National Repository of Grey Literature 10 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The motif of violence in short stories of Silvina Ocampo
Koňaříková, Kateřina ; Housková, Anna (advisor) ; Kazmar, Vít (referee)
(in English): The aim of this work is to analyse selected short stories of the Argentinian writer Silvina Ocampo, which combines the element of violence, cruelty and crime. The work is focused on the original elements of fantastic, which are often referred to as "fantastic everyday life" and puts it in connection with the motive of violence and the presence of crime. In the introduction, it summarizes the author's work and outlines the concept of modern fantasy and its difference from the traditional form. It briefly introduces the concepts of violence and cruelty from the perspective of literature, philosophy and psychology. The short stories selected for analysis are based on the short story sets Viaje olvidado, Autobiografía de Irene, La furia and Las invitadas. A detailed analysis of short stories aims to examine the motive for violence in relation to fantasy and childhood elements. It examines child characters, perpetrators and victims of violence, which takes place in a fantastic setting. In the end, it compares the tools of fantasy construction such as metamorphosis, duality or elements of irony.
Carmen Martín Gaite, a modern woman
Daniššová, Alexandra ; Sánchez Fernández, Juan Antonio (advisor) ; Kazmar, Vít (referee)
DANIŠŠOVÁ, Alexandra. Carmen Martín Gaite, a modern woman. [Diploma thesis]. - Charles University. Faculty of Arts; Department of Romance studies. Hispanic studies. - Supervisor: doc. Juan Antonio Sánchez Fernández, Ph.D. Prague: FF UK, 2020. pp. 67. The aim of this diploma thesis is to point out the constant elements or themes that Carmen Martín Gaite deals with in her narrative work. The starting point of our work are two novels selected by us from various creative periods of the author, Entre visillos (1957) and Irse de casa (1998). In the analysis of the given works, we will pay attention to how the given elements stay permanent in the author's work across time, as she herself exceeded her time. Constant in her works are the characters protruding from the crowd, among whom are mainly women who do not accept their place reserved in the society by regime. The mentioned elements include a window as a stimulus to imagination and escape from everyday frustrations, a city as a space of freedom, a back room as a woman's personal space, a mother-daughter relationship or an absent interlocutor as a stimulus to self-analysis and the search for one's own identity. Keywords: Carmen Martín Gaite, female creation, back room, window, freedom, emancipation, independence, modernity, identity, imagination,...
A web of eyes. Irony and romanticism in the works of Jorge Luis Borges and Julio Cortázar
Kazmar, Vít ; Housková, Anna (advisor) ; Šišmišová, Paulína (referee) ; Petříček, Miroslav (referee)
A Web Of Eyes: Irony and romanticism in the works of Jorge Luis Borges and Julio Cortázar (Mgr. Vít Kazmar) Abstract The present doctoral thesis offers an interpretation of the works of Borges and Cortázar through the lens of romantic irony. It outlines the origin of the notion of irony from greek drama through philosophical dialogue to rhetorics. The main focus of the work is Schlegel's concept of romantic irony. Various aspects serve as a basis for the interpretation of the work of both Argentine writers in particular chapters: the struggle between enthusiasmus and scepsis in Borges (litotes) and Cortázar (novelistic dialogue), motive of the double, reflexivity in literature written in the spanish language from Cervantes to Borges, focusing on Borges' sources of inspiration (Carlyle, Fernández, Unamuno); Cortázars reflexive short stories, heteronyms of both authors (Morelli, Ménard); and finally the tendency to see the world from above, to constant transcendence of perspective in Borges' short stories and poems and in Cortázar's novel 62: A model kit, as well as in his poetics based on the works of John Keats.
Leopoldo Lugones and his Lunario sentimental. The symbol of the moon
Socháňová, Šarlota ; Poláková, Dora (advisor) ; Kazmar, Vít (referee)
(English) The aim of this thesis is to outline the work of an Argentinian modernism author, Leopoldo Lugones. It focuses on his collection of poems called Lunario sentimental, and later on, on the poems from the fourth chapter of this collection named Lunas. The first part of the thesis describes the collection in general, focuses on its structure, motives and style of the poet. The objective of the second part is to analyze individual poems and its content in particular as well as different themes or repetitive elements in the poems. The most important elements are, for example, irony and sarcasm, through which can the author see the moon in a very special way. Keywords: Leopoldo Lugones, poetry, irony, moon
Motive of dehumanization of a man in the contemporary mexican drama: Edgar Chías, Jaime Chabaud.
