National Repository of Grey Literature 85 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Relationship between pulmonary function and function of the diaphragm in patients with obstructive pulmonary disease
Hellebrandová, Lenka ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Smolíková, Libuše (referee) ; Herget, Jan (referee)
Problém: Obstrukce dýchacích cest a průtoková limitace, způsobená chronickou obstrukční plicní nemocí (CHOPN) nebo astma bronchiale (AB), může způsobit změny tvaru, pozice a pohybů bránice v důsledku zvýšení plicních objemů. Hypotézy: U pacientů s obstrukčním respiračním onemocněním se bