National Repository of Grey Literature 64 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland
Novotná, Markéta ; Mlsna, Petr (advisor) ; Jirásková, Věra (referee)
1 Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland Abstract The aim of this thesis is to outline the position of the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland in the Swiss legal system and to discuss whether an extension of the judicial review on federal statutes should de lege ferenda take place. The first chapter serves as a brief description of the formation of Switzerland as well as of the Federal Supreme Court itself. The second chapter deals with the position of the Federal Supreme Court in the Swiss legal system along with its internal organisation. The third chapter is dedicated to the various types of constitutional jurisdiction from a theoretical point of view. The fourth chapter's purpose is to offer an overview of the current legal framework of constitutional jurisdiction in Switzerland. The fifth chapter acts as an evaluation of the various arguments for and against the implementation of judicial review of federal statutes. The Swiss legal system is generally very well known for its uniqueness and emphasis on the principle of sovereignty of the people. Although it is often used as an example of a well functioning democracy, there are parts of it that can be subject to critical dispute. Key words: Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland, swiss legal system, judicial review
Electoral campaign in the light of a new legislation
Pikous, Martin ; Antoš, Marek (advisor) ; Mlsna, Petr (referee)
The aim of this thesis is a comprehensive overview and analysis of the amandments of Czech election legislation and Act on assembly in political parties and movements from the year of 2016 (Acts no. 322/2016 and 302/2016 Coll.). The thesis does not provides with all the questions of political party funding but targets essentially on particular election rules and management of election campaign. It partially resumes the Presidential Elections Act which as the first implements part of provisions typical for new legislation, for instance campaign contribution limits. The first chapter set the amandements to the framework of post- revolutionary legal development and international recommendations which are considered as fundamental sources for legislators. Afterwards I focus on the term of election campaign which currently has a legal definition, however not with clarity. Neither is the position of all those involved in the election campaign unquestionable. The third chapter deals with matters of candidate subjects and their cooperation, subjects excluded from participation in the campaign and the new institute of the so-called registered third parties. This issue is followed in the next chapter by an analysis of the prohibition of anonymous political advertising drafted into the obligation of its...
Constitutional framework and position of the Public Prosecutor's Office as institution representing public prosecution
Habily, Yannick ; Hřebejk, Jiří (advisor) ; Mlsna, Petr (referee)
The goal of this thesis is to provide comprehensive analysis of constitutional framework and position of the Public prosecution. By term constitutional framework of the Public prosecution. I understand its definition and subsumption under the Constitution of the Czech Republic. By position of the Public prosecution I understand its degree of autonomy and its position within the system of public administration bodies including its relations with them. In relation to the goal of this thesis I also deal with the historical development of public prosecution and consideration over the possible amendments of its framework. The public prosecution service is a system of state offices which represent the state in protecting public interest. The constitution entrusts the Public prosecution office with the task of representing public prosecution in penal proceedings. And that is what makes the Public Prosecution office unique and irreplaceable institution, which together with the courts takes part in the exercise of penal justice and shall be therefore considered as necessary institution for the state governed by the rule of law. The thesis is divided into six main chapters except for its introduction and final part. The first chapter provides the overview of historical development of public prosecution with...
The system of health insurance in Germany as a political issue after unification
Janura, Lukáš ; Mlsna, Petr (advisor) ; Rákosník, Jakub (referee) ; Havlík, Vratislav (referee)
The thesis analyses the healthcare system in Germeny after the 1990s. The aim is to analyse the changes in the positions of insured persons within the system, as well as both internal and external factors which resulted in these changes. The role of insured persons is different than in the 1990s. Reforms and their impacts with regard to key players, especially patients are described in each chapter. The analysis is devided into four chapters, which are dedicated to the systém of insurance as such, the health care providers and the role of informations for the insured persons, subsequently. At the end, the influence of reunification is analysed. The thesis formulates conditions on which more responsibility and more decision-making opportunities are given to insured persons or taken away from them. Moreover, the role of external factors is described (e. g. the pharmaceutical industry, the development of media or macroeconomic development). Information sources used for the analysis derive from sickness funds, sickness fund unions, expert recommendations, legislation or programmes of political parties. The thesis concludes that the role of sickness funds has been strengthened, but the utilization is not as rational as it seems and is inhibited by some other factors. In a broader context, the conclusions...
Foreign Workers and their impact on the Federal Republic of Germany
Kodýdková, Daniela ; Nigrin, Tomáš (advisor) ; Mlsna, Petr (referee)
Kodýdková Daniela, Ausländische Arbeitskräfte und ihre Bedeutung für die BRD Abstract This bachelor work with the title "Ausländische Arbeitskräfte und ihre Bedeutung für die BRD" (in English: Foreign Workers and their meaning for the Federal Republic of Germany) is dedicated in its theoretical part to the topic of the recruitment of foreign workers to the Federal Republic of Germany from economically weaker European countries like Italy, Spain, Greece, Portugal, Yugoslavia, and later also from countries that neither geographically nor politically belong to Europe (Turkey, Morocco and Tunisia), in the period of time from the middle of the fifties until the recruitment ban in 1973, and also to its causes and consequences. The analytical section examines the meaning or benefit of the recruitment and presence of the foreign workers. However, there were not only positive aspects connected as was awaited at the beginning of the recruitment especially in the economic sphere. Not all the foreign workers wanted to return back to their home countries after earning expected living and these who stayed in Germany became, after the recruitment ban, real immigrants with the vision of a long-term stay. In the chapter entitled Schlussfolgerung there is the comparison of the positive and negative impacts of the foreign...

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