National Repository of Grey Literature 262 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Analysis of the Topic of Prokaryotes Presented in Biology Textbooks for Lower-Secondary Schools
Jarošová, Lenka ; Vojíř, Karel (advisor) ; Pavlasová, Lenka (referee)
Textbooks as material teaching aids perform countless functions, represent the content of education of the specific subject, contain transformed scientific findings or fundamentally affect motivation of pupils to learn. A part of the basic curriculum of natural sciences are also prokaryotes, whose issues have not yet been mapped in textbooks. The main objective of the thesis was to perform the content analysis of the prokaryotic topic in natural sciences textbooks for primary schools with a valid clause of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic. In the thesis the structuring of the given topic was ascertained among the individual titles. The terms contained in chapters dealing with the topic of prokaryotic organisms were analyzed. Two approaches were used for the analysis, the method bearing the open coding label was used for the qualitative data analysis, the quantitative approach reflects the percentage of terms falling into the same meaning category and subcategory in the given titles. The analysis shown there is inconsistency between textbooks in terms of representation of the topic of prokaryote and except the textbook published by Prodos and Taktik, the textbooks do not take into account the problematic of archaea in any way. The terms are mostly connected to...
The Incorporation of Inquiry-based Science Education at Wood Species Botany Discipline for Upper Primary School
Dobisíková, Anežka ; Skýbová, Jana (advisor) ; Pavlasová, Lenka (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with inquiry-based education (IBE) for upper primary school in science, especially in the context of botany of woody species. The theoretical part briefly summarizes the history of science education in the context of the development of inquiry-based education, maps the concept of inquiry-based teaching and presents the possibilities of its use. It also characterizes the teaching of science at the second level of upper primary school with a focus on botany of woody plants and describes the representation of the topic IBE elements in selected textbooks and workbooks. The method of analysis of the teaching material revealed that the selected publications do not directly provide IBE tasks. However, they do provide tasks that could be further used research-wise. In the next section, research is presented to determine whether IBE elements are used in the educational programmes of selected members of the Union of Botanic Gardens. Based on the questionnaire survey and interview method, it can be concluded that the selected botanic gardens do not actively include IBE in their teaching programmes. The last practical part of the thesis contains the methodology and description of the implementation of a research activity on the topic of botany of trees in school named "Evergreen trees"...
Post-mining Nature and Living Conditions in Kladno Region and their Perception by Pupils of the Basic School
Krausová, Jana ; Teodoridis, Vasilis (advisor) ; Pavlasová, Lenka (referee)
9 ABSTRACT The time of coal and drilling rigs is over. Town citizens, children and especially youth are losing awareness of its recent history as time passes by. This thesis aims to contribute to prevent from losing of unity of town citizens, the town and its problems. Its goal is to create and to document on the sample of pupils of primary schools a level of knowledge of history and development of the town and the region. To reach this goal it was processed and evaluated a knowledge survey whose results formed the basis for the development of an educational program. Its goal was to acquaint students with the state of the landscape of its region, which was affected by coal mining and the subsequent development of heavy industry, to let them realize what phases the town had to go through to become the town they live in, how profitable was mining of coal to the town and what consequences it brought. Some consequences were positive and some were negative. In the introductory part of this thesis in order to introduce the main issue, the brief evaluation of the development of the region and also the description of the consequences of the mining process is placed. KEYWORDS Coal, heaps, industrial region, restoration, knowledge survey, educational project, basic school, Kladno region
Autism and Zootheraphy : Experiences from Special Centers
Trešlová, Jana ; Jančaříková, Kateřina (advisor) ; Pavlasová, Lenka (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to find out chat forms of zoorehabilitation exists and how it can help to people with autism and thein families. The work begins with a brief definitiv of autism and its history. The FIFA charter is devoted to autism spektrum disorders, its influence on social relationships, communication, imagination, games and interests. The sixth charter deals with disorders of the autism spektrum. I describe each disorder separately, its characteristics, even if there are not fixed boundaries between different disordes. The seventh charter is devoted to the diagnosis of autism spektrum disorders, chat are the metod sof diagnosis. Next charter describers chat options do parents of these childern have in education. Following charter describes Civic associations, that arise and hepl parents of childern affected by autism and ether formo f disabilities. In the tenth and in the next five chapters are described different types zoorehabilitation, its origin and use in the Czech Republic. From the seventeenth charter starts the practical part where i described free different stories of families with a child who has one of the autism spektrum disorder. Every child has a different disorder and esch reacts differently to zootherapy, whether at home or specialized facility. From case reports, it...
