National Repository of Grey Literature 4 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Surgical Treatment Options in Thoracolumbar Spine Degeneration: The Importance of Morphological and Clinical Classifications in Preoperative Decision Making
Bludovský, David ; Přibáň, Vladimír (advisor) ; Chaloupka, Richard (referee) ; Rudinský, Bruno (referee)
The surgical treatment options in thoracolumbar spine degeneration: The importance of morphological and clinical classifications in preoperative decision making David Bludovský Abstract: Objective: The aim of our study was to investigate the relations between subjective difficulties, clinical findings and the MR imaging in patients who have been operated for symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), and the possibility of using these relations for surgical treatment decision. Methods: Patients operated for lumbar spinal stenosis in 2009-2010 were included in the study. Subjective difficulties were assessed using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the clinical symptoms with the modified Neurological Impairment Score for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis (mNIS-LSS). We measured the spine canal area, dural sac area, and nerve root sedimentation classification on MR. By correlation analysis at significance level p <0.05, we tested the relations between these categories. 61 patients with a median age of 67 were included. Overall, we evaluated 162 spinal segments. Results: Median of ODI values were 48. Correlation coefficients for ODI, mNIS-LSS and graphical findings were less than 0.5. Correlation coefficients greater than 0.5 were between all the MR measurement methods. Conclusions: In the group of patients indicated...
Optimalised indications for microsurgical and endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms.
Štekláčová, Anna ; Beneš, Vladimír (advisor) ; Přibáň, Vladimír (referee) ; Zvěřina, Eduard (referee)
Univerzita Karlova v Praze 1. lékařská fakulta Autoreferát disertační práce Optimalizace indikací chirurgického a endovaskulárního ošetření intrakraniálních aneurysmat Anna Štekláčová 2018 2 Doktorské studijní programy v biomedicíně Univerzita Karlova v Praze a Akademie věd České republiky Obor: Neurovědy Předseda oborové rady: Prof. MUDr. Karel Šonka, DrSc. Školicí pracoviště: Neurochirurgická a neuroonkologická klinika 1. LF UK a ÚVN, Praha Školitel: Prof. MUDr. Vladimír Beneš, DrSc. Disertační práce bude nejméně pět pracovních dnů před konáním obhajoby zveřejněna k nahlížení veřejnosti v tištěné podobě na Oddělení pro vědeckou činnost a zahraniční styky Děkanátu 1. lékařské fakulty. 3 Obsah Abstrakt - Česky ..................................................................................... 4 Abstract - English ................................................................................... 5 Úvod........................................................................................................ 6 Hypotézy a cíle studie............................................................................. 6 Materiál a metody ................................................................................... 7 Výsledky...
The Carotid Stump Syndrome
Hrbáč, Tomáš ; Beneš, Vladimír (advisor) ; Přibáň, Vladimír (referee) ; Haninec, Pavel (referee)
Introduction: Internal Carotid Stump Syndrome may be one of the possible causes of ischemic stroke (iCMP), as well as retinal infarction (RI). Syndrome of the occluded internal carotid (ACI) (stump syndrome) is a nosological unit, which is characterized by an onset of ipsilateral iCMP or RI of thromboembolic ethiology in patients with occlusion of ACI via the externa carotid or arteria ophthalmica. In my thesis, I have concentrated upon the specification of the stump syndrome, its diagnostics and treatment; furthermore I have assessed the appropriateness of surgical approach in comparison with conservative approach. Material and methods: A total of 621 patients with occlusion were treated in two centres in the course of five years. In a group of 40 patients, the ACI occlusion was detected sonographically, the length of the occluded ACI being >5 mm, with normal vasoreactivity based upon SPECT CO2 and excluded cardiogenic cause of iCMP. The patients were divided in two groups - surgical and conservative. Patients were monitored in 6-month intervals for the total period of four years. Results: No RI or iCMP were detected in the surgical group; one patient died six months after surgery. We observed one case of amaurosis fugax in the conservative group. Conclusion: Ultrasound examination is a fully sufficient...
Intracranial Aneurysms - Treatment Options and Natural Course. Safety and Efficacy of Treatment Strategies for Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Aneurysms.
Petr, Ondřej ; Beneš, Vladimír (advisor) ; Haninec, Pavel (referee) ; Přibáň, Vladimír (referee)
BACKGROUND: Posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysms are an uncommon, heterogeneous group of aneurysms with poorer neurological outcomes compared to other intracranial aneurysms. At first, as part A, we conducted a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the safety and efficacy of treatment strategies for PICA-aneurysms. Subsequently, as part B, we performed a multicenter retrospective study to analyze the outcome in a large series of patients treated with contemporary microsurgical and endovascular techniques. METHODS: For the meta-analysis, a systematic search of Medline, EMBASE, Scopus and Web of Science was done for studies published through November 2015. We included studies that described treatment of PICA-aneurysms with ≥10 patients. Random-effects meta-analysis was used to pool the following outcomes: complete occlusion, technical success, periprocedural morbidity/mortality, stroke rates, aneurysm recurrence/rebleed, CN-palsies rates, and long-term neurological morbidity/mortality. As the second part, aiming to report the current trends and results in treatment strategies for PICA-aneurysms, records of 94 patients treated for PICA-aneurysms between 2000 and 2015 at 3 large referral neurovascular centers were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: In the meta-analysis, we...

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