National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The study of properties of anticancer drugs ellipticine, etoposide and doxorubicin in the forms of nanocarriers
Lengálová, Alžběta
Currently available anticancer therapies are inadequate and spur demand for improved technologies. Among others, the utilization of nanocarriers for anticancer drug delivery has shown great potential in cancer treatment. Nanocarriers can improve the therapeutic efficiency of the drugs with minimization of the undesirable side effects. To evaluate potential application of this technology, two forms of nanocarriers have been studied: multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and apoferritin. The aim of this study was to determine, whether given cytostatics (ellipticine, etoposide and doxorubicin) are bound to these nanotransporters and how are they released from them, especially depending on pH. Since the pH of the tumor cells is lower than the pH of healthy cells it would be preferred that the drugs would release from nanocarriers at the lower pH while at the physiological pH the release of the drug would be eliminated. The results found show that ellipticine is actually released from its MWCNT- and apoferrtin-encapsulated form at acidic pH (5.0), while at pH 7.4 its interaction with nanocarriers is stable. Ellipticine released from MWCNT is activated by microsomal enzymes to reactive metabolites (13- hydroxyellipticine and 12-hydroxyellipticine) forming DNA adducts. The results indicate that both...
The study of properties of anticancer drugs ellipticine, etoposide and doxorubicin in the forms of nanocarriers
Lengálová, Alžběta ; Stiborová, Marie (advisor) ; Martínková, Markéta (referee)
Currently available anticancer therapies are inadequate and spur demand for improved technologies. Among others, the utilization of nanocarriers for anticancer drug delivery has shown great potential in cancer treatment. Nanocarriers can improve the therapeutic efficiency of the drugs with minimization of the undesirable side effects. To evaluate potential application of this technology, two forms of nanocarriers have been studied: multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and apoferritin. The aim of this study was to determine, whether given cytostatics (ellipticine, etoposide and doxorubicin) are bound to these nanotransporters and how are they released from them, especially depending on pH. Since the pH of the tumor cells is lower than the pH of healthy cells it would be preferred that the drugs would release from nanocarriers at the lower pH while at the physiological pH the release of the drug would be eliminated. The results found show that ellipticine is actually released from its MWCNT- and apoferrtin-encapsulated form at acidic pH (5.0), while at pH 7.4 its interaction with nanocarriers is stable. Ellipticine released from MWCNT is activated by microsomal enzymes to reactive metabolites (13- hydroxyellipticine and 12-hydroxyellipticine) forming DNA adducts. The results indicate that both...
Detection of Hsp70 protein in plants exposed to various stress factors.
Lengálová, Alžběta ; Hýsková, Veronika (advisor) ; Liberda, Jiří (referee)
! Plants are continuously exposed to various stress conditions. Being sessile, they are not able to escape from adverse conditions. Therefore, they have developed specific defence mechanisms. Most studies focus on plant responses to a single type of stress. However, plants in nature must cope with a variety of stresses at the same time. In this work, the effects of heat shock on the interaction of tabaco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) with the Potato virus Y (PVY) were investigated. Obviously, heat stress is associated with the synthesis of Hsp70 protein, which has many important functions alleviating adverse effects of stress conditions (e.g. Hsp70 participates in refolding or degradation of damaged proteins and protein syntetis de novo). The effect of Hsp70 during viral infection is still not fully understood, some studies revealed Hsp70 as a part of viral multiplication and transport processes in plant. In the first experiment performed in this work, higher levels of PVYNTN virus was found in tobacco plants that have been exposed to heat shock after inoculation than in plants only infected. The amount of the virus corresponded with the amount of Hsp70 protein detected immunochemically using a specific antibody. It seems that the plant response to combination of heat stress with viral infection is a...

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