National Repository of Grey Literature 24 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Crime and its perception in urban environment
Jíchová, Jana
Jana Jíchová: Crime and its Perception in Urban Environment ABSTRACT Crime is an important social phenomenon that affects many aspects of the functioning of society and the life of every person. It also represents an important interdisciplinary topic that deals with a number of disciplines, including geography. Logically, there is a thematic and methodological overlap; each of the sciences emphasize on different aspects of crime, using various methods and research approaches, interpretations, and therefore contributes to the knowledge of crime differently. The importance of geography is particularly in the enrichment of the crime research on spatial dimension and contributes to its cognition through analysis of the distribution of crime and studies of perception of crime. Although this type of studies is well established in Western crime research, in the Czech geography is paid to them only little attention. This doctoral thesis introduces geography of crime in the Czech context, discusses its theoretical and methodological developments and its applicability and application in our cities.. More emphasis is put on the concept of fear of crime, which constitutes an essential component of feeling of safety affecting daily life, the use of urban space and spatial mobility of individuals. Better understanding of...
Perception of safety and danger in Jičín from the perspective of secondary school students
Žalud, Martin ; Jíchová, Jana (advisor) ; Komárek, Marek (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the perception of safety and danger from the perspective of secondary school students. The goal of the study is to find out how safe students feel in their place of residence, in Jičín and in Czechia. It also focuses on the localization of safely and dangerously perceived places and finding out the reasons for the feeling of danger in these localities. The main method of data collection was a survey among secondary school students in Jičín and an interview with a local police officer and a crime prevention manager in Jičín. Considerable conformity was found between places that respondents do not perceive safely and locations identified by the local police officer as places of frequent police intervention. Reasons for the negative perception of places from the student perspective were shown in the survey. These reasons are mainly related to the social environment. Keywords: feeling of safety, feeling of danger, perception of danger, youth, Jičín
Spatial statistics of point data: possibilities on example of crime research
Havej, Petr ; Netrdová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Jíchová, Jana (referee)
Localized point data are literally everywhere in the world around us. Whether it is about the location of different objects or a place where an incident happened, such as crime, or a place where a more rare disease occurred. One of the researcher's important goals is to analyze their spatial distribution. There is a number of methods to achieve such a goal, which have begun to develop in particular along the development of the field of computing and information technology. The aim of this work is to find out what are the current methods of approach to spatial analysis of point data. To test and apply the spatial analysis methods studied on actual data for crime and evaluate their benefits and results. Problems that may arise in applying methods and actual research using such methods will be discussed. Keywords: spatial analysis, point data, crime research
Residential mobility and fulfilling the ideas of cohousing in the everyday life of inhabitants: Case study of the Klidná project
Horňáková, Marie ; Jíchová, Jana (advisor) ; Kubeš, Jan (referee)
The thesis deals with cohousing; a concept of living based on common spaces and shared facilities. In the first phase, the aim is to provide a summary of the development of cohousing and other similar forms of housing in the world and also in Czechia. The second phase focuses on a concrete by cohousing inspired residential project located in the inner city of Prague. In the work it appears under the name Klidná. The second phase aims to find out what led the communication partners to choose Klidná as a new place of residence, how important role did the specific aspects based on cohousing played in the decision-making process and finally how are the ideas of this concept being fulfilled in everyday life of the inhabitants. The research is of a qualitative nature and the main method of data collection is realization of deep semi-structured interviews, which are subsequently evaluated on the basis of theoretical thematic analysis. Based on the study, none of the communication partners chose Klidná because of the concept of cohousing. They perceived the existence of common areas, small scale of the project or its spatial layout rather as a pleasant bonus. Fulfilling ideas of the concept in everyday life of the informants corresponds with the nature of the project and the context in which it was...
Crime Prevention Strategy and Fear of Crime on Prague's Žižkov
Chrudimská, Barbora ; Jíchová, Jana (advisor) ; Sládek, Jan (referee)
Tato bakalářská práce se věnuje strategii prevence kriminality prostřednictvím designu prostředí mezi její aplikací v konkrétním prostředí a vnímanými obavami ze zločinu. CPTED se pokouší ní spojené obavy ze zločinu pomocí odifikací vystavěného prostředí, kterými snižuje v dané lokalitě příležitosti pro spáchání zločinu. Cílem výzkumu je posoudit míru aplikace zásad CPTED ve čtyřech vybraných žižkovských lokalitách a zjistit, zda souvisí úrovní obav ze zločinu návštěvníků těchto míst. Obavy ze zločinu byly zjišťovány na základě dotazníkového šetření prováděného ve zkoumaných lokalitách Hodnocení, do jaké míry jsou lokalitách využívány zásady CPTED, proběhlo pomocí terénního výzkumu. Výsledky potvrdily, že lokality s aplikovanými zásadami strategie CPTED jsou návštěvníky hodnoceny jako bezpečnější.
