National Repository of Grey Literature 62 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Importance of enzymatic solutions (Enzymel) in postoperative treatment of upper respiratory tract wounds
Šimurdová, Marcela ; Tomová, Šárka (advisor) ; Nikodemová, Hana (referee)
Bakalářská práce Význam Enzymelu v pooperačním ošetřování ran v horních cestách dýchacích 1 Abstract Healing surgical wounds in upper respiratory tract is often difficult and painful due to constant presence of food (contamination), movements during talking and continuous presence of aggressive saliva. Most of the surgery clinics use natural solutions especially chamomile to accelerate healing and to remove patient's postoperative problems. Gel Enzymel parodont, which contains proteolytic enzymes and its application limits bacteria production and accelerates healing of the surgical wounds, hasn't been used in a clinical treatment in surgical ORL yet and its effects on healing haven't been studied. The theoretical part of this study is focused on a brief introduction of selected surgical procedures in upper respiratory tract and the corresponding nursing process including a summary of possible complications in the postoperative period. The empirical part of the thesis contains a summary of the results of non-standardized questionnaire survey, which was conducted on selected patients of the ORL (ENT) Clinic of Motol University Hospital. Using a surrogate survey of a selected group of patients (80 in total), data were obtained to compare the effectiveness of the investigated agents, especially in the area of...
The influence of epilepsy on the activities of daily life for children
Konečná, Eliška ; Nikodemová, Hana (advisor) ; Tomová, Šárka (referee)
The bachelor's thesis on the topic "Influence of epilepsy on the activities of children's daily life" is focused on the daily activities of children with epilepsy. Epilepsy as a disease is a relatively common diagnosis, which to some extent affects the lives not only of patients but also of their immediate surroundings. The aim of this bachelor thesis was to find out and map how children in the younger school age range to adolescents with epilepsy are limited in everyday activities. In the theoretical part of the work, attention is paid to existing knowledge about the problem of the disease, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. Furthermore, the quality of life, where this concept is defined and the definition of the concept of daily activity. To obtain data, a questionnaire of our own creation was created, focusing on daily activities. The questionnaire contains a total of 26 items, to which the respondents answered individual questions, which were then analyzed and evaluated. The empirical part contains goals, working hypotheses, methodology and organization of the survey, characteristics and description of the examined sample. There is a presentation of the results of a questionnaire survey, which was attended by 44 respondents, the survey itself took place with the prior agreement of the legal...
Pain and burn trauma in nursing
Navrátilová, Markéta ; Javůrková, Alena (advisor) ; Nikodemová, Hana (referee)
Background: The thesis follows up the comparison of fear of pain, pain intensity, emotional attachment, anxiety and depression in patients with after burn trauma and healthy individuals. Aim of thesis: The aim of the work was to compare the fear of pain in patients with after burn trauma with healthy individuals and to find predictors of pain; to find significant predictors od pain intensity and fear of pain in patients with after burn trauma. It also focuses on the evaluation of the relationships between pain intensity, fear of pain and sociodemographic variables (age, employment, premorbid intellect) and clinical parametrs of burn trauma (extent of burns, lenght of hospital stay, location of burns, psychiatric comorbidities); evaluation of the relationships between pain intensity, fear of pain end emotional attachment in multi regressin in patients and in health controls; evaluation of the relationships between pain intensity, pain fear and anxiety / depression in patients and healthy individuals, as well as evaluation of the relationships between pain intensity, pain fear and health perception in patients and healthy individuals. Methods: The collection of data for this bachelor's thesis took place at the Department of Burn Medicine, 3rd Faculty of Medicine and Hospital Královské Vinohrady in Prague. The...
Awareness of mothers about the care of premature baby
Budková, Eliška ; Tomová, Šárka (advisor) ; Nikodemová, Hana (referee)
The bachelor's thesis "Mothers' awareness of premature newborn's care" is focused on evaluating the effectiveness of informing new mothers by medical staff. The essay consists of a theoretical and a practical part. In the theoretical part I first describe the classification of newborns, the differences between a term and preterm newborn. Afterwards the focus is shifted to the description of individual procedures in the care for the preterm infant which includes the delivery room, the ward, physical therapy, hygienic care and nutrition. Information about sudden infant death syndrome is also included In the empirical part, an analysis of a questionnaire survey of 90 respondents from maternity wards was conducted. I was mainly interested in maternal awareness of preterm infants' care. Research shows that mothers are well informed about care. Nurses need to teach mothers more about the risk of developing SIDS.
Communication's needs from the viewpoint of patients / clients with visual impairment.
König, Zachary Alexander ; Tomová, Šárka (advisor) ; Nikodemová, Hana (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with communication needs from the perspective of patients/clients with visual impairment. Communication is a skill we use in all areas of life. This communication is very important in the relationship between medical staff and patients because it helps us to discover certain information that is essential for us and thus also ensures a correct treatment procedure or good nursing care. The aim of this thesis was to find out which communication aspects are crucial from the point of view of patients/clients with visual impairment, how they perceive communication between them and healthcare professionals and what are the positive and negative aspects in this communication. The respondents who participated in this study were divided into three groups, according to the organization or care home these respondents came from. The total number of respondents was 27, their median age was 67. The selection of these respondents was not intentional, the patients/clients who participated in this survey, were interested in this topic. A semi-structured interview was used to obtain data, the respondents answered individual questions that were then analysed and evaluated. The interview method was the most suitable for this survey, not only for gaining the trust of patients/clients and their...
