National Repository of Grey Literature 17 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Three Essays on Labor Market Institutional Environment
Fialová, Kamila ; Schneider, Ondřej (advisor) ; Münich, Daniel (referee) ; Brada, Josef (referee) ; Dybczak, Kamil (referee) ; Janáček, Kamil (referee)
Charles University in Prague Faculty of Social Sciences Institute of Economic Studies Three Essays on Labor Market Institutional Environment Dissertation Thesis Kamila Fialová Prague 2012 Abstract This thesis consists of three papers about labor market institutional environment. The first paper "Labor Market Institutions and Their Effect on Labor Market Performance in the New EU Member Countries" estimates the effects of labor market institutions on various performance indicators (unemployment, long-term unemployment, employment, activity rate) in European countries. The results confirm that high taxes increase unemployment, whereas active labor market policies tend to reduce it. The paper also shows that stricter employment protection, higher taxes, and a larger economic burden represented by the minimum wage decrease employment and activity rates. The second paper "Labor Market Institutions and Their Impact on Shadow Economies in Europe" analyzes the role of labor market institutions in explaining developments of shadow economies in European countries using several alternative measures of the shadow sector. The results indicate that the one institution that unambiguously increases shadow production and employment is strict employment protection legislation. Other labor market institutions have less...
The Slovak pension reform
Mistríková, Diana ; Janáček, Kamil (advisor)
The first part of the thesis describes the history of the Slovak pension scheme until its recent reform, within an international context. The second half of the paper is split into two parts, first one devoted to the macroeconomic and microeconomic analysis of the Slovak republic with respect to the ageing population. The second part analyses the Czech case. In both cases I applied the one-country General Equilibrium Overlapping Generations Model (OLG). I show the impact of a changing population structure on the respective economies in the long run and how the possible reform scenarios (PAYG, Defined Contribution and Fully-Funded system) would alter these results.
Skopeček, Jan ; Janáček, Kamil (advisor)
Introduced graduation thesis engaged in chosen implications on joining the euro area by the Czech Republic. The main target is to find the response for question: How much contributive is to enter the European Monetary Union (EMU)? The thesis is divided into five chapters. The first one includes historical and political development of European monetary integration, institutional effectiveness and economic development analysis of EMU. Following section considers the topic of EMU as a optimum currency area – objective conditions are also tested by way of Czech Republic example. Here I came to the conclusion that conditions of optimum currency area are not satisfied in many respects. Chapter number three describes the topic of nominal convergence, chapter number four describes the topic of real and price level convergence. Czech Republic is being characterized by low price level whose stepwise fitting is expected to become more complicated by virtue of using common monetary policy. Cost-benefit analysis of joining EMU is mentioned in last chapter. The most significant cost is accounted a loss of independent monetary policy, on the other hand the stable exchange rate is believed to be the most considerable benefit. The recommendation stating that Czech Republic is advised to join EMU later date is mentioned in final conclusion.
Monetary policy in liquidity trap in Japan
Titze, Miroslav ; Janáček, Kamil (advisor) ; Pfeifer, Lukáš (referee)
Monetary policy in Japan is in a luquidity trap under convential monetary policy. Main source of deflation and stagnation of japanese economy is endogenous credit crunch. BoJ is not able to influence price level and economy by zero interest rate policy. Main cause of credit crunch is demand for credit because of high leverage of all sectors in economy. Credit crunch support financial problems on the supply side of the credit. Diploma thesis propose to use expansion fiscal policy as a convenient tool for resolution of japanese deflation and great stagnation. Expansion fiscal policy is effecient to overcome credit crunch and support economy and demand inflation throught restructuralization of balance sheets. Work considering current world debt crisis argue that expansion fiscal policy is the best solution to overcome debt crise.