Ethical Aspects in the Work of Karel Čapek, esp. in the Dramas Bílá nemoc and Matka
Jíchová, Jana ; Ovečka, Libor (advisor) ; Sládek, Miloš (referee)
The main topic of this thesis is the work of Karel Čapek in actual historical, political and social context with focus on the dramas The White Disease and The Mother. The aim of this paper is to decode the ethical aspects and the heritage to the moral values connected to the deterioration of the whole situation in democratic Europe in between the world wars inside Čapek's work. Keywords Karel Čapek, The Mother, The White Disease, apocryphas, stories, pragmatism, relativism, ethics, philosophy
Perception of danger/safety in Brandýs nad Labem - Stará Boleslav from the perspective of students and seniors
Englmaierová, Tereza ; Jíchová, Jana (advisor) ; Dumbrovská, Veronika (referee)
Perception of danger/safety in Brandýs nad Labem - Stará Boleslav from the perspective of students and seniors Abstract The aim of the bachelor thesis is to find out what are the differences in the perception of fear among seniors and students living in the Brandys nad Labem - Stara Boleslav. Emphasis is also on identifying the places that these groups regard as safe and dangerous, and the reasons that led to this perception. For achieving the objectives was carried out a survey among seniors and students in Brandys nad Labem - Stara Boleslav. The results showed that some places are considered by respondents as more risky, or conversely safer, and that there is a difference between the selected groups. The next reasons were identified, which led to this perception (physical and social aspects, etc.). Keywords: safety, danger, senior, student, Brandýs nad Labem - Stará Boleslav
Feeling of Safety and Fear of Crime in the Czech Republic
Krulichová, Eva ; Buriánek, Jiří (advisor) ; Havlík, Radomír (referee) ; Jíchová, Jana (referee)
The research on feeling of safety and fear of crime abroad has been developed since 70s of the 20th century. In the Czech Republic it became of interest at the beginning of 90s after the fall of the communist regime, while the discrepancy between actually committed and formally registered offences resulting in the sharp increase of officially recorded crime manifested itself. In response to this increase there were written first scientific studies, which mainly dealt with the development of feeling of safety and models explaining such feeling in the context of former social problems (economic stress, trust in the government). In our opinion, however, we lack a comprehensive study that discusses the feeling of safety and fear of crime phenomenon from different aspects and intend to verify the validity of the results of international studies in our milieu. Based on the existing theoretical approaches and selected data sources, the study therefore aims to illuminate the structure of the relationship between fear of crime and individual or social factors that correlate with it. The study particularly deals with the relationship between perceived risk of victimization and fear of crime, i.e. concepts that were often used interchangeably at the beginning of research in this area. The analysis has showed...
Hot spot analysis of car thefts in Liberec
Kostka, Jiří ; Jíchová, Jana (advisor) ; Netrdová, Pavlína (referee)
My diploma thesis deals with distribution analysis of car thefts in the town of Liberec and will look at the options of situational crime prevention techniques. In my diploma thesis I have used the concept of hot spots which is able to show higher than average concentrations of car thefts in the study area. The database is relatively unique, provided by the regional police department in Liberec and contains the records of more than a thousand reported car thefts in Liberec between the years 2011-2014. The provided data contains GPS coordinates and thanks to them, it was possible, with relatively high accuracy, to identify hot spots of car thefts in Liberec. The identification of hot spots was possible as spatial statistics were used that enabled concrete calculations of kernel density, which made it possible to identify problem locations. In our chosen hot spots we then undertook our fieldwork, whose main goal was to evaluate the options of utilization strategy CPTED, so as to obtain preventive measures in problem locations. The output of this thesis include hot spot maps of car thefts 2011-2014 and also recommendations for preventive measures, which would be advisable to implement in chosen hot spots. Key words: car thefts, crime mapping, CPTED, hot spot, crime prevention, GIS

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