National Repository of Grey Literature 54 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Quality of Life for European Populations older than fifty years
Svobodová, Veronika ; Malá, Ivana (advisor) ; Miskolczi, Martina (referee)
This master thesis deals with research of Subjective Quality of Life for population fifty years old or more, depending on the selected demographic, social and economic indicators. More and more people live to the older ages, and thus important question of living conditions and well being of this ageing population comes forward. General concept of Quality of Life of older people is described on wide theoretical scale with focus on the cause of the phenomenon, Demographic Ageing of populations. The Demographic Ageing is described not only on the theoretical level, but also in a quantitative way. There are specific fertility rates introduced according to an age of a mother while birth giving, or still increasing Life Expectancy at Birth for both males and females. To explore the dependencies of Subjective Quality of Life on selected indicators, there is a statistical model introduced. The input indicators come from the European panel data research Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. Techniques used for analyzing the data are Analysis of variance for one single wave (held around year 2013) and Panel data analysis for all available waves (from 2004 to 2013). The results from both analyses for the Czech Republic are compared with results for selected countries, Germany, Sweden, Spain, Italy and Greece. From the SHARE data set can be read the following results. The variable Age significantly influences all included models for all selected countries, the similar influence can be observed for the Education. For almost all countries and models is proving of the significant influence of Gender to Subjective Quality of Life indefinite (we are not able to observe significant influence). Also the influence of the variable Living alone/with other people is not perfectly convincing. On the other hand, significantly observable categories are Unemployed and Permanently sick or disabled. The question of Quality of Life is related to all parts of population. While the number of older people in population increases, this question of the quality of their lives becomes more and more important. The way how to secure those needed, powerless and often vulnerable people in a decent way and with dignity is not easy.
Unpaid housework and its impact on the labour market in the Czech republic
Daňová, Lenka ; Langhamrová, Jitka (advisor) ; Miskolczi, Martina (referee)
This thesis aims to find out the range of unpaid work in the Czech Republic and whether there are significant gender differences in the terms of unpaid work. This target was reached by evaluating experience from abroad, specifically from the research of OECD, research of HETUS and research based on a survey in the Slovakia in 2011. Measure of unpaid work in the Czech Republic was determined by present surveys, but was mainly based on my own survey. The thesis also contains a theoretical part that specifies the importance and influence of unpaid work. Gender inequalities in society but mainly in the labour market were also specified. This thesis summarises past results of surveys that addressed the topic of unpaid work. The main asset of my work is the research in the Czech Republic, which is directly focused on the range of unpaid work as there only had been series of research that dealt with unpaid work briefly. Another benefit of this work is proposing possible amendments because the assumption that women spend more time on unpaid work than men was confirmed. These changes could help to compensate the inequality.
Marriage and Parenthood in the Czech Republic in New Economic Conditions
Čechalová, Kateřina ; Langhamrová, Jitka (advisor) ; Miskolczi, Martina (referee)
This thesis deals with the relation between marriage and parenthood in the Czech Republic. The main object is to explore changes in the family behavior of young generations and to analyze the related demographic processes of fertility and nuptality. Special attention is paid to marital, extramarital and premarital fertility. The thesis searches for the answer of the question if the marital surroundings are still unique for the child upbringing or if the economic and value changes of the society after 1989 broke the traditional family formation. Another important object is to perform a cluster analysis. Czech districts are divided into the clusters, which are made to describe the current situation. The last part demonstrates the results of the quantitative survey, which helps to find out the public attitudes about family life.
Management of Hairdresser´s Salon
Těžký, Martin ; Miskolczi, Martina (referee) ; Němeček, Petr (advisor)
Diploma thesis develops subject of operation of hairdresser’s saloon in Brno. It introduces analysis of saloon management and evaluation of reasons why saloon’s principal strategic objectives defined by owner before reconstruction in 2007 are not being fulfilled. Simultaneously, it suggests modifications and changes that lead to more effective saloon management, from both management and strategic point of view. Consequently, it brings more stable clients and positive financial effect. Proposal part covers specific potentialities how to define saloon’s objectives, communicate them toward employees and how to communicate with customers. Necessity of communication and pro-active approach result from other analyses as well.
