National Repository of Grey Literature 8 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Analytical Derivatization for Identification of Electrochemical Oxidation Products of Fentanyls
Barták, P. ; Skopalová, J. ; Jerga, R. ; Štolbová, D. ; Navrátil, Tomáš ; Langmaier, Jan
Analytical derivatization and GC-MS analysis were employed for the identification of main\nproducts from the electrochemical oxidation of fentanyl derivatives. Chemical derivatization\nprovides proof of the chemical reactivity of functional groups in oxidation products and serves\nfor the chemical conversion of target compounds into the second series of derivatives to confirm\nthe identification of particular products. Using the direct GC-MS analysis of oxidation products,\nderivatization of aldehydes with cysteamine and derivatization of amides by acidic hydrolysis\nand subsequent reaction with ethylchloroformiate, phenylacetaldehyde, and Nphenylpropanamide\nwere unambigously identified as oxidation products from fentanyl,\nthiophen-2-ylacetaldehyde, and N-phenylpropanamide from sufentanil, and\nphenylacetaldehyde and 2-furanilid from furanylfentanyl.
Ion Transfer Voltammetry across the Polarized Ionic Liquid/Water Interface: Base for Electrochemical Sensors
Langmaier, Jan ; Samec, Zdeněk
Some electrochemical techniques such as voltammetry at the polarized interfaces between two\nimmiscible electrolyte solutions (ITIES) represent interesting alternatives to classical\nelectrochemistry. The benefit of the ion transfer voltammetry lies in the possibility of detection\nof ionic species which are not otherwise redox active. The methodology enables apart of direct\ndetermination of ionic samples (including pharmaceutical and clinical ones) also to monitor\nreaction processes (acido-basic, enzymatic, etc.), determination of reaction substrates and\nproducts in one experimental step, evaluation of reaction and transport kinetics, and estimation\nof lipophilicity of involved species.
Preparation, Testing and Application of Amalgam Screen-Printed Electrodes
Josypčuk, Bohdan ; Langmaier, Jan ; Tvorynska, Sofiia
Silver amalgam screen-printed electrodes (AgA-SPEs) were designed, prepared, and tested for\nthe first time as perspective representatives among SPEs for measuring at high negative\npotentials. The precise coulometric preparation procedure for mercury deposition at the\nworking electrode surface of the commercial silver-SPE was developed. An optimal\nelectrolyzer construction for the mercury deposition, electrolyte composition, and electrolysis\nconditions were proposed. The maximum value of hydrogen overvoltage (-1979 ± 4 mV) was\nfound on AgA-SPE with 50% (w/w) of Hg content in 0.1 mol L-1 NaOH, which is more negative\nthan with the original silver-SPE for 387 mV (-1592 ± 12 mV).
Isolation and Characterization of Protoplasts and their Utilization for Model Membrane
Nováková, Kateřina ; Navrátil, Tomáš ; Šestáková, Ivana ; Langmaier, Jan ; Heyrovský, Michael ; Zámečníková, B. ; Vodičková, H.
Protoplasts are prepared form plant cells by removing their cell walls, which are usually destroyed mechanically or by enzymes. Protoplasts exhibit the spherical shape after removing of their cell walls. They can be isolated from a range of plant tissues: leaves, stems, roots, anthers, and even pollen. Plasmatic membranes surrounding protoplasts can be used as a source of model membranes. Therefore, some parts of plasmatic membranes or subcellular organelle membranes, which contain specific transport systems, can be isolated and integrated to model phospholipid membranes. State of such model membranes can be characterized by electrochemical impedance spectrometry (EIS) and the transported species can be determined with the use of voltammetric methods.
Effect of tetraalkylammonium cations on amperometric detection of heparin at a polarized water/ionic liquid membrane interface
Samec, Zdeněk ; Langmaier, Jan ; Samcová, E. ; Tůma, P.
Amperometric detection of heparin, which combines the spontaneous extraction of heparin into the ionic liquid (IL) membrane with its potential-driven stripping, is studied using IL composed of the tetradodecylammonium (TDDA+) cation and tetrakis[3,5-bis(trifluoro-methyl)phenyl]borate (TFPB-). In contrast to the IL membrane composed of tridodecylmethylammonium cation (TDMA+) and TFPB-, no promotion effect of the tetrapentylammonium cation (TPeA+) is observed. The absence of the effect is ascribed to a much weaker ion association between heparin and TDDA+, which does not support the accumulation of heparin into the IL phase.
Rheology of Ionic Liquids
Večeř, M. ; Pěnkavová, Věra ; Langmaier, Jan
This contribution deals with rheology of ionic liquids.

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