National Repository of Grey Literature 6 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Study of regulatory mechanisms of selected protein kinases
Petrvalská, Olívia
Through binding interactions with more than 300 binding partners, 14-3-3 proteins regulate large amount of biologically relevant processes, such as apoptosis, cell cycle progression, signal transduction or metabolic pathways. The research discussed in this dissertation thesis was focussed on investigating the role of 14-3-3 proteins in the regulation of two selected protein kinases ASK1 and CaMKK2. The main goal was to elucidate the mechanisms by which phosphorylation and 14-3-3 binding regulate functions of these protein kinases using various biochemical and biophysical methods, such as site-directed mutagenesis, enzyme activity measurements, analytical ultracentrifugation, small-angle X-ray scattering, chemical crosslinking, nuclear magnetic resonance and fluorescence spectroscopy. A structural model of the complex between the catalytic domain of protein kinase ASK1 with 14-3-3ζ, which was calculated using the small-angle X-ray scattering and chemical crosslinking data, suggested that this complex is conformationally heterogeneous in solution. This structural model together with data from time-resolved fluorescence and nuclear magnetic resonance suggested that the 14-3-3ζ protein interacts with the catalytic domain of ASK1 in the close vicinity of its active site, thus indicating that the complex...
Expression and purification of recombinant proteins of human Aichi virus and other kobuviruses
Ludvík, Tomáš ; Bouřa, Evžen (advisor) ; Petrvalská, Olívia (referee)
Viral 2Apro plays many important functions in the life cycle of virus. It is protease that is involved in the cleavage of the viral polyprotein in the VP1/2A region. The structure of protein contains active site, thanks to this the protein is able to bind various substrates in the host cell, which is essential for viral infection. With the help of 2Apro , the virus can bypass the host immune response and stop the production of key host proteins. Therefore, 2Apro is suitable target for antiviral intervention. In this work were prepared two recombinant proteins from Aichi virus and Coxsackievirus B3. These are viruses of the family Picornaviridae, which belong among the human pathogens that in some cases cause serious diseases. Aichi virus is the cause of gastroenteritis and Coxsackievirus B3 in the worst cases causes dilated cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy leads to poor heart function due to it is enlargement and can lead to heart failure. (In Czech) Key words: recombinant proteins, 2Apro , Aichi virus, Coxsackievirus B3
Study of regulatory mechanisms of selected protein kinases
Petrvalská, Olívia
Through binding interactions with more than 300 binding partners, 14-3-3 proteins regulate large amount of biologically relevant processes, such as apoptosis, cell cycle progression, signal transduction or metabolic pathways. The research discussed in this dissertation thesis was focussed on investigating the role of 14-3-3 proteins in the regulation of two selected protein kinases ASK1 and CaMKK2. The main goal was to elucidate the mechanisms by which phosphorylation and 14-3-3 binding regulate functions of these protein kinases using various biochemical and biophysical methods, such as site-directed mutagenesis, enzyme activity measurements, analytical ultracentrifugation, small-angle X-ray scattering, chemical crosslinking, nuclear magnetic resonance and fluorescence spectroscopy. A structural model of the complex between the catalytic domain of protein kinase ASK1 with 14-3-3ζ, which was calculated using the small-angle X-ray scattering and chemical crosslinking data, suggested that this complex is conformationally heterogeneous in solution. This structural model together with data from time-resolved fluorescence and nuclear magnetic resonance suggested that the 14-3-3ζ protein interacts with the catalytic domain of ASK1 in the close vicinity of its active site, thus indicating that the complex...
Study of regulatory mechanisms of selected protein kinases
Petrvalská, Olívia ; Obšil, Tomáš (advisor) ; Jiráček, Jiří (referee) ; Schneider, Bohdan (referee)
Through binding interactions with more than 300 binding partners, 14-3-3 proteins regulate large amount of biologically relevant processes, such as apoptosis, cell cycle progression, signal transduction or metabolic pathways. The research discussed in this dissertation thesis was focussed on investigating the role of 14-3-3 proteins in the regulation of two selected protein kinases ASK1 and CaMKK2. The main goal was to elucidate the mechanisms by which phosphorylation and 14-3-3 binding regulate functions of these protein kinases using various biochemical and biophysical methods, such as site-directed mutagenesis, enzyme activity measurements, analytical ultracentrifugation, small-angle X-ray scattering, chemical crosslinking, nuclear magnetic resonance and fluorescence spectroscopy. A structural model of the complex between the catalytic domain of protein kinase ASK1 with 14-3-3ζ, which was calculated using the small-angle X-ray scattering and chemical crosslinking data, suggested that this complex is conformationally heterogeneous in solution. This structural model together with data from time-resolved fluorescence and nuclear magnetic resonance suggested that the 14-3-3ζ protein interacts with the catalytic domain of ASK1 in the close vicinity of its active site, thus indicating that the complex...
Preparation and characterization of the catalytic domain of human protein kinase ASK1.
Petrvalská, Olívia ; Obšil, Tomáš (advisor) ; Pavlíček, Jiří (referee)
Protein kinase ASK1 (apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1) is a member of the mitogen- activated protein kinase kinase kinase (MAP3K) family and plays a crucial role in immune and stress responses. Since the increased activity of ASK1 has been linked to the development of several diseases including cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, this enzyme is a promising target for therapeutical intervention in these pathologies. The molecule of ASK1 consists of 1374 amino acid residues, but catalytic activity possesses only a kinase domain located approximately in the middle of the molecule. The activity of ASK1 is regulated by interactions with various proteins including the 14-3-3 protein. This protein recognizes a phosphorylated motif around Ser966 at the C-terminus of the catalytic domain of ASK1. This binding interaction inhibits ASK1 through unknown mechanism. ASK1 under stress conditions, such as oxidative stress, is dephosphorylated at Ser966 and the 14-3-3 protein dissociates. This dissociation is then one of the factors that lead to the activation of ASK1. The aim of this diploma thesis was to prepare a complex of the catalytic domain of ASK1 with the 14-3-3 protein for subsequent structural studies. Both proteins were expressed in E. coli cells and successfully purified. In...
Prolyl endopeptidase from the tick Ixodes ricinus
Petrvalská, Olívia ; Konvalinka, Jan (advisor) ; Ryšlavá, Helena (referee)
The ticks are important blood-feeding parasites and vectors of pathogens. The hard tick Ixodes ricinus is the most common species in the Czech Republic that transmits Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis. Proteases of the ticks are potential drug targets for the development of new vaccines against these parasites. This work is focused on biochemical analysis of a prolyl endopeptidase from I. ricinus, which has not been studied so far. The prolyl endopeptidase was identified in the extract from the tick gut tissue by the measurement of enzyme activity and by visualization on SDS-PAGE after labelling with activity-based probe. The tick prolyl endopeptidase is probably involved in the proteolytic digestion of host blood proteins based on the highest specific activity found in the gut tissue and its upregulation during the blood-feeding period. Biochemical analysis showed that the enzymatic activity of prolyl endopeptidase is (1) dependent on a free cysteine residue in a close proximity of the active site, (2) optimal at a pH range between 8 and 9, and (3) selectively inhibited by peptide inhibitors Z-Ala-Pro-CMK and Z-Pro-Pro-CHO. Key words: prolyl endopeptidase, proteolysis, enzyme activity, substrate specificity, tick (In Czech)

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