National Repository of Grey Literature 12 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Analysis of the Quality of life using cluster analysis and comparison with the Human Development Index
Pánková, Barbara ; Miskolczi, Martina (advisor) ; Langhamrová, Jana (referee)
Nowadays quality of life is often discussed topic. In defining this term, there is considerable ambiguity and disunity, since there is no universally accepted definition, nor theoretically sophisticated model. However, despite this fact, the level of quality of life is currently one of the most discussed topic. Monitoring the quality of life by using a variety of indicators are engaged in several international organizations, one of them is the Development Programme of the United Nations. This organization annually publishes the Human Development Index, which divides the world´s countries into four groups according to their level of development: low, medium, high and very high development. The aim of this thesis is to analyze the quality of life in 125 countries by using cluster analysis, accurately the Ward's method. Quality of life in this thesis is evaluated based on 19 demographic and economic indicators, which include life expectancy, literacy rate, access to drinking water and infant mortality rate. The cluster analysis divided the country into individual clusters by their similarities. Six clusters were created by this analysis, which had been compared with the results of Human Development Index. The clusters very well reflect the division, which is commonly used in the characterization of developing and developed countries. Each of the six clusters can be very well described and characterized in terms of quality of life. It is also possible qualify those clusters as poorest developing, low developed, moderately developed, medium development, high and very high development countries. Based on the results it can be stated that this analysis is consistent with other indicators of quality of life and the resulting clusters are identical with the division of countries which is commonly used.
Comparison of the mortality evolution in the Czech Republic and in the Slovak Republic after 1993
Slabý, Michal ; Langhamrová, Jana (advisor) ; Fiala, Tomáš (referee)
The aim of this bachelor thesis was to provide view of evolution and possible changes in death rate in Czech and Slovak Republic twenty years after separation. In thesis, mostly data from life tables and demographic annuals provided by EUROSTAT are used. Firstly are defined and explained basic indicators and methods, which are used to com-pare death rates across time and space. Then ways of data acquisition that are necessary for calculation these indicators and methods are explained. Then is explained death rate and eve-rything connected with this term. In next part evolution of population and age structure is described. After that the thesis continues with death rate at the beginning of life, quality of health care and characteristic of time series, within which specific death rates are counted as well. Next the thesis includes indicators of life expectancy with prediction of future progres-sion of life expectancy in Czech and Slovak Republic. Within prediction regression line was used. Results were then compared to projection of life expectancy provided by EUROSTAT. In the end of thesis we can find total evaluation of progression of both populations within 20 years from separation of Czechoslovakia. In thesis is used number of charts and tables, in which is clearly illustrated particular phenomenon within time interval. With help of these charts and tables, which were for maxi-mal objectivity constructed using data from EUROSTAT only, comments are made for par-ticular phenomena in Czech and Slovak Republic.
The Analysis of Mortality in the Czech Republic
Lorencová, Šárka ; Langhamrová, Jana (advisor) ; Fiala, Tomáš (referee)
The aim of this bachelor thesis was to analyze mortality in the Czech Republic and compare it with mortality in the European Union and some european countries. This study was based on few mortality indicators, mostly on the life expectancy at birth. Life tables for the European Union and for the Czech Republic were designed for this purpose, using data from Eurostat and Czech Statistical Office. Life expectancy at birth was used for the analysis of mortality development in the Czech Republic from 1990's until now, where the subject of research was the time series of life expectancy at birth in period 1990-2014 for men and women. Thesis is also devoted to a comparation of mortality in the Czech Republic and three european countries from quite a different point of view. The aim of this analysis is to discover whether the mortality of some countries is influenced by the nearby sea. Life expectancy at birth was the main used indicator again together with life expectancy at the age of 65 years. Italy, Greece and Croatia were the analysed countries. Another part of this thesis is dealing with the idea of possible influence of accession to the European Union on the mortality in the Czech Republic. Infant mortality time series were used for this analysis, as well as time series of life expectancy at birth for men and women. The development of these indicators was analysed in graphs and with the help of time series characteristics. There is also a description of possible future development of Czech Republic's mortality in this thesis, based on the projection of mortality from Eurostat database - the main scenario and the higher life expectancy variant. The development of each mortality indicator is illustrated by a number of graphs and some tables. This thesis also includes methodical instructions for calculation of mortality rates, time series characteristics and detailed decsription of life table designing.
Vývoj střední délky života a dlouhověkosti v ČR
Fridrichová, Barbora ; Miskolczi, Martina (advisor) ; Langhamrová, Jana (referee)
This diploma thesis analyzes trends in life expectancy of long-living people in the Czech Republic. Aim of this study is to compare developments in life expectancies for long-living people in the Czech Republic and Austria between 1960-2014, both in terms of predetermined age groups and between both sexes. This work also includes a projection of mortality rates and life expectancy. Projections are calculated for year 2050, specifically for people of 60 years and older, and it is based on mortality projections from the Czech Statistical Office. Values are given for men and women separately. While calculations and estimates show that life expectancy is extending, it impacts most developed countries with the burden of aging population, manifested by overal decline in mortality rates and increasing amount of elderly people. Historically in most societies an 80 year old, or older person was a rarity, but in recent years their number is increasing to the point of being a new normal. This trend is obviously positive, but it does pose a number of challenges for the respective societies, especially for their pension, social security and medical systems.
