National Repository of Grey Literature 6 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Monitoring process contaminants in coffee roasting using LC-MS
Ilyushchenkova, Alexandra ; Juglová, Zuzana (referee) ; Diviš, Pavel (advisor)
The bachelor thesis focuses on monitoring changes in the concentration of process contaminants during coffee roasting using liquid chromatography with mass detection. Green coffee was roasted at 220 °C for 14 minutes with two-minute intervals. Samples for analysis were taken from 10. by 24. minutes of roasting. Practical monitoring of the acrylamide’s formation during coffee roasting was not carried out, since it was not possible to detect acrylamide in coffee using a mass detector, even after its derivatization with thiosalicylic acid. The relevant data were taken from other scientific articles, which reported a linear increase in concentration with the roasting time up to the maximum value and a subsequent exponential decrease at the end of roasting. By monitoring 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, it was found that during roasting, this substance is gradually formed in coffee due to the decomposition of carbohydrates, however, with increasing roasting time, the degradation of this substance occurs quite quickly. The concentration of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural was also determined in coffee samples purchased in the trade network. Concentrations of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in these samples ranged from 0,3 to 0,38 mg/kg, which are corresponded to those reported in other expert studies.
Study of protein isolates digestibility
Čulíková, Andrea ; Juglová, Zuzana (referee) ; Pořízka, Jaromír (advisor)
Proteins are the structural components of all tissues of the human body. They are biopolymers that consist of amino acids. According to their origin, proteins are divided into plant and animal proteins. In the bachelor thesis, the properties of proteins isolated from wheat bran and commercial protein isolates from different plant and animal sources are discussed. Among the plant proteins, soy, almond, sunflower, chia and rice proteins were studied. Of the animal proteins, beef and whey proteins, among the most popular on the market, were studied. Specifically, the bachelor thesis deals with protein isolates, their composition, extraction methods by which protein isolates can be obtained from sources and subsequently their digestibility. The digestibility of protein isolates is one of the nutritional parameters that determines how well our body can utilize a given protein. In the experiments part, methods for the determination of protein content and digestibility in protein isolate samples were described. The Kjeldahl method was used to determine the protein content of the samples, and the results were then compared with the protein content indicated on the packaging. The enzymatic digestion process was simulated, the residue was subsequently lyophilized, and the digestibility of the protein isolate samples was studied gravimetrically. The results showed that whey protein was the best source of protein with respect to digestibility, with a PDCAAS value of 96.8% and a PDCAAS value of 0.94.
Determination of the risk elements and other elements concentration in animal feed
Křehlíková, Jana ; Juglová, Zuzana (referee) ; Diviš, Pavel (advisor)
This thesis deals with the determination of selected microelements and macroelements and risk elements in dog and cat food. The theoretical part describes the nutrition of dogs and cats and focuses on the safety of the food in the context of contamination with risk elements. Another topic discussed is the chemical analysis of feeds, specifically the determination of nutritionally important substances, beneficial elements, and contaminants. The experimental part deals with the preparation and digestion of feed samples and the subsequent analysis of these samples using ICP-OES and AAS methods. The detected concentrations of the elements of interest in the feeds were compared with the feed standards issued by the Department of Veterinary Medicine and the decree issued by the Ministry of Agriculture. The analysed feeds were found to be deficient in some elements. The content of the risk elements in the feed met the legal limits and did not pose a health risk to the animal. Elements for which the legislation does not provide a maximum permissible limit were present in the feed-in in high concentrations that could already harm the animal's health.
Cheese analogue with the addition of fish oil
Damborská, Alexandra ; Juglová, Zuzana (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
This barchelor thesis deals with the change in nutritional values of fresh cheese after the addition of fish oil. The subject of research is fatty acids, volatile substances and sensory properties. Fish oil was chosen mainly due to the content of healthy essential omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids eicosapentanoic (EPA) and docosahexanoic (DHA). Samples of fresh cheese (standard) and cheese analogues with various additions of fish oil were prepared on the premises of FCH VUT in Brno. Fat was extracted from the samples with a mixture of petrolether and diethylether solvents. The fatty acids in the fat were converted to methylesters by acid esterification in the presence of borontrifluoride as a catalyst. The methylesters were dissolved in isooctane and determined quantitatively by GC-FID. As the fish oil was added, the fatty acid content of the analogues increased as expected. Identification of volatile (aromatic) substances was performer using the HS-SPME-GC-MS method. A total of 30 volatile (aromatic) compounds were found in cheese/analogues and in fish oil. Cheese analogues with fish oil additions had a common volatile base with the standard and also contained compounds common to fish oil. As a percentage of each group, the cheese analogues resembled the control sample rather than the fish oil. A sensory analysis of a control sample with two analogues with different fish oil additions were performed. The evaluation was recorded in a sensory form with graphic scales and the texture (hardness, disintegration), taste (acidity, bitterness, fishy taste, pleasantness) and smell (intensity, pleasantness) were assessed. At the end, a seriál test was included, which clearly showed that the fish oil in both analogues significantly bothered consumers. The results show that the addition of fish oil increased the content of unsaturated fatty acids including very helthy omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) in the spectrum of unsaturated fatty acids. However, the results of the sensory analysis show that the increase in nutritional value took place at the expense of the sensory quality of the product. The addition on fish oil did not suit the vast majority.
Development of a method for determination of antibiotics in milk using high performance liquid chromatography
Juglová, Zuzana ; Pořízka, Jaromír (referee) ; Diviš, Pavel (advisor)
This diploma thesis focuses on optimization and validation of the method for a mixture of tetracycline antibiotics (oxytetracycline, tetracycline) determination using high performance liquid chromatography with a diode array detector (HPLC–DAD). The aim of this thesis was to determine suitability of the system for the determination of these antibiotics in milk. The theoretical part is focused on individual groups of antibiotics and their mechanism of action, resistances and possibilities of use. Next point of this thesis is legislation, which describes permitted amounts of antibiotics in milk. In this study, the HPLC method and validation parameter is described in detail. The experimental part deals with creation and optimization of the method and its validation. Following validation parameters were verified: system suitability, linearity, method accuracy, limit of detection and quantification, robustness. The results obtained indicate mostly suitable ratio of mobile phase of 0,01 M trifluoracetic acid:methanol:acetonitrile = 80:10:10. The wavelength 355 nm was found as the most feasible for this method after evaluating the result. Determination of robustness showed that the method is robust, and the only significant effect on the robustness was observed in column changes.
Production of organic acids by fibrous microscopic fungi and utilization of their biomass for removal of risk elements
Juglová, Zuzana ; Hudečková, Helena (referee) ; Urík,, Martin (advisor)
The aim of this bachelor thesis was to determine the most advantageous method for production of organic acids by microscopic flamentous fungus Aspergillus niger and to evaluate mercury bioaccumulation efficiency on collected fungal biomass. The theoretical part focuses primarily on utilization, metabolism and production on individual organic acids. This is followed by section focused on the toxicity of mercury and the principles of bioaccumulation of heavy metals in biomass. The experimental part focuses mainly on the optimization of cultivation, determination of content of produced organic acids, depending on the type of cultivation. Second point of practicle part is evaluating of mercury bioaccumulation depending on the initial concentration of mercury in solution. In overall comparison, the best type of cultivation is dynamic. Higher biomass yeild resulted in higher production of organic acids. The higher biomass synthesis is also beneficial for bioaccumulation of mercury.

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