National Repository of Grey Literature 279 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Laboratory Work in the Teachings of Biology as a Means of Developing Selected Key Competences of Pupils
Nováková, Monika ; Ehler, Edvard (advisor) ; Pavlasová, Lenka (referee)
The topic of this diploma thesis is Laboratory work in the teaching of biology as a means of developing selected key competences of pupils. The thesis consists of a theoretical and a practical part. The theoretical part is divided into five chapters. The first chapter summarizes the issue of curriculum documents of the Czech Republic. The second chapter is devoted to teaching methods with a more detailed description of the methods used in the empirical part of the work. The remaining chapters are focused on the topic of the musculoskeletal system and describe individual types of its dysfunctions. The main goal of the empirical part of the work is to create a proposal for a laboratory exercise with the theme: Dysfunction of the musculoskeletal system. This laboratory work is designed in such a way as to develop the selected key competences of the pupils and at the same time make it possible to find out whether the pupils possess the selected key competences. The presence of the appropriate specific skills of pupils is determined by the method of a questionnaire investigation intended for teachers participating in the research. The second part of the empirical work evaluates the own laboratory measurements of 85 pupils and enables an indicative determination of the percentage representation of...
Biomimetics and its Incorporation into High School Teaching through Learning Tasks
Suldovská, Eva ; Říhová, Dagmar (advisor) ; Pavlasová, Lenka (referee)
The main aim of this thesis was to create and practically test four sets of complex learning tasks intended for pupils in the second year of high school. The tasks are focused on the development of science literacy using the topic of biomimetics. The starting point for the development of the learning tasks was a literature review dealing with topics of biomimetics, subject integration, science literacy and learning tasks. Biomimetics is a multidisciplinary science based on the observation of nature and searching for inspiration in nature in order to find solutions to problems that people face in life. Due to the topicality, practical overlap and interdisciplinary nature of this field, the topic of biomimetics is an excellent tool for applying integrated learning concepts (e.g. STEM concept) into teaching or for developing science literacy. In this work, created complex learning tasks containing three subtasks each were validated in three second-year classes of selected high schools. The pupils' responses to the created tasks and the responses from the attitudinal questionnaires were analyzed using mixed research methods. Statistical methods (arithmetic mean, relative frequency, success rate) were used for quantitative evaluation. The method of inductive analysis of written gathered data was used...
Ecologically Interesting Areas of the City of Mladá Boleslav: A Project for a Secondary Vocational School
Špicarová, Adéla ; Pavlasová, Lenka (advisor) ; Janoušková, Svatava (referee)
This master's thesis focuses on exploring ecologically interesting areas in the town of Mladá Boleslav, integrating theoretical insights from curriculum documents and ecology education in schools with a projectbased approach. The theoretical part analyzes key concepts related to the project method and teaching, examines the projectsolving process, and explores the typology of projects. It further delves into curriculum documents, especially the Framework Educational Program and the School Educational Program, and outlines ecology education with a focus on the specific school context. The practical part meticulously analyzes the project "Ecologically Interesting Areas of Mladá Boleslav." It investigates the group of students, project goals, its integration into the school curriculum, and the development of key competencies. It addresses students' interactive approach to environmental protection and their direct contribution to the sustainability of the town. The discussion summarizes the results, addresses potential issues, and suggests future development possibilities for similar projects in the educational context. The overall aim of this work is to motivate students to actively engage in ecological issues in their surroundings and, simultaneously, to create material that raises wareness of environmental...
NEW ON THE „OLD“ – Brno, Bratislavská - Stará Corner
Pavlasová, Lenka ; Pospíšil, Zdeněk (referee) ; Boháč, Ivo (advisor)
This thesis focuses on the use of the parcel on the corner of Bratislavská and Stará. The proposal responds to the surrounding dense development of housing, lack of public spaces and trends in the area. The point of the design is polyfunctional house with a predominant feature of housing at the palce where car parking is nowadays.
SUBURBAN RECREATION AREA - NATURAL AREA SWIMMING
Pavlasová, Lenka ; Pospíšil, Zdeněk (referee) ; Boháč, Ivo (advisor)
The subject of this thesis is to design complex of natural swimming pool. The aim is to create a space where people feel comfortable and safe. There are four buildings designed, entrance building with a ticket office, cloakrooms, refreshments and wellness. The area has several playgrounds and sandbox. The terrain is contoured and planted with vegetation.
Selected Types of Alternative Diets
Bittnerová, Lenka ; Pavlasová, Lenka (advisor) ; Ehler, Edvard (referee)
This thesis deals with unconventional ways of alimentation. The primary aim of the thesis is to define the individual unconventional directions of alimentation and to collect and organize available information. The origin and principles of the macrobiotic, raw food, vegetarian and organic diet is described. It deals with the philosophy, goals, motivations and composition of the diet. It maps the pluses and minuses of the alternative ways of diet including the most common reasons leading to such dietary decisions. The risks and advantages of individual types of diet are given with respect to its influence on the human health. Keywords alternative diet, macrobiotic diet, raw food diet, vegetarianism, organic food diet
The pre-service chemistry teachers' professional vision development
Honskusová, Linda ; Rusek, Martin (advisor) ; Škoda, Jiří (referee) ; Pavlasová, Lenka (referee)
Teachers' ability to reflect on teaching is one of the essential attributes that enhance the quality of teaching. Therefore, it is necessary to focus on teachers' professional development and cultivate their professional vision (PV) over a long period of time. PV is an important set of discursive practices that enable one to see a meaningful event and is associated with selective attention and knowledge-based reasoning. This dissertation focuses on three main objectives: (1) to describe current findings on PV development in teachers and to select the means by which PV will be developed in prospective chemistry teachers, (2) to identify the PV skills of chemistry student teachers and the factors that influence its development, and (3) to suggest appropriate teaching innovations. In order to determine the degree of PV development of future chemistry teachers and the possibility of developing it through systematically guided reflections, students' input and output written reflections were analysed using a methodology based on Sherin and van Es (2009) and supplemented with information from a questionnaire of personally perceived teacher proficiency. Influencing factors were identified through semi- structured interviews. The research was conducted on three groups of Chemistry student teachers of the...
The Human Colon and the Variability of its Microbial Colonization from Adaptations to Different Environmental Conditions
Peterová, Lucie ; Vančata, Václav (advisor) ; Pavlasová, Lenka (referee)
This bachelors's thesis focuses on the study of the human large intestine and the variability of its microbial colonization in relation to different environmental conditions. The human large intestine is considered to be a dynamic ecosystem that is populated by a diverse community of microorganisms known as the gut microbiome. The gut microbiome plays a key role in host physiology, influencing digestion, the immune system and energy metabolism. This thesis summarizes the current state of knowledge in the literature regarding the human large intestine and its microbial population, focusing on the adaptation of the intestinal microbiota to different environmental conditions such as diet, antibiotic use and disease occurrence. It also analyses the impact of lifestyle and environmental factors on the gut microbiota, including the effects of stress, physical activity and geographical location. The thesis provides the reader with a comprehensive overview of the gut microbiome and highlights its importance in maintaining human health. The variability of microbial colonization of the gut is a fascinating phenomenon that deserves careful study and understanding. Understanding these processes may contribute to the development of new strategies for maintaining and restoring a healthy gut microbiota that could...

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