Formation attractive investment conditions for foreign investor's on basis development monetary policy (Uzbekistan's problems)
Amonov, Kholnazar ; Tuček, Miroslav (advisor) ; Janáček, Kamil (referee) ; Kmoníček, Zdeněk (referee)
Abstract Attracting foreign investments to the economy in a large scale pursues long-term strategic goals for creating civilized, socially-oriented society in Uzbekistan, which is characterized by a high standard of living based on mixed economy. For stabilizing the economy and for improving the investments climate, it is necessary to take a number of arrangements, which will target on forming general terms of development of civilized market relations as well as on special conditions relating directly to problem solving -- how to attract the foreign investments. When analyzing the investment process in Uzbekistan, it is possible to say that the extent of attracting and efficiency of using the foreign investments on the national level as well on the regional levels very often depends upon the abilities to establish relevant legal and economic conditions within each phase of the development of the society. It is essential for Uzbekistan to try to attract foreign investments, which would help and support the development of the domestic industry and contribute to implementation of advanced technologies. Therefore volume of business exchange between the enterprises with foreign investments and Uzbek enterprises serves as a criterion for evaluation of successful attraction of foreign investments. We assume that positives brought by the involvement of foreign enterprises in the Uzbek market, must lie predominantly in using technologies for processing raw materials, which Uzbekistan is very rich in. Policy of monetary exchange rates is an important part of the reform programs realized in transformed economy of Uzbekistan. This policy is crucial for improvement of relative prices, restoration of price stability and for opening national markets to international business -- markets, which were closed so far. Nonexistent convertibility of domestic currency is a reason for decreasing the volume of investments within the country. It is therefore necessary to introduce liberalization of the monetary market and open a seamless access of the businesses to hard currencies. Issues of investment image of Uzbekistan are closely related to the problem of openness of the national economy, which under the current conditions become extremely meaningful.
Statisitcal models of the renewable energy market
Kozma, Petr ; Marek, Luboš (advisor) ; Coufal, Jan (referee) ; Hronová, Stanislava (referee) ; Janáček, Kamil (referee)
An efficient application and development of renewable energy sources is one of the most important contribution to the energetic balance of the human society. Anyhow, statistical model of the renewable energy market, which would fundamentally explain relevant economical rules related to these perspective energetic resources, is not clearly known up to now. Nevertheless, the relevant statistical data concerning application of solar energy (photovoltaic and thermo-solar heating) are available for the last twenty years. Based on the economic models, statistical data concerning sales of photovoltaic models and thermo-solar collectors sales have been analysed in this work. It has been shown that the model of constant elasticity predicts an exponential increase which will slow down when a certain level of annual cumulative sales was reached. The model of constant elasticity was found to be successful to interpret past sales data. In the approach of variable elasticity model the parameter of the elasticity has been modified as a function of variables such as market volume, price and time through the statistical evaluation. It enabled to calculate initial, saturation and competitive market conditions, as well. Whereas the constant elasticity demand model describes exponential growth of sales and installations, which was characteristic for the beginning of the application of these renewable resources of energy, the variable elasticity demand model describes a more realistic situation, where cumulative sales either increase or decrease and prices vary subsequently. Simple growth model of unlimited demand based on the growing sales is not realistic and could not be feasible in the long term. The market elasticity could be understood as a real economical parameter representing percentual market increase or decrease at a given time; in the variable demand elasticity model, the constant elasticity is replaced by a function of a market volume, price and time. In this case, we can estimate model parameters for the different market conditions: growth, saturation and decrease. The function representing the capital adequacy in the generalized market model has also been deliberated. Statistical models have been used to determine cumulative sales and market prices of photovoltaic modules and thermo-solar collectors. Moreover, model parameters have been used for the calculation of the realized photovoltaic and thermo solar projects' capital adequacy on the renewable energy market. By using model parameters, renewable energy market forecast up to 2020 has been estimated. We have used generalized market model to credibly estimate future renewable energy market until 2020; as well as extend model parameterization on other resources of renewable energy (water and wind, geothermal sources, biomass) and set prices of energy produced from these renewable sources. Potential energetic savings have been estimated for households (apartments and private houses), who can be relevant consumers of energy from renewable sources. We have performed statistical findings on randomly selected files, where we have reached a real energy consumption, to prove this. This research allowed us to perform a real estimate of a renewable energy contribution to the total energy balance. We have successfully proved that linearly growing capital adequacy function, with an annual growth between 2.5% and 3.0%, is reflecting the renewable energy market sufficiently and is fully in line with an average growth of the total energy consumption. Renewable energy share on the total energy balance will grow substantially to reach a level of 15% in 2015 on the world market and a level of 8% in the Czech Republic for the same period with a perspective to reach a level of 11% in 2020 respectively. Assuming this level of renewable energy on the total production will lead to a decrease of CO2 emissions by three million of tones in 2015 and by four million of tones in 2020. Final reach of this status quo is fully predicted by our statistical model for renewable energy market.
