National Repository of Grey Literature 15 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Magnetic field of current loops around black holes
Vrba, Šimon ; Semerák, Oldřich (advisor) ; Kofroň, David (referee)
The magnetic field of a testing current loop in the equatorial plane around a Schwarzschild and Kerr black holes is visualized. In particular, the cases of an extreme black hole and of a Kerr naked singularity are analyzed. The simplest models of massless thin and thick current disks around a Schwarzschild black hole are presented. 1
Beahvior of the solutions to the wave equation in compactified hyperboloidal slicing
Ivánek, Richard ; Ledvinka, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kofroň, David (referee)
In this bachelor thesis we discuss the effects of compactification and hyperboloidal slicing of spacetime in the numerical solution of wave equation primarily for their appli- cation in numerical relativity. The aim was to find the pros and cons of these concepts, to illustrate expected problems using diagrams and to rate the results obtained in spe- cific model problems. A brief explanation and demonstration of relevant numerical me- thods, hyperbolic Cauchy hypersurfaces, compactification and causal diagrams is a part of the thesis. As a conclusion, the effect of compactification and slicing on the accuracy of differential and integrational schemes was compared as well as the effect of discrete representation on the quality of initial data. 1
C-metric as a limit of photon rocket
Hauser, Vít ; Kofroň, David (advisor) ; Švarc, Robert (referee)
Tato práce se zabývá oblastí přesných řešení Einstenových rovnic. Toto téma zůstává po delší dobu předmětem soustředěného studia studia na MFF UK. Zaměřil jsem se na studium kosmické struny u metriky popisující akceleraci dvou černých děr, tzv. C-metriky. Cílem práce je přehledně shrnout vlastnosti několika skupin řešení - Robinson-Trautmanových řešení obecně; specificky fotonových raket a C-metriky. Následně pak ověřit možnost pře- vodu řešení založených na modelu fotonových raket na C-metriku. Zajímavou podúlohou je fokusace záření umožňující popis vakuové C-metriky. K řešení otázek v této oblasti se využívá systémů počítačové algebry k zjednodušování složitých výrazů. V druhé části je předložen problém nalezení alternativního popisu strun v rámci těchto řešení. Rozveden je i jednodušší problém Schwarzschildovy metriky proťaté kosmickou strunou. Podstatou řešení je hledání způsobu přechodu k těmto metrikám. Práce prezen- tuje a diskutuje řešení těchto úloh. Autorovi se, nicméně, nepodařilo popsat systematický způsob jak nalézat řešení s požadovanými vlastnostmi výsledné metriky. 1
Interpretation of the sources of the known solutions of Teukolsky equations
Mikeska, Václav ; Kofroň, David (advisor) ; Ledvinka, Tomáš (referee)
Many realistic astrophysical problems can be treated as perturbations. It turns out that the NP formalism is a very successful tool in electromagnetic perturbations on Kerr background. We investigate stationary axisymmetric test electromagnetic field generated by static axisymmetric charge distribution and stationary axisymmetric tangential cur- rents around Kerr black hole. We found a simple relation between electromagnetic field NP scalars φ0 and φ2 and then we got an explicit formula for the third NP scalar φ1 by solving Maxwell equations with electromagnetic sources. Next, we investigate the problem of visualisation of electromagnetic field and develop a visualisation method on arbitrary background, which emphasize local field measured by an observer. We illustrate this method with several examples of electromagnetic fields. 1
Black holes under the influence of strong sources of gravitation
Kotlařík, Petr ; Semerák, Oldřich (advisor) ; Kofroň, David (referee)
In this thesis we study a deformation of a black-hole spacetime due to another strong sources of gravity. Keeping within static and axially symmetric metrics, we consider a binary of Schwarzschild black holes held apart from each other by a repulsive effect of an Appell ring. After verifying that such a system can rest in static equilibrium (without any supporting struts), we compute its several basic geometric characteristics and we plot simple invariants determined by the metric functions (especially lapse, or, equivalently, potential) and by their first and second derivatives (gravitational acceleration and Kretschmann scalar). Then we extend the analysis below the black-hole horizon and inspect the behaviour of the scalars inside. The geometry turns out to be deformed in a non-trivial way, we even find regions of negative Kretschmann scalar in some cases. In the second part, we present a summary of the perturbative solution describing a slowly rotating system of a black hole surrounded by a thin finite circular disc, and an analysis of equatorial circular geodesics in such a spacetime. 1