Selected Bacterial and Viral Infections Transmitted through Sexual Contact
Tesařová, Kateřina ; Pavlasová, Lenka (advisor) ; Ehler, Edvard (referee)
Selected bacterial and viral infections transmitted through sexual contact The abstract This thesis deals with selected bacterial and viral venereal disease. It is an STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) transmitted mainly through sexual contact. The elaborated retrieval work deals with the occurrence of these selected infections - chlamydia, gonorrhea, chancroid, syphilis, hepatitis B, AIDS, genital herpes, genital warts and cervical cancer. Its task is a summary of the issue of sexually transmitted diseases, a detailed introduction to current information and results of scientific research. The attention is paid to the individual diseases, the general characteristics of viruses or bacteria, symptoms and mode of transmission. Further the study points to ways of diagnosis and treatment, epidemiological incidence of infection. Last but not least the emphasis is on prevention. Keywords: sexually transmitted disease, chlamydia, gonorrhea, chancroid, syphilis, hepatitis B, HIV / AIDS, genital herpes, genital wals, cervical cancer
Cannabis sativa - the Plant Used and Abused
Odcházelová, Tereza ; Skýbová, Jana (advisor) ; Pavlasová, Lenka (referee)
Cannabis sativa - the plant which is discussed in all social communities. Some of them hold a brief for it and the others curse it. This is the main reason why I wrote my bachelor work Cannabis sativa - the Plant Used and Abused particulary about this plant. The work informs the readers about the taxonomy and anatomical structure of this plant, we mentioned the history of growing the hemp, and the use and abuse of the plant is summed up according to various authors. Finally, a research at a secondary school of the knowledge of students and their teachers about Cannabis sativa was carried out. The results showed common minor knowledge of the plant itself, and the studens, as well as their teachers, proved wider information of the drug form of this plant. The older studets are better informed than the younger ones, in the case of their teachers this goes conversely and boys have better information than girls. This work should be a useful summary of both positive and negative aspects of Cannabis sativa for all who want to know something more about this plant.
Flu viruses
Kaufmanová, Lucie ; Pavlasová, Lenka (advisor) ; Ehler, Edvard (referee)
This work deals with influenza viruses and the diseases caused by them. Influenza is one of the most common infectious diseases that annually affects nearly 10% of the world population during a pandemic, even 40 to 50%. Very often there are misconceptions that the flu is any involvement of the upper respiratory tract infections with accompanying fever and cough. The work is divided into two important segments. The first part deals with general characteristics of viruses, their inclusion in the taxonomic units, and building structural composition of viruses, as well as life cycle and the cycle of viruses in nature. The second part of the thesis summarizes existing knowledge regarding influenza; general definition, history, influenza viruses, including important 20th pandemic century, contains the epidemiological characteristics of influenza. It deals with the importance of vaccination, provides information about various types of vaccines. We can find an explanation of terms such as epidemics and pandemics, including the differences between them. Furthermore, in my work there are the most important organization involved in monitoring influenza surveillance concept itself. The work summarizes the main differences between the flu and other respiratory infections. Specifically, it focuses on different...
Program of Practical Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Lower-secondary School Students
Váňová, Zdenka ; Ehler, Edvard (advisor) ; Pavlasová, Lenka (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in children and their prevention. It briefly describes the influenced risk factors of these diseases and the prevention of their occurrence. It also focuses on preventive programs of cardiovascular diseases in our country and in the world and describes them in more detail. It also provides an overview of current biology textbooks for the lower-secondary school and their evaluation based on whether and to what extent they deal with the issue of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the thesis is to create a program directed at the prevention of cardiovascular diseases in children at the lower-secondary school, to use it in practice at a selected lower-secondary school and to evaluate its effectiveness in a subsequent questionnaire.

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