National Repository of Grey Literature 141 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The changes of the position of unexpelled Germans in Czechoslovakia 1945-1953.
Kaufholdová, Jenny ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šmidrkal, Václav (referee)
In the post-war period, the Czechoslovak Republic was subject to many difficulties and demanding changes. One of the most important tasks was connected to the renewal, which lead to the request to create a nation state without a German minority. However, the whole issue was not quite simple and encountered many complications. Although the post-war goal was eventually declared as a success, it was not entirely accomplished. In spite of all efforts, a part of the Germans remained in Czechoslovakia after the main expulsion. The approach to the Germans was influenced by many circumstances, but overall, the unexpelled Germans were still marginalized. The situation of these Germans in the period of the third Czechoslovak Republic changed slowly over time, but the decisive change came after the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia consolidated its power in February 1948. In order to fulfil the aims and ideals of the new regime, the previous approach to the Germans who remained in the Czechoslovakia had to be modified. This thesis focuses on the time period after the end of the Second World War and maps the transformation of the status of the unexpelled Germans according to historically determined events until 1953. It compares the attitudes towards Germans in the political system of the third Czechoslovak...
The 1972 Interruption of Pregnancy Law in the context of the family and women's policy of the GDR
Sklenková, Kateřina ; Kunštát, Miroslav (advisor) ; Nigrin, Tomáš (referee)
Kateřina Sklenková: "The 1972 Interruption of Pregnancy Law in the context of the family and women's policy of the GDR." Abstract The Bachelor's thesis focuses on the Interruptionof Pregnancy Law of 1972, which was the only law in East Germany that was passed unanimously. It gave women the option to terminate a pregnancy during its first 12 weeks without any indication.There were ambivalent views in society about this practice. After numerous protests, the churches were granted an exemptionand abortioncould be denied on the basis of faith.In the wave of resistance that rose when it became apparent that artificial terminations of pregnancy would be criminalisedagain in the process of German unification, it can be seen that the Law was generally viewed positively.The thesis places the Law in its historical context and in the context of the regime's other family and emancipation policies This text answers the question of how it was possible that such a liberal norm was in place in the GDR. It explains that there were multiple factors. First, it was the socialist regime itself, which was supposed to be scientific and egalitarian in the spirit of the Marxist revolution. Then there was pressure from within the state, where the restrictive policywas criticisedbythe general public, backed by professional...
The development of the culture of remembrance of the Sudeten Germans and their expulsion in Ústí nad Labem after 1989
Masopustová, Sára ; Kučera, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Nigrin, Tomáš (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to explore how the culture of remembrance regarding the Sudeten Germans and their expulsion developed in Ústí nad Labem after 1989. The author tries to find out what were the forms of remembrance and commemoration and which actors participated in it and moved it forward. The thesis mentions how the elected political representation of the city contributed to the commemoration or what was the role of the state for instance in establishing institutions or museums focusing on remembering Germans and expulsion. The role of the public and citizens association is mentioned as well. Since the culture of remembrance includes all forms of remembering, the thesis not only focuses on the important moments of the city when the commemorative plaques were first unveiled, but the author also emphasizes another form of public remembrance as culture or cultural heritage. Ústí nad Labem was historically shaped by the German population and at the end of the Second World War one of the massacres of the German population took place here, it is necessary to mention the historical context in the first part. The thesis briefly discusses the communist period, when the expulsion of Germans and the Czech-German past was erased from the collective memory of society and when anything that in any way...
Institutionalised care for children under three years of age in the context of GDR family policy
Vydláková, Barbora ; Šmidrkal, Václav (advisor) ; Nigrin, Tomáš (referee)
Bakalářská práce Téma: Institucionalizovaná péče o děti do tří let věku v kontextu rodinné politiky NDR Anglicky: Institutionalised care for children under three years of age in the context of GDR family policy Autor: Barbora Vydláková Studijní program: Česko-německá studia Vedoucí: Phdr. Václav Šmidrkal, PhD. Abstract This bachelor thesis explores institutionalised child care ("child care") for children under three years of age in the context of family policy German Democratic Republic (GDR). The thesis aims to not only describe the child care system, but also to assess its impact on the further evolution of child care for children under three years of age in reunited Germany. The thesis first examines East German family policy, including measures aimed at supporting women and mothers, as women's policy and child care were closely related. The second focuses specifically on the East German child care system for children under three years of age, which played an essential role in both family policy and employment policy of the state. This section analyses the system's significance in East German society and politics, escribes its structure and operation, and examines the known consequences of attending these child care facilities for the children themselves. The political and ideological significance of...
