National Repository of Grey Literature 24 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Sovereignty and constitutional democracy
Gümplová, Petra ; Petrusek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Linek, Lukáš (referee)
The goal of this thesis is to rearticulate the discourse of sovereignty in political theory and to outline a model of sovereignty compatible with premises and institutions of constitutional democracy. The underlying assumption of my project is that sovereignty is an indispensable feature of modern political order and that tendencies to move beyond sovereignty are based on the misunderstanding of the concept. Inspired by Habermas's theory, my reconstruction of sovereignty will focus on the idea of co-originality and mutual containment of legal and political process and on the discursive- proceduralist conception of political autonomy which articulates a normative dimension of my understanding of sovereignty. An attempt to develop the framework of a normative theory of sovereignty is meant to redeem the discourse of sovereignty against its critics while at the same time revoke authoritarian implications based on sovereignty claims. The project of rearticulation of sovereignty is meant as a contribution to the theory of constitutional democracy.
theory of value and money in George Simmel filosophy of money
Bůžek, Lukáš ; Balon, Jan (advisor) ; Petrusek, Miloslav (referee)
This thesis is based on Georg Simmel's sociological theories in the book "The Philosophy of Money". Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
The suicide - Masaryk's lifelong problem
Kotek, Martin ; Petrusek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Paulíček, Miroslav (referee)
The work is focused on the theme of suicide in the presentation of T. G. Masaryk. Author's aim is to chart the Masaryk's life in such a way as to affect how the topic of suicide goes through the Masaryk's life and how is reflected in his work and opinions on the modern society. Is also pointed out, how this theme, in the background of Masaryk's philosophy, sociology and theology, mingles into all of these areas and connects them. The first part is devoted to young childhood of Masaryk and to his experience at the beginning of his academic career. It is outlined, how Masaryk got to know the theme of suicide and how he took it as his own. Another section is devoted to his personality and personal views on the world. Substantial part of the work is then focused on the interpretation of the religion and the modern developments of society in the administration of Masaryk and his theory of suicide. Following this, the author deals not only with this work demonstrative moral decay of society, but also with other Masaryk's works, in which is the problem of suicide reflected. The last part is devoted to criticism of Masaryk's concept from the mouth of past and contemporary authors and then the comments to the validity of Masaryk theory for today's society. So, beside the presentation, how was the whole...
The holocaust as a social phenomenon
Moravská, Dorota Tabitha ; Petrusek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Kotík, Michal (referee)
The work deals with Holocaust denial as a social phenomenon that is considered to be a form of anti-Semitism. It describes the roots of Holocaust denial in Europe and in the USA and its subsequent extension in other parts of the world, focusing especially on Arabic/ Muslim countries where this phenomenon represents part of the official propaganda and constitutes and active element of Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The thesis then depicts the methodology of Holocaust denial which leads to the thought that the Holocaust denial is a means used by individuals or groups whose goal is to enforce their broader ideological intentions and thus in its fundamental nature it resembles the activities of totalitarian ideologies and regimes for whom history manipulation has been an effective strategy. At the end, based on the findings of sociological research, the paper tries to outline the extent of success of the Holocaust denier's effort in broader public.
The Positivism Dispute in German Sociology. The development, main ideas and continuation
Vondráková, Renáta ; Balon, Jan (advisor) ; Petrusek, Miloslav (referee)
Diplomová práce Spor o pozitivismus v německé sociologii. Renáta Vondráková. 2012. Abstract The main theme of the work is the issue of positivism dispute, which is commonly referred to discussions that occurred in German sociology in the sixties. It was a debate between advocates of critical theory, which were Theodor W. Adorno and Jürgen Habermas, and the concept of critical rationalism of Karl R. Popper and Hans Albert. The discussion initially was confined to issues related to the logic of the social sciences, for many reasons, but rather applied to differences between the concepts and challenges of science from the perspective of both the above approaches. Also the description and discovery purposes and contexts that led to the overturning topic discussion are devoted to this work. The aim is to describe the external influences as widely as possible and how it affected the final understanding of the dispute, but also how well the positivism dispute turned the concepts of science in the following period. The first part is concerned with social and historical situation in which the dispute arose. Followed by an outline of key terms that in connection with a dispute likely occur, in fact it is the analysis of major issues. Emphasis is placed on a thorough description of the first two contributions to the...
Time and society. Social time over the centuries
Štiková, Irena ; Petrusek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Svobodová, Ludmila (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the phenomenon of time from a sociological perspective. More specifically it investigates the social time in contemporary and medieval western society. The theoretical and methodological framework is based on the Sociology of Time and on the Historical sociology. These two fields of study provide an adequate basis for research in this thesis. It is used study, compilation and comparative analysis of relevant sources. It means historical, sociological papers and fiction, which deal with the problematic of time. The social time in medieval society is examined from the following views: attitude to history, transience, structuring activities, labour and religion. The second part reflects social time in contemporary society from a little bit atypical point of view. Aspects of immortality and goals of our contemporary fast period are pointed out. The main vision of these sites it to explore the social time itself and in context of medieval and contemporary society.
Soviet civilization. The Phenomenon of the USSR in reflection of the contemporary Russian Sociology
Bělonožník, Zdeněk ; Petrusek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Kubát, Martin (referee) ; Tuček, Milan (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to introduce a specific discussion of contemporary Russian historical and social science on the phenomenon of the USSR and its role within Russian history. In particular, concepts of three contemporary Russian authors are analysed that deal with topics such as specific periods of Soviet history, context of USSR establishment and its breakdown, internal dynamics and transformation, leading principles of the society life or the Union's relations towards both West and the Third World. The questions of continuity of Russian history and relation between Russian tradition and modernity constitute horizontal issues that diffuse discussion on most of the particular topics. The presented concepts illustrate considerable complexity of the postsoviet Russian disccussion; at the same time they reffer to certain leading lines which allow to overarch the variety of ideas by general concept of "Russian point of view". One of the lines consists in confronting the USSR/Russia with the West, quality that traditionally marks any Russian discussion on the country's identity. The author of the current document intends to demonstrate that the idealized reflection of the Russia/USSR that we can witness in works of most Russian historicians might particularly arise from their incorrect 5 perception of the...
Apocalyptic movie - background, forms and function
Novák, Michal ; Petrusek, Miloslav (advisor) ; Kotík, Michal (referee)
The bachelor thesis "Apocalyptic movie - background, forms and function" deals the apocalyptic movie phenomenon as a functional element in the occidental civilization since 1920s until now. It investigates the origins of apocalyptic thinking, i.e. expectation of the end- time, and emphasizes its religious, philosophic and practical impact in society based on Judeo- Christian tradition. It tries to adumbrate recent public apprehension, evoked by technology development, spreading of diseases, overpopulation or clash of cultures, and sums up various pessimistic visions in perspectives of human and natural sciences. Then it focuses on the beginning of apocalyptic theme in literary fiction and finally in cinematography. The work brings the original typology of apocalyptic themes, designed on the base of sample of one hundred and fifty best rated movies, and with that tries to confirm reflecting essence of apocalyptic movie, whereas compares distribution of themes and parallel social events or moods in decades. In an effort to clarify function of apocalyptic movie, the work, with help of McLuhan's media theory, uses the concept of moral panic. It concludes, that visualization of danger and subsequent solution leads to discharging of moral panic's potential. Labeling of deviation and presentation of...

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