Dynamic elektromagnetic fields in the Kerr spacetime
Skoupý, Viktor ; Ledvinka, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kofroň, David (referee)
In this thesis we study a test electromagnetic field in the vicinity of Kerr black hole and with methods of extraction of its rotational energy. We are investigating a process in which a particle moves in an electromagnetic resonator around Kerr black hole. The energy of the particle is transferred to the electromagnetic field and the particle falls into the black hole with negative energy. We begin with the derivation of Maxwell's and Teukolsky equations and their numerical solutions. We derive a boundary condition for an electromagnetic field on a spherical mirror around the black hole, find the field that satisfies this condition, and describe the procedure for numerical calculation. Next, we calculate the trajectories of charged test particles in such a field and find particles that fall into the black hole with negative energy. We have found that it is possible for the particle to fall into the black hole with the energy of −124% of its rest mass, and the parameters of the electromagnetic field and trajectory of the particle need to be carefully selected.
Comparison of Brill waves with the fields of singular rings
Sychrovský, David ; Semerák, Oldřich (advisor) ; Kofroň, David (referee)
Circular matter rings are a natural zero approximation of stationary and axially symmetric structures which appear in astrophysics. If the rings are infinitesimally thin (line sources), they are singular, which in the general relativistic description typically implies weird deformation of space in their vicinity. In particular, and contrary to the Newtonian picture, such rings even tend to behave in a strongly directional manner. One solution is to consider non-singular, extended sources (toroids), which may however be difficult to treat exactly and/or be unsatisfactory in other respects. In this thesis we check another option, namely to abandon the "real matter" completely and consider a non-singular source represented by mere curvature arranged, at least at some instant, in a pattern possessing the above symmetries. One such solution of Einstein's equations is known as the Brill waves; we study its properties at the moment of time symmetry (when it is momentarily static), in order to compare it with the space-times of matter rings. 1
Electromagnetic rotational superradiance
Bára, Václav ; Ledvinka, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kofroň, David (referee)
We show the scattering of electromagnetic radiation on a rotating cylinder and a rotating sphere using formalism of the vector spherical harmonics in this thesis. If a specific condition is satisfied then we can observe the rotational superradiance, phenomena originally discovered by Y. B. Zel'dovich in 1970s saying that the radiation can gain power by scattering on a rotating body. In this particular case there is an underlying principle of the rotational superradiance, the energy dissipation in the form of Joule heating created due to the induction of surface currents on the conductor. Superradiance can occur in the radiation scattering on the rotating black hole background, although there is no dissipation present. We summarize the results of scattering on the Kerr black hole from the literature, including an application called Black hole bomb, when the black hole is enclosed into a perfectly reflecting mirror. We show that for the lowest modes of the radiation at specific intervals the general relativity results can be approximated by scattering on the flat spacetime.
Principles of gravitational-wave detection
Přeučil, Filip ; Ledvinka, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kofroň, David (referee)
In the present work we investigate the impact of weak gravitational wave in the linearized theory of gravity on a simple model of an interferometric gravitational wave detector, whose individual parts (mirrors, and electromagnetic field) are idealised by free test particles. After a necessary, fairly popularly conceived introduction to gravitational wave theory in the linearized gravity, the astrophysical sources of the gravitational waves, the possibilities of their detection and the principles of the detectors, we provide a mathematical survey of the indispensable parts of general relativity and of the linearized theory of gravity. After that, we finally deal with the model itself. In the linear approximation with respect to the perturbations, we solve the equations of motion of the individual components and derive the detector response to a gravitational wave. Finally, we present a few comments, including a proof of gauge invariance of the derived formula.

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