Spirituality in nursing
Rybová, Jarmila ; Bratová, Andrea (advisor) ; Nikodemová, Hana (referee)
Starting points: A positive attitude towards the provision of spiritual needs leads to better care and to the internal readiness of nurses to meet the spiritual needs of patients. The mere provision and acceptance of spiritual needs for patients, their relatives and colleagues leads to greater quality, satisfaction, comprehensive and holistic provision of nursing care. Objectives: The aim of the investigation was to map spirituality in nursing. Assessment of the need for faith, belief and significance. Finding out the importance of spirituality / belief in the healing process. Verification of the influence of the community or community as support for nurses and the importance of the information provided about spirituality from patients in the provision of health care. File and methods: Own investigation of spirituality in nursing through a standardized FICA questionnaire. The selection of respondents was intentional. The survey itself was carried out at the Motol University Hospital in Prague. A total of 150 paper questionnaires were distributed. There were 59 correctly completed and acceptable paper questionnaires, 18 questionnaires were collected online. There were 77 nurses in the group, of which 90.91% were women (n = 70) and 9.01% were men (n = 7). The average age was M = 41.54 years. The...
Quality of life seniors with inkontinence
Černá, Jana ; Bratová, Andrea (advisor) ; Nikodemová, Hana (referee)
Bechelor thesis " Quality of life of the seniors with incontinence" conents two parts, theoretical and empirical. Theoretical part is focused on knowledge about quality of life, old age and urinary incontinence. Its focused on its causes, symptoms, diagnostics, therapy, risk factors and posibilities of nursing care. Empirical part presents outcomes of questionnaire survey made with patiens with urinary incontinence hospitalized at Departement of LDN Bubeneč hospital. Questionnaire survey dealt with influence of urinary incontinence on quality of patients life in several area of daily living.
Use of Leisure Time Activities of Nurses in the Motol University Hospital
Krátká, Barbora ; Nikodemová, Hana (advisor) ; Raudenská, Jaroslava (referee)
The purpose of bachelor's thesis Use of leisure time activities of nurses in the Motol University Hospital is to find out the use of the specific leisure time activities through the programme Health Promoting Hospital, use of group exercises and fringe benefits offer by the Motol University Hospital and effect of leisure time activities on health, job's satisfaction, attitude of nurses to patients and nursing. The thesis is divided into theoretical and empirical part. The theoretical part is focused on the summary basic knowledge of healthy living, especially on effect of sport activities to health, healthy nutrition and water intake, mental health and negative factors influencing health. A component of the theoretical part are chapters focused on meaning, content and securing of leisure time activities in the Health Promoting Hospital programme ensured by the World Health Organization. The empirical part is constituted by the questionnaire research, which is focused on nurses and was performed in the Motol University Hospital. The results of research are evaluated and presented in the tabular and graphic reports. Keywords Health Promoting Hospital, leisure time activities, nurse, health, healthy living, prevention
Specifics of the educational process in pediatric patients in younger school age
Randová, Lucie ; Tomová, Šárka (advisor) ; Nikodemová, Hana (referee)
Bachelor thesis called "Specifics of the educational process of pediatrics patients at younger school age" with focus on patient education in a specific developmental period. The thesis is divided into theoretical and empirical part. The theoretical part describes individual educational methodologies used in education of patients at younger school age. Moreover, it focuses on educational aids, participants of education, educational forms, specifics of the communication with patients and educational processes of patients, especially during their younger school age and developmental period of the child. The data for the empirical part were collected in two hospitals. In Motol in Prague and in hospital Lochotín located in Plzeň. The empirical part of the bachelor thesis characterizes methodology, material, organization of the research, processing of data, results of questionnaire, evaluation of hypothesis and educational observation as well. The outcome of the questionnaire survey is presented in bar graphs and tables. The established hypotheses are statistically elaborated below. Key words Patient, communication, children, nurse, education
Quality of life in patients with chronic nonmalignant pain
Michalíková, Lucie ; Raudenská, Jaroslava (advisor) ; Nikodemová, Hana (referee)
This bachelor's thesis addresses fear of pain (agliophobia) in patients who suffer from chronic, non-malignant-tumor-related pain. The paper is divided into two parts: theoretical and empirical. The theoretical background deals with definitions of quality of life, pain and emotion associated with pain. It explains the origins and causes of pain, methods of its investigation and consequent treatments. Finally, focus is given to addressing issues within nursing care. The empirical section focuses on the quality of life in relation to other clinical and demographic factors. The conclusion of the empirical section describes the surveyed sample of patients and presents results of the research conducted. Research within the study was based on quantitative questionnaire surveying. The study uses standardized questionnaires focused on day-to-day activities and emotions. Patients filled in forms and questionnaires detailing their medical histories, emotions (BDI II, GAD-7, daily activities (Oswestry Index, Tampa Scale) and scales of quality of life in chronic pain (QOLS). Statistical data analysis was conducted with regard to the hypotheses of relationships between the selected and monitored variables. Analysis was contruct from Spearman rank correlation, Cronbacha alfa, t-test and linear regresion.

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