National Repository of Grey Literature 35 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The role of protein kinase C in cardioprotection elicited by mild cold acclimation
Lážnovská, Lucie ; Žurmanová, Jitka (advisor) ; Hlaváčková, Markéta (referee)
This master's thesis examines the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in cardioprotection induced by mild cold. PKC is a crucial signaling transduction enzyme that regulates cell growth, differentiation, and survival of the cell. Mild cold, as a novel potential therapeutic strategy, protects tissues from ischemic damage. Studies by Yang et al. suggest that hypothermia activates PKC in cardiomyocytes, triggering a cascade of signaling pathways with protective effects. PKC phosphorylates and activates proteins crucial for cell survival and recovery after ischemia, while also inhibiting apoptosis and limiting the formation of reactive oxygen species that contribute to cell damage during ischemia and reperfusion injury. This work focuses on understanding the molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways associated with the role of PKCε and δ isoforms in cardioprotection induced by mild cold, which could contribute to the development of new therapeutic strategies protecting the heart from ischemic damage. Keywords: protein kinase C, PKCε, PKCδ, mild cold, cardioprotection
The role of protein kinase C alpha in individual cancer cell invasiveness
Szabadosová, Emília ; Brábek, Jan (advisor) ; Hlaváčková, Markéta (referee)
Protein kinase C alpha was one of the first identified isoenzyme of PKC family. Since then PKC has been shown to be important in various signal cascades. One of the best known role is in tumor invasiveness and in development of metastases. A role of protein kinase C alpha was pointed out in regulation of Rho/ROCK pathway in amoeboid invasiveness and also Raf/MAPK signaling cascade of mesenchymal movement. ERM proteins, which act in cancer invasiveness, are regulated by protein kinase C too.
Autophagy in the heart
Šprláková, Katarína ; Hlaváčková, Markéta (advisor) ; Tomšů, Eva (referee)
Currently, it is growing evidence that autophagy is involved in the prevention of various diseases, which of course also includes heart diseases. This thesis is therefore aimed at clarifying the role of autophagy in the heart, especially during ischemia and subsequent reperfusion. Autophagy is a physiological cellular process by which the cell maintains homeostasis by eliminating long-lived proteins and damaged organelles. The role of autophagy during ischemia/reperfusion in the heart is complex. Predominantly it functions as a pro-survival pathway, because it protects the heart from ischemia or hypoxia. However, when triggered over, which happens during reperfusion, it may lead to cell death. In the heart autophagy is activated in response to various stimuli, such as decrease in ATP and subsequent activation of AMPK, protein Bnip3, reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, the opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore, endoplasmic reticulum stress or unfolded protein response.
Studies on the molecular mechanisms of cardioprotective effects of morphine
Škrabalová, Jitka ; Novotný, Jiří (advisor) ; Nováková, Olga (referee) ; Hlaváčková, Markéta (referee)
Acute and chronic morphine administration can significantly reduce ischemia- reperfusion injury of the rat heart. However, the molecular mechanisms mediating the protective effect of morphine are not yet fully elucidated. Concurrently, there is a lack of information about the effects of the long-term action of morphine on heart tissue. Therefore, in the first part of the project, we studied the effect of long-term administration of high doses of morphine (10 mg/kg/day, 10 days) on rat heart tissue. In the second part of the project, we investigated the effect of 1 mM morphine on viability and redox state of rat cardiomyoblast cell line H9c2 that was influenced by oxidative stress elicited by exposure to 300 μM tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP). Our experiments have shown that long-term morphine administration affected neither the amount nor the affinity of myocardial β-adrenergic receptors (β-AR), but almost doubled the number of the dominant isoforms of myocardial adenylyl cyclase (AC) V/VI and led to supersensitization of AC. At the same time, proteomic analyses revealed that long-term morphine administration was associated with significant changes in the left ventricular proteome. In particular, there was an increase in the expression of heat shock proteins (HSP). Increased expression of HSP27...
Role of protein kinase C isoforms in cardioprotective mechanism of chronic hypoxia
Hlaváčková, Markéta ; Novák, František (advisor) ; Kopecký, Jan (referee) ; Novotný, Jiří (referee)
Cardiovascular diseases, particularly acute myocardial infarction, are one of the leading causes of death in developed countries. It is well known that adaptation to chronic intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (IHH) confers long-lasting cardiac protection against acute ischemia/reperfusion injury. Protein kinase C (PKC) appears to play a role in its cardioprotective mechanism since the administration of general PKC inhibitor completely abolished the improvement of ischemic tolerance in IHH hearts. However, the involvement of individual PKC isoforms remains unclear. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to investigate the potential involvement of PKCδ and PKCε, the most prevalent PKC isoforms in rat heart, in the mechanism of IHH-induced cardioprotection. We showed that IHH up- regulated PKCδ protein in left ventricle, enhanced its phosphorylation on Ser643 and increased its co-localization with markers of mitochondrial and sarcolemmal membranes. PKCδ subcellular redistribution induced by IHH as well as the infarct size-limiting effect of IHH was reversed by acute treatment with PKCδ inhibitor rottlerin. These data support the view that PKCδ plays a significant role in IHH-induced cardioprotection. On the other hand, adaptation to IHH decreased the PKCε total protein level without affecting its...
The role of protein kinase C and its targets in cardioprotection
Holzerová, Kristýna ; Hlaváčková, Markéta (advisor) ; Alán, Lukáš (referee) ; Vízek, Martin (referee)
The mortality of cardiovascular diseases remains high and it likely tends to increase in the future. Although many ways how to increase the resistance against myocardial ischemia- reperfusion damage have been described, few of them were transferred into clinical practice. Cardioprotective effect of chronic hypoxia has been described during 60s of the last century. Its detailed mechanism has not been elucidated, but a number of components has been identified. One of these components presents protein kinase C (PKC). The role of PKC was described in detail in the mechanism of ischemic preconditioning, but its involvement in the mechanism of cardioprotection induced by chronic hypoxia remains unclear. One reason is the amount of PKC isoforms, which have often contradictory effects, and the diversity of hypoxic models used. The most frequently mentioned isoforms in connection with cardioprotection are PKCδ and PKCε. The aim of my thesis was to analyze changes in these PKC isoforms at two different cardioprotective models of hypoxia - intermittent hypobaric (IHH) and continuous normobaric hypoxia (CNH). We also examined the target proteins of PKCδ and PKCε after the adaptation to IHH, which could be involved in the mechanism of cardioprotection. These included proteins associated with apoptosis and...

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3 HLAVÁČKOVÁ, Michaela
1 Hlaváčková, M.
1 Hlaváčková, Marcela
7 Hlaváčková, Marie
1 Hlaváčková, Marta
6 Hlaváčková, Martina
3 Hlaváčková, Michaela
1 Hlaváčková, Monika
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