National Repository of Grey Literature 8 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Political Poetry of Derick Thomson
Poncarová, Petra Johana ; Procházka, Martin (advisor) ; Dunbar, Rob (referee) ; Markus, Radvan (referee)
This dissertation focuses on the political verse and journalism by the Scottish Gaelic poet, scholar, publisher, and activist Derick Thomson (Ruaraidh MacThòmais, 1921-2012). The chosen set of themes can be broadly described as "political issues", although Thomson should not be regarded only as a political poet in the narrow sense of a propagandist, nor does his political poetry deal with elections and campaigns. The political aspect of his poetry is much broader, including concerns with language and power. Politics also represent the connection between Thomson's multiple activities, and therefore a suitable framework in which to explore them. So far, the prevailing paradigm for studying Thomson's works has been the poetry of place, a concept deeply rooted in the Gaelic tradition, and both popular and critical attention was paid especially to his Lewis poems and, to a less extend, his writing about Glasgow. This dissertation strives to provide answers to the following questions: Which political issues can be traced in Thomson's poetry? What were his main concerns? How does he handle politics in his verse? Are there poems where a political interpretation might be constructed, but that also allow other ways of reading? What were Thomson's actual political convictions, as far as we can reconstruct...
The Reception of Irish Literature and Drama in Czech Translation
Laurincová, Alžběta ; Pilný, Ondřej (advisor) ; Markus, Radvan (referee)
1 Abstract The main aim of the thesis is to introduce the problematics of Czech translations from Irish literature published in the Czech Lands in the period between 1945 - 2014. The author of the thesis provides the list of the authors that were translated in the Czech Lands in that period, and comments upon the literary tradition related to it. Due to the extensive amount of works, the thesis is divided into several chapters, introducing four specific periods: 1945 - 1948 (the end of WWII - the beginning of the Soviet control), 1949 - 1968 (Soviet control - the occupation of the Troops of Warsaw Pact), 1969 - 1989 (the occupation - Velvet Revolution) and 1989 - 2014 (Velvet Revolution - "Velvet Divorce" - the present day). In each chapter the historic introduction is provided mainly to foreshadow the context of the whole era. The discussion about the translations from Irish literature consists from general list of works by individual authors and comments upon their presence at the Czech literary market, the frequency of publishing, the reception of individual authors etc. The author also considers the socio-political occurences that might have influenced the final shape of the Irish-Czech literary canon, and, when possible, tries to demonstrate the extent of such influence.
Aided Derbforgaill: Recurrent motifs in Early Irish Literature and their Relation to the Status of Women
Němečková, Hana ; Markus, Radvan (advisor) ; Pilný, Ondřej (referee)
THESIS ABSTRACT The main focus of this thesis is the examination of the representation of women in the Ulster Cycle, especially in the instances where they cross the boundaries of their gender and participate in activities usually associated with the world of heroes and kings, such as bragging and competitions to establish one's highest status. As the recurrent motifs in the Ulster Cycle are numerous, this thesis discusses only those present in The Violent Death of Derbforgaill (Aided Derbforgaill), a short yet moving tale about a violent death of the female protagonist. The motifs include bragging, competitions, violence, love-triangles and deaths caused either by jealousy or a strong emotion, but perhaps the most surprising of them all is the motif of urination, which also appears in the longest epic of the Ulster Cycle, The Cattle Raid of Cooley (Táin Bó Cuilnge). Special attention is paid to the way how these transgressions influence the honour of women in the heroic society, as well as to the notion of women's honour itself, e.g. to what extent is their honour dependent on their husbands, what qualities are honoured in aristocratic women and whether the female characters tend to accept their secondary position in the society. A useful comparison is provided by the examples of Otherworldly women, as...
The Weekend of Dermot & Grace: Eugene R. Watters' Long Modernist Poem
Světlík, Martin ; Markus, Radvan (advisor) ; Theinová, Daniela (referee)
The oeuvre of the Irish poet, novelist, playwright and essayist Eugene Rutherford Watters (later publishing under the name Eoghan Ó Tuairisc), who wrote both in English and Irish, has been mostly neglected by literary criticism. This thesis focuses on Watters' ambitious long modernist poem The Week-End of Dermot and Grace (1964), which has so far received only perfunctory critical treatment. Formally, The Week-End shows clear affinities with the works of high modernism (especially with the poetry of T.S. Eliot), especially in terms of poly- and multivocal qualities of Watters' overtly allusive language and the liberal employment of wide-ranging intertextual references. On the thematic level, the poem centres around Watters' preoccupation with the dropping of the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima on 6th August 1945 by the American forces, a momentous event that impelled the poet to questions about faith, civilisation, technology, and collective guilt in the context of the Irish neutral stance during the Second World War. Reflections on Hiroshima also led him to contemplate the role of the poet and poetry in the modern "atomic age". Given the aforementioned qualities of the work, the method chosen for the analysis consists of a close reading of the poem in the light of the historical, literary, and...
