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Liturgical Textiles and Preservation of Them
Jonová, Jitka ; Martinek, Radek ; Grill Janatová, Markéta ; Kuldová, Marie ; Nachtmannová, Alena ; Vavřinová, Valburga ; Piatrová, Alena ; Hasalová, Eva
The care of historical liturgical textiles is often not given the attention it deserves. Liturgical textiles represent an important group where historical textiles have been preserved to this day. Three basic areas can be created for the care of historical liturgical textiles: Interest and enlightenment/ education of the public The historical liturgical textile, although no longer fulfilling its function (it is not used in the liturgy), remains an important cultural heritage of the Church. The actual place where it is usually preserved are the sacristies, oratories or parishes, where, however, it does not always have the appropriate conditions. Although according to the requirements of the church and the state monument care it is desirable to protect historical liturgical textiles (although it is not listed as a part of parish property and should be kept in inventory), sometimes it is destroyed (incineration, improper storage, etc.) or even sold. In this case, it should be kept in mind that this is an illegal disposal, in which irreversible losses occur (historically valuable liturgical textiles are destroyed), moreover, in the case of sale not only that the parish property is being defrauded, and the priests are not always able to estimate the true value and textiles are sold below cost and can later be seen on online sales portals at a much higher price. Parish clergy are often overwhelmed and do not see historical liturgical textiles as something important to which they should pay more attention. It should therefore be recalled that the vast majority of it is the property of the parish, etc., which cannot be disposed of arbitrarily, and in addition also consecrated objects that deserve respect. Sacral art, including historical liturgical textiles, is the cultural heritage of the Church that needs to be protected. Art has not only a liturgical function, but also an evangelistic one. When dealing with historical liturgical textiles, it is desirable to contact experts, the relevant diocesan conservation center, specialist workplaces of a museum or monument institute. Inventory and storage Historical textiles should be kept in the inventory of the relevant parish (monastery, etc.) or state institutions in the appropriate forms. Inventory records together with archival documents can help to shed light on the identification, but also the closer identification (material, origin, etc.) of the monument. It is not possible to demand that the conditions of historical textiles in the specialized depositories of various institutions would be ensured in parishes. Unfortunately, there is often not enough space even in specialized diocesan depositories. Especially in the case of "commonly preserved parameters", it is desirable to store them in suitable places where they will not be undesirably damaged (temperature conditions, humidity, dust, insect damage, rodents). Restoration and presentation Restoration must be entrusted to appropriate experts. Historical liturgical textiles, as well as other sacral monuments, prove the cultural richness of the Church, which, however, has an irreplaceable pastoral and evangelistic mission. Particularly unused historical parameters can thus be part of short-term (eg Church Night) or long-term exhibitions. However, it is necessary to pay attention to the suitability of the method of their presentation and to document any loans. It must not be used inappropriately (clothing for the Three Kings collection, theatrical costume, etc.)
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Presumptions of the Formation of the modern Men's Suit (General and unique in the typology and in the formation of men's court, military and ecclesiastical clothes in the light written, iconographical and material sources in Czech countries of early new ages at the court of the Austrian Habsburgs in the frame of the European culture of clothing)
Kutílková, Dagmar ; Koldinská, Marie (advisor) ; Petráň, Josef (referee) ; Nachtmannová, Alena (referee)
v anglickém jazyce The dissertation thesis with title "Presumptions of the formation of the modern men's suit" elaborates the general and unique features in the typology of men's court, military and ecclesiastical clothes. Research, which is based on written, iconographical and material sources, is aimed at environment at the court of the Austrian Habsburgs in early new ages from the end of the 15th century till beginning of the 90s of the 18th century having respect to history of clothing in the in Czech countries in the context with European clothing culture. The conception of the thesis goes out from the approach to men's suit in the history of clothing as to the cultural discipline. The main theoretic-metodological basis is investigsation of the general and the unique features in the concrete types of the men's clothing, which are characterized most of all of the contemporary construction (cut), material (cloth) and colours of the men's clothing and which has got the style-forming importance by means of these general features. The results of the research work amplifies not only the knowledge in the area of the clothing history, but also brings the possibility of practical application of this knowledge to increase of the cultural values of written, iconographical and material memories with time,...

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