National Repository of Grey Literature 60 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Territorial Disputes of the 21st Century in the Context of Resources Security
Machytka, Daniel ; Karásek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Střítecký, Vít (referee)
Mgr. Daniel Machytka, Ph.D. Abstract This thesis focuses on the comparison of four selected territorial disputes and on the analysis of their related realities with an emphasis on the strategic importance of these disputed areas. The chosen topics were the territorial dispute between Russia and Japan over the Kuril Islands, the dispute between Argentina and Great Britain over the Falkland Islands, and then two multilateral territorial disputes over the Paracel and Spratly Islands in the South China Sea. This work presents these researched disputes not only from their historical point of view but also with regard to valid international regulations, especially with regard to the rules based on the regulation of the law of the sea, which was adopted in 1982 by the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. Last but not least, the development of such disputes was studied as close as possible to the present time, when the main time period of the presented research was the period from the beginning of the 21st century. The studied territorial disputes were first analyzed separately and then compared together in order to discover mutual macro-causal connections and key similarities. The biggest similarity is the potential for conflict, which is evident from the actions that national states use to dominate their area of...
Energy security of European union: options to enhance it with an accent on renewable energy sources
Machytka, Daniel ; Jeníček, Vladimír (advisor) ; Němcová, Ingeborg (referee) ; Baláž, Peter (referee) ; Kučerová, Irah (referee)
This doctoral thesis focuses on Energy security of European Union with and accent on use of renewable energy sources as an energy security instrument. Main goal of this thesis was to identify, verify and then postulate options that could enhance current state of energy security of European Union. Main instrument of this activity is a theoretical model which introduces three specific options. First option is about off-grid and partially on-grid system used for home and autonomy energy production. Second option is a synergic link of infrastructure for off-shore wind farms with a marine energy. Third option is a maximization of energy efficiency, energy savings and energy storage concepts. Energy efficiency was identified as hierarchical condition mandatory for every single introduced options. All introduced options were verified against European energy law, against principles of energy security and against economical and security criteria. Final and most important criteria for plausibility of such options is embodied in European energy policy and current energy and climate strategies.
Trade policy of local content at the example of Brazil
Kalkusová, Marie ; De Castro, Tereza (advisor) ; Machytka, Daniel (referee)
The local content is a measure that aims to develop national industries. The first part of this thesis analyses the trade and industrial policy at the example of this measure. Applying this policy, developing countries try to keep the crucial role in key sectors constituting a significant part of GDP. However, the protectionist nature of the measure is often internationally criticized and represents a target of disputes at the World Trade Organization, as outlines the second chapter. The third part of this thesis explores the use of local content in the oil and automobile industries of the Brazilian economy.
International trade with uranium
Lešková, Tereza ; De Castro, Tereza (advisor) ; Machytka, Daniel (referee)
These thesis provide basic information about the uranium taking civilian and also military use into account. In this work, uranium market is being analysed and the impact of the production of the mineral resources on the country's economy is being assessed. The main goal of this work is to map the market with the uranium from the perspective of two main producers, Kazakhstan and Australia, and the European Union as a valuable importer of this comodity. The partial goal is to evaluate Nigerian economy to answer the question whether this country as a fourth world producer of uranium suffers from Dutch disease.
The future of conventional energetics in the Transformation to a low carbon EU economy
Szarvasová, Jana ; Vondrušková, Barbora (advisor) ; Machytka, Daniel (referee)
Thesis has the aim to explore by usage of problem of global warming the interaction between two decarbonisation instruments of the European economy. The first instrument is the European emissions trading system, and the second one is a binding target share of renewable energy sources in the final energy consumption by 2020 distributed to national commitments. The thesis is divided into four chapters: the first one describes the issue of global warming, the second one characterizes the EU ETS, and third one shows the implementation of RES and the last chapter explores the interaction of the EU ETS and RES.
Science and research as a driving force of Israeli economy
Stropkaiová, Aneta ; Stuchlíková, Zuzana (advisor) ; Machytka, Daniel (referee)
Israel, known as Silicon Wadi, has become the second most important technology center in the world. A small country, surrounded by enemies, in a constant state of war since its founding, has become "start-up nation" responsible for helping move mankind forward with technology and science. The aim of the thesis is to find out factors contributing to the success of Israeli technological centers and evaluate the role of research and development in Israeli economy. The thesis consists of three chapters. The first chapter is the theoretical introduction to the economic growth. The second chapter concentrates on factors of economic growth, that influence Israeli economy. The last chapter analyses clasters and start-ups in Israel.
Russia in the context of energy security
Řeřicha, Jan ; Bič, Josef (advisor) ; Machytka, Daniel (referee)
This bachelor thesis refers to Russian energy sector in the context of energy security. The main goal of this thesis is to compare importance of European and Asian markets for export of Russian energy. After a theoretical introduction in first chapter two main markets for export of crude oil and gas are described. Second chapter relates to European Union as a consumer of Russian energy, dependence of some states is measured, and main pipelines are mentioned. Third chapter analyzes China as the most important region outside EU and other partners -- Japan and South Korea. In Eastern Russia, new energy projects are built, which will increase the capacity for export to Eastern Asia. Last chapter points out problems of Russian energy sector -- low level of efficiency, depletion of production and investment. Economic and political importance is introduced.
Natural gas in the world economy with a focus on new trends in the EU
Polednik, Petr ; Vošta, Milan (advisor) ; Machytka, Daniel (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with natural gas and its importance for the world economy. The thesis focuses on new trends in the EU which mainly relate to shale gas and the transportation of natural gas. The first chapter characterizes generally natural gas, its origin and its way from a reservoir to a consumer. It also analyzes the controversial extraction of shale gas. The second chapter focuses on individual regions and leading countries in production, consumption, export and import of natural gas. It also describes natural gas reserves and transportation and the world's biggest gas companies. The third chapter, which deals with countries of the EU, contains the same subheads as the previous chapter. Moreover, it describes the development of the EU energy policy.
Global terrorism and its impact on oil trading
Paulíková, Kristýna ; Vošta, Milan (advisor) ; Machytka, Daniel (referee)
The goal of this thesis is to describe the theory of international relations, terrorism and the influence of terrorism on the international trade with oil. Three terrorist attacks were chosen for the purpose of this thesis: the September 11th, 2001 attacks in the United States, the Madrid bombings on March 11th, 2004 and the London bombings of July 7th, 2005. This thesis analyzes the influence of each of the attacks on oil prices and oil trade in the countries affected by these attacks.
Relationship between Russia and EU in field of energetics
Sapronova, Yulia ; Vondrušková, Barbora (advisor) ; Machytka, Daniel (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with relationship between Russia and European Union in field of energetics. Its main purpose is to determine whether this relationship is essential for both sides and whether they have possible alternatives. First chapter tells about history of developement of this relationship and creation of energy policy in EU and Russia. Second chapter describes current situation and identifies its main drivers in field of cooperation and problematic issues. Last chapter deals with new trends, discusses the problem of european energy dependence on Russia and argues about possible changes due to current situation in Ukraine.

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