Demographic analysis of the city Decin, focused on social services
Švédová, Vlasta ; Fučíková, Simona (advisor) ; Langhamrová, Jana (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to analyze the current demographic situation in the city Decin with basic demographic indicators, also describe the social services provided to seniors in this city and by using population projections to estimate future development in this area and outline possible solutions in the social services. The work consists of two parts: theoretical and analytical. The first part explains the used demographic terms and methods, especially projection, there are also shown the characteristics of social services provided to seniors in Decin . The second part consists mainly of demographic analysis and population projection based on data from the Czech Statistical Office. The result of the analysis says that there will be the aging of population in Decin and population decrease as well as in the whole Czech Republic. This situation will strongly affect the area of social services this is why it is need to be solved now.
The forecast of attendance in Choceň up until the year 2015 through the time series
Leová, Monika ; Arltová, Markéta (advisor) ; Langhamrová, Jana (referee)
This thesis focuses on the analysis of the demographic development and student attendance at kindergartens and primary schools in Choceň. The main objective is to forecast the number of students enrolling in the first year program's up until the year 2015. Predicted numbers are then compared with the current capacities at these school institutes and, in conclusion, the appropriate solutions are suggested. Sample procedure and generated forecast can be useful to Choceň Council to prevent the problems with insufficient capacity at kindergartens and primary schools.
The development of assisted reproduction in Czech Republic
Syrovátková, Barbora ; Arltová, Markéta (advisor) ; Langhamrová, Jana (referee)
This bachelor's thesis deals with development and changes of assisted reproduction in the Czech Republic. It points out the reasons leading to usage of assisted reproduction. The thesis describes the ways of sterility cure with the assisted reproductive technologies, when the assisted reproductive technologies are considered to be such sterility cures, when women ovum and men sperm are treated. The thesis deals with results and achievements of sterility cure using the assisted reproduction. It also points out the success of selected assisted reproduction centres. A part of thesis describes the donation of sex cells and requirements necessary for donation itself. The main legal actions regarding the artificial insemination and legal law description of the most important concepts of assisted reproduction are summarized in the part. One of the parts describes the reimbursement of the treatments cycles of assisted reproduction by the health insurance centres. It also deals with the ethical questions regarding the artificial insemination and mainly regarding the sperm and ovum donation and also the point of view of the most important world's religions.
Statistical analysis of the development of the fecundity and fertility in the Czech Republic and the European Union
Opluštilová, Jolana ; Arltová, Markéta (advisor) ; Langhamrová, Jana (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the analysis of demographic development of fecundity and fertility in the Czech Republic and European Union. The total fertility rate and crude birth rate are the main demographic data this bachelor thesis is based on. The aim of the thesis is to determine the most suitable trend function for the number of all births in Czech Republic from 2003 to 2013. Secondary purpose of this bachelor thesis is to predict the number of all birth up until the year 2015.The results of the survey carried out in this bachelor thesis are hoped to be helpful to the experts dealing with the topic of the demographic development of fecundity and fertility.
The Analysis of Economic Dependency Ratio in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic
Čechová, Adriana ; Miskolczi, Martina (advisor) ; Langhamrová, Jana (referee)
The aim of this thesis was to find out how economic dependency ratio develops in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic from 1990 to the present, and to analyze based on results of official projections also anticipated future developments. Using statistical indexes (economic, old-age and young age dependency ratio) it was shown that the rate of ratio in both countries since 1990 gradually increases in the future and should continue this trend. In the Czech Republic seems to be more favorable than the situation in the Slovak Republic, where was, is and will be an enormous rise in the number and proportion of seniors.
Development of seasonality in typical seasonal demographic time series from 1994 to 2014
Bečvářová, Michaela ; Šimpach, Ondřej (advisor) ; Langhamrová, Jana (referee)
This thesis is focused on seasonality in typical demographic time series from 1994 to 2014. The aim of this thesis is to analyse seasonality in monthly time series of live births, deaths and marriages in the Czech Republic and to determine whether seasonality varies in time, whether there can be proven its rise or fall in dependence of changing human habits and traditions respectively. Each demographical process is defined by basic terms and characterized by both absolute and relative indicators. Monthly demographic time series are compared by using average seasonal indexes and further compared for years 1994, 2004 and 2014 by monthly seasonal indexes. The conclusion of this thesis is aimed on comparison of seasonality in time series of Finland and the Czech Republic.

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