issue, are demonstrating the positive impact of visual feedback for stability. Authors of numerous studies indicate the possibility of using commercial gaming system for this type of therapy. They often mention Kinect, Nintendo and PlayStation. These gaming systems are based on virtual reality which allows to expose the patient to situations that are difficult for them. It enables the training of these situations. Nowadays, the difficulty of created situations is the subject of many discussions. Fast interaction is often necessary for commercial games, and therefore they may not always be an appropriate therapy tools. On this initiative, special programs were created and designed specifically for the therapy. The theoretical part describes three programs which are useful for home therapy of stability or have the potential for that. These programs are HomeBalance, Easy Balance Virtual Rehabilitation (eBaViR) and The Intelligent Game Engine for Rehabilitation (IGER). In the practical part is verified the effect of this therapy on two...

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