From the Woods of Raasay to Glasgow Streets: Poetry of Place in the Works of Sorley MacLean and Derick Thomson
Poncarová, Petra Johana ; Procházka, Martin (advisor) ; Markus, Radvan (referee)
This thesis focuses on the poetry of place in the works of the two most important figures of modern Scottish Gaelic verse: Sorley MacLean (Somhairle MacGill-Eain, 1911-1996) and Derick Thomson (Ruaraidh MacThòmais, 1921-2012). Both poets exhibited a keen interest in poetry of place, although each one approached it from a very different angle: MacLean's poetry is proudly local and audaciously universal at the same time, moving from the Cuillin of Skye to Spain and Russia in the space of one stanza, while Thomson inquires in the ways in which the island environment, in terms of nature, language and religion, shapes the individual psyche, memory and creative abilities, and he is also a significant poet of the city. The opening chapter gives reasons for the choice of these two authors, introduces the structure and method of the thesis, and outlines what is meant by "poetry of place." It also sums up different theoretical approaches to places and discusses important features of Scottish Gaelic poetry of place of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, as both poets employed, altered and contradicted certain traditional patterns and motifs. The second chapter provides a context for the subsequent discussion by explaining the basic facts about the linguistic, social and cultural conditions of Gaelic...
The Evolution of the Hero and the Villain
Čabartová, Kristýna ; Clark, Colin Steele (advisor) ; Markus, Radvan (referee)
Thesis Abstract - English The thesis aimed to identify changes in the character of the hero and the villain and to determine the socio-cultural factors which influence them (religion, feminism, globalization and capitalism), with specific focus on the trends which merge distinctive qualities of heroes and villains and reduce their differences to a point where the reader's sympathies shift from the hero to the villain or until they are indistinguishable from each other. The hypothesis was that moral relativism, whose popularity expanded during globalization, was the most significant factor in the current merging qualities of heroes and villains. Due to the great number of factors, the focus was mainly on the analysis of influences present in the twenty-first century, and only briefly outlined their historical evolution. The primary focus was on modern cross-over fantasy (mainly high fantasy) with stress on the main characters, analyzing the changes in their description, qualities and the way their behavior is portrayed, while attempting to explore the respective sociological reasons behind them. The first chapter provided definitions of the term fantasy and characterized the hero and the villain, reaching the conclusion that these terms are continually evolving and, in the era of modern fantasy, became too...
The Liturgy of Revolution: Political Theory of Patrick Pearse between Catholicism and Modernism
Ruczaj, Maciej ; Pilný, Ondřej (advisor) ; Markus, Radvan (referee) ; Ní Ghaibhí, Róisín (referee)
Dublin Easter Rising of 1916 is widely recognized as an example of an intersection between nationalism and religion due to its use of the Christian symbolism of redemption via sacrifice. The religious aura, surrounding its leader and main ideologue, Patrick Pearse, was both a source of his posthumous "triumph" - the Irish independence shaped to a large extent by his legacy, and his "black legend" of the spiritual father of the sectarian violence in the twentieth century Irish politics. Due to the high degree of politicization of the debate over Pearse's role in Irish history, his intellectual legacy was rarely treated sine ira et studio. After a delineation of the problematic legacy of Pearse in the context of Irish Studies and the general introduction to the theme of the relations between nationalism and religion, this work proceeds to the re-examination of the place of religion in Pearse's thought. Pearse's conceptualization of Irish nationalism should be perceived as a synthesis emerging from the interplay between his deep indebtedness to the religious mind-frame and the Romantic and modernist influences that shaped the atmosphere of the pre-1914 Europe. It is based on a structural analogy between the Church and the nation. The analogy is created by means of a mechanism of the transposition of...
Ironic Myths and Broken Images: Reflections of the 1798 Rebellion in Twentieth-Century Irish Fiction and Drama
Markus, Radvan ; Pilný, Ondřej (advisor) ; Procházka, Martin (referee) ; Mac Craith, Micheal (referee)
The 1798 Irish rebellion together with the preceding decade is justly regarded as a watershed event in the forming of Irish national identity. Therefore it is not surprising that it has inspired numerous, and often conflicting, interpretations in both historiography and literature. This study concentrates on both English- and Irish-language historical novels and plays written about the rebellion in the course of the twentieth century, especially after the year 1916. Attention is drawn to the interpretations of the event contained in these literary works, comparing them to the various views of 1798 as they have evolved in Irish historiography. As the rebellion, especially from the 1970s onward, has been increasingly seen in the light of the later conflict in Northern Ireland, this connection has an important place in the analysis. On the theoretical level, the thesis draws from the findings of Hayden White, who has famously questioned the border between historiographical and fictional treatments of historical events. At the same time, this relativism is complemented by selected features of the philosophy of Paul Ricoeur, who highlighted the inevitable ethical questions connected to representations of history. In accordance with the theoretical preliminaries, the study explores the relative value of...

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2 Markus, Radek
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