German energy policy towards Russia after the annexation of Crimea
Etrych Goldscheidová, Jana ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Handl, Vladimír (referee)
This work deals with reasons why Germany have not seen, or rather have not wanted to see, Russia as a dictatorial regime, with which Germany have been building dependent energy relations for decades threatening Germany's energy security. The aim of the work is to reveal motives of democratic Germany leading to energy dependence on an authoritarian country. The work analyzes German-Russian relations, which had been started during the Cold War as part of Brandt's Ostpolitik and strengthened regardless of political parties and wars provoked by Russians in Chechnya, Georgia and Ukraine, as well as by extorting of customer countries when disagreement with Russian international policy. The first chapter looks at Germany from a perspective of an international actor, because unhealthy relationships lead to the limitation of democratic decision-making in domestic and foreign policy, which was evidenced by Germany's reserved attitude to the war in Ukraine 2022. The next chapter explores the length and depth of German-Russian relations. Under heavy lobbying, Schröder pushed for close ties between German and Russian energy industries for a purpose of the economic prosperity of Germany and himself. Although after the annexation of Crimea in 2014, Germany's rhetoric towards Russia was harsh and Germany declared...
East German uprising of 1953 from the US perspective
Šidelka, Alexandr ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Pondělíček, Jiří (referee)
This bachelor's thesis focuses on the analysis of the United States of America's view of the East German uprising in 1953. The events take place in the early phase of the Cold War, in which the United States played a vital role as one of the two main world powers. The main content of this thesis is primarily the reaction of the American administration to the events in East Germany and the subsequent analysis of the strategy of psychological warfare. The most important element of this policy was the American food aid program for the East German population. At the beginning of the thesis, the reader is introduced to the historical context of the relationship between the United States and the GDR, and then briefly familiarized with the issue of the mentioned uprising. The thesis uses the available primary sources, which are historical newspaper articles, to depict the reaction of the American media at the time. In the last part of the thesis, it answers the research question of whether and how the East German uprising in 1953 influenced American foreign policy in Eastern Europe in the context of the ongoing Cold War. The work is mainly compilation in nature and is developed on the basis of available primary and secondary sources and literature.
Image of West-Berlin: From the search for its own identity to the commander of the front town, Willy Brandt
Novotná, Tereza ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Swider, Malgorzata (referee)
Title Image of West-Berlin: From the search for its own identity to the commander of the front town, Willy Brandt Abstract The post-war development of West Berlin was influenced by demographic and economic problems, but also by the fact that the city became a battlefield of the Cold War, where two political systems competed with each other. West Berlin undoubtedly had a symbolic value for the West and this fact provided the city with security guarantees. However, if West Berlin did not want to be satisfied with mere survival, it had to focus on an image policy that would make it a self-confident and attractive city. The aim of the thesis is to analyse the process of image building and at the same time try to interpret this development with the help of the concept of soft power. The hypothesis assumes that the main creator of the city's image was its mayor, Willy Brandt. Since the concept of image is not very methodically anchored in history as a field of study, the thesis combines find- ings from secondary literature from various fields and supplements them with Brandt's speeches, letters and articles from the newspaper Der Spiegel. The thesis concludes that the process of image building was already started during the war through the narrative of freedom, and Willy Brandt played an important role in it at...
The Europeanisation of EU Railway Policy Hungarian and Polish strategies for adopting the political pillar of the EU's Fourth Railway Package
Illés, Gergő Dávid ; Góra, Magdalena (advisor) ; Nigrin, Tomáš (referee)
The objective of this thesis is to examine the implementation strategies of the political pillar of the Fourth Railway Package in Hungary through the lens of Europeanisation. It aims to uncover the extent of domestic change caused by the adoption of a Europeanised policy. After the introduction, the thesis draws up the theoretical background, methodological framework, and the background of the Hungarian and Polish railway markets. The chapter containing research findings analyses Hungarian and Polish adaptation strategies from three different perspectives. First, an ideological mapping analyses the two countries' attitudes to the political pillar. Second, the mapping's findings are compared with politicians' speeches concerning the political pillar in the European and national parliaments. Finally, the analyses are compared with the voting behaviour of parties relating to the political pillar in the European and national parliaments. The final chapter provides the summary of findings, research limitations, gap in research and conclusions. Powered by TCPDF (

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