Analysis of chosen saving and investment products on the czech financial market from the household´s point of view
Mošovská, Veronika ; Janáček, Kamil (advisor) ; Rybáček, Václav (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to describe particular financial products and compare them from the evaluation point of view. We also will review these products from the perspective of clients who differ in investment and saving attitude. We will focus on czech households and describe their habits in area of financial products and examine their behaviour during a time period in relation to phases of economic cycles and other exogenous variables. We also will describe functioning of financial system and focus on information asymmetry between houselholds and financial institutions. Further we will look at examples of moral hazard done by financial institutions. The conclusion of this thesis provides recommendations of suitable products for each client.
Právní systémy vs. Finanční trhy
Fulajtár, Katalin ; Janáček, Kamil (advisor) ; Adamec, Václav (referee) ; Nováček, Jan (referee)
Práce zkoumá souvislost mezi právnímy systémy a finančními trhy. Analyzuje práva akcionářů, vynutitelnost akcionářských práv v různých právních systémech. Práce vychází z přepokladu, že právní systém ovlivňuje velikost a vyspělost finančního trhu.
Adopting the Euro in the Czech Republic
Ira, Jiří ; Janáček, Kamil (advisor) ; Ševčíková, Michaela (referee)
The aim of this thesis was to analyze, if the Czech Republic is ready to adopt the Euro and to evaluate benefits and risks of this step. The analysis is comlemented by evaluation of Maastricht criteria, and there is a short view of their fulfilling in the future. The problem of real convergence is discussed in the following chapter. I paid attention to business cycle synchronization in selected countries, to the situation on the Czech labour market and the fiscal policy. Both of them could play the important role after transition to commom monetary policy as other adjustable mechanisms. These mechanisms would help to absorb asymetric shocks our economy after joining eurozone. Finally I explain the dilemma of exchange rate mechanism ERM II and I mention the impact of global crisis on decision on adopting Euro in the Czech Republic.
Vlivy cestovního ruchu na národní hospodářství ve srovnání Česká republika ? Chorvatsko
Straková, Barbora ; Janáček, Kamil (advisor) ; Halás, Vladimír (referee)
Tato diplomová práce se především zabývá vztahem národního hospodářství a cestovního ruchu, jejich vzájemného vymezení a působení. Velký prostor je také věnován satelitnímu účtu cestovního ruchu, který slouží jako nástroj ke statistickému zachycení těchto vlivů. Toto téma je dále pak z praktického hlediska znázorněno na dvou ukázkových zemích, na České republice a Chorvatsku. Po uvedení do problematiky, která je obsahem první kapitoly, je v druhé kapitole nastíněn vývoj cestovního ruchu ve světě a jeho pohled do budoucnosti. Třetí kapitola rozebírá satelitní účet cestovního ruchu, jeho metodologii, tvorbu, aplikaci a výsledky v obou srovnávaných zemích, a to jak z pohledu národních tak mezinárodních statistik. Ve čtvrté kapitole jsou samostatně analyzovány jednotlivé vlivy cestovního ruchu na národní hospodářství s konkrétní ukázkou v obou výše zmíněných zemích. Poslední kapitola obsahuje srovnání České republiky a Chorvatska dle mezinárodní statistik.

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