Analysis of the Quality of life using cluster analysis and comparison with the Human Development Index
Pánková, Barbara ; Miskolczi, Martina (advisor) ; Langhamrová, Jana (referee)
Nowadays quality of life is often discussed topic. In defining this term, there is considerable ambiguity and disunity, since there is no universally accepted definition, nor theoretically sophisticated model. However, despite this fact, the level of quality of life is currently one of the most discussed topic. Monitoring the quality of life by using a variety of indicators are engaged in several international organizations, one of them is the Development Programme of the United Nations. This organization annually publishes the Human Development Index, which divides the world´s countries into four groups according to their level of development: low, medium, high and very high development. The aim of this thesis is to analyze the quality of life in 125 countries by using cluster analysis, accurately the Ward's method. Quality of life in this thesis is evaluated based on 19 demographic and economic indicators, which include life expectancy, literacy rate, access to drinking water and infant mortality rate. The cluster analysis divided the country into individual clusters by their similarities. Six clusters were created by this analysis, which had been compared with the results of Human Development Index. The clusters very well reflect the division, which is commonly used in the characterization of developing and developed countries. Each of the six clusters can be very well described and characterized in terms of quality of life. It is also possible qualify those clusters as poorest developing, low developed, moderately developed, medium development, high and very high development countries. Based on the results it can be stated that this analysis is consistent with other indicators of quality of life and the resulting clusters are identical with the division of countries which is commonly used.
Business project
Těžký, Martin ; Miskolczi, Martina (referee) ; Mandelík, Petr (advisor)
Bachelor’s thesis introduces business case for expansion of hairdresser’s operating for ten years already in Brno into a more luxurious hairdressing salon. Detailed and comprehensive study of various aspects proves feasibility of the case. This study includes reconstruction of the salon, new equipment, extension of services offer, human resource, marketing communication and financial analysis. Major attention is paid to reality of business case and financial calculation based on conservative estimates of revenues and costs and real potentialities of financing the case from foreign funds.
Comparison of Differences in Seasonality of Demographic Time Series of The Selected Countries in EU
Morávek, David ; Šimpach, Ondřej (advisor) ; Miskolczi, Martina (referee)
In the theoretical level this thesis describes some of the statistical methods using for time series analysis with seasonal component and some of the statistical methods using only for analysis of seasonal component. In the analytical level, these statistical methods are applied to demographic time series. The seasonal component is analysed in more detail, and the progress and type of the seasonal component is compared between several european country. This thesis brings and shows some of the interesting trends, which are appeared in analysed demographic time series. Last but not least, this thesis also provides the preview on the application of some not usually using statistical methods.
The position of older people in the labour market in selected EU countries
Oríšková, Adéla ; Šimková, Martina (advisor) ; Miskolczi, Martina (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to analyse the development of economic activity of persons aged 55 or older in the period from 2005 to 2014 and their position in the labour market in the Czech Republic, Greece and Sweden. In addition to the definitions of terms related to demography, economics and social policy, the thesis examines the factors influencing the employment of older people and the EU's approach towards the increasing proportion of the older population in the workforce. Further, it provides an analysis of the position of older people in the labour market. The analysis based on the employment rate and unemployment rate indicators shows that the situation of older workers in the labour market differs in the selected countries.
Comparison of the level of fertility rate in selected EU countries.
Lešníková, Barbora ; Miskolczi, Martina (advisor) ; Cséfalvaiová, Kornélia (referee)
The objective of this diploma thesis is on one side to analyze the fertility rate in Slovakia, Czech republic and Sweeden and to compare their development after the fall of the communist establishment from 1990 till 2014 and on the other side to categorize these countries to clusters of EU countries based on chosen variables using multidimensional statistical analysis. I consider the second chapter of the thesis, which focuses on analysis of intensity of fertility rate using direct standardization as well as on verification, whether connection between clusters of EU countries and their geographical location exists, to be my personal addition to the addressed issue. Based on my analyses, the conclusion of the thesis is a finding, that countries, which support reduced working hours have a higher total fertility rate. For that reason, if the natality is about to grow, it is a must to concentrate not only on states family politics but mainly to support the ability of young mothers to become part of a regular working process while on their maternity leave.
Maternity in later age or phenomenon of the present time
Zadražilová, Jana ; Miskolczi, Martina (advisor) ; Antovová, Michaela (referee)
The bachelor´s work concerns with maternity in late age and lays the goal to draft present trends showing in the Czech Republic, using qualitative research to reveal the opinions and experience of women facing the mentioned problem and find out how much they are influenced in decision about the time of birth of the child by the partner. The work brings basic historical overview of changes in family behaviour, theoretical approaches that try to explain these changes and moreover it devotes also to occurence of evolutional defects at children of older mothers, also older fathers and rising interest about methods of assisted reproduction in connection with still rising age of mothers. Using the analysis of the trends of fertility from the year 1989 was found that it got to decrease of total fertility and specific rate of fertility is still moving to higher age of women but with lower intensity. The average age of women is still rising and with this also the number of performed cycles of assisted reproduction. In the same time also the occurence of inborn defects at the age of women 35 and more is relatively high. Thanks to qualitative research were in most of cases confirmed the arguments for postponement of maternity got from the professional literature. Moreover was found low level of knowledge about the occurence of inborn defects at children of older expectant mothers and relying on the methods of assisted reproduction in case of inability to become pregnant. The attitude of the partner in deciding about the time to have the first baby is either the same as the woman partner or the attitude of the woman is in this matter primary. In question of having a baby or not is deciding the attitude of the partner.

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