Melicharová, Tereza ; Housková, Anna (advisor) ; Kazmar, Vít (referee)
(in English) This thesis concerns of motive of the dehumanization in two contemporary pieces of mexican drama, play Rashid 9/11 of playwright Jaime Chabauda and play Crack o de las cosas sin nombre of Edgar Chías. First part of the thesis is concerned with the concept of dehumanization, as it is percieved by contemporary thinkers as K. P. Liessmann, K.P. Lorenc, M. F Foucault, J. F. Lyotard and others. The thesis investigate causes of phenomena, that a lot of sociologist and philosophers call "dehumanization" or "vanishing of humanity" and try to investigate it's traces in contemporary hypermodern society. Second part of thesis is dedicated to introducing studied plays in the context of world's dramatic creation of 20 and 21. century with the emphasy on the inspirational sources, that are meanted by authors of the plays. Third part of the thesis concerns of categories of dramatic space, time and characters with the accent on the analysis and interpretation of the theme of the dehumanization in all levels of the plays. Key words (in English): mexican drama Edgar Chías Jaime Chabaud Dehumanization Political theatre
The critic of Romanticism in Clarín's novels
Kopuletá, Hana ; Sánchez Fernández, Juan Antonio (advisor) ; Kazmar, Vít (referee)
The aim of this work is to analyze the critique of romanticism in Clarín's most famous novels La Regenta and Su único hijo, which lies in the realistic and naturalistic description of the appearance and characteristic of the main characters, in which we can find romantic elements as well. However, the author in his work assumes a rather ironic attitude towards these symptoms of certain romantic anachronisms. The critique of romanticism in Clarín's novels manifests itself mainly through various paradoxical situations, naturalistic descriptions or ridiculed characters. The first part of the paper is to present a theoretical introduction of the subject with characterization of different literary styles of the 19th century, i.e. romanticism, realism and naturalism, which elements appear in the analyzed novels. In the second part follows a brief presentation of the author and a detailed analysis of the critique of romanticism in his chosen novels, with more space dedicated to the work of La Regenta, which is considered to be the best Spanish novel of the 19th century.
Rhythm, sound and form in the work of art of Nicolás Guillén, Sóngoro Cosongo
Grešová, Martina ; Poláková, Dora (advisor) ; Kazmar, Vít (referee)
(English) Caribbean island of Cuba has enriched the world of sugar, rum, cigars, as well as music, dance and poetry. This is what will be the main topic of the given thesis. The art of the early 20th century has changed the view of the island and its inhabitants to a black man who became the center of attention and was the author and the source of inspiration, whether a black man or a white man. His temperament and culture, tradition and character are all aspects that affect the production of artists who devoted phenomenon called Negro poetry. One of the best-known and most influential, as Negro poet or as he says, mulato poetry is concerned, is undoubtedly, Nicolás Guillén. Man from Cuba, who was not afraid to talk about the race issues, even not afraid to open sensitive subject so as to help Cuba to consider the question of nation and culture. The main theme of the thesis, as the title of the thesis implies, sound, rhythm and format collection Sóngoro Cosongo and her selected poems. We will seek a more comprehensive view of the poems that were synonymous with the 1931 revolution. Gradually, we clarify the origin and intensively devote term as bozal, Negro poetry, son, pregón poetic form and rhythm. In conclusion, we will try analyze poem La canción del Bongo and to find the best sound, rhythmic...
Unamuno's religion (in reference to the Tragic sense of life and Saint Manuel Good, martyr)
Kotuľáková, Lívia ; Sánchez Fernández, Juan Antonio (advisor) ; Kazmar, Vít (referee)
(in English): Religion has an important role in the work of Miguel de Unamuno. This bachelor thesis deals with Unamuno's understanding of religion, mainly in works The Tragic Sense of Life in Men and Nations and in Saint Emmanuel the Good, Martyr. In thesis is present description of theoretical conception of Unamuno's religion, which is based on terms as inmortality of human soul, struggle between reason and faith and faith creating God as it's object. In my work is also mentioned a conception of religion in Unamuno's narrative work, Saint Emmanuel the Good, which is compared to theoretical ideas contained in The Tragic Sense of Life. The religion is pointed up as a connecting element between Unamuno's theoretical (or essayist) work and his narrative work. Emphasis is placed also on an importance of author's personal experience with religion. In thesis is also included a brief description of thinking of few philosophers and thinkers, which influenced on Unamuno or they had similar religious opinions as he did. In thesis is pointed up either parallelism or difference between opinions of Unamuno and these thinkers. There is a little space dedicated to The First Vatican Council, which introduced into catholic doctrine several important doctrines, which were critized by Unamuno.
Juan Filloy and the novel Op Oloop: A myth, an author, a work
Kazmar, Vít ; Housková, Anna (advisor) ; Sánchez Fernández, Juan Antonio (referee)
Vít Kazmar - Juan Filloy: A myth, an author, a work The work Juan Filloy: A myth, an author, a work focuses on the neglected Argentinian writer Juan Filloy (1894 - 2000) and its aim is to serve as an introduction to his work that has received little attention so far. Its first part is dedicated to the analysis of the myth that has spread around the author and completely eclipsed his work. It consists mainly of anecdotal features of his personality and it touches his work only superficially. However, the status of an unknown writer is determined in large part by Filloy's own decision to live in a small town and publish the books himself, as well as by his demanding style, wide vocabulary and often very provocative language and themes. However, it is possible to find some key attributes of his aesthetics in the myth about the author: the palindromes mean a turning toward language as well as the strict and disciplined approach; the wide vocabulary points to the desire of precision of expression etc. The majority of the work then concentrates on the analysis of the author's language and on the interpretation of the novel Op Oloop. The language of Juan Filloy is characteristic by contrast, clarity and order. The central stylistic tool is parallelism; the structure of sentences often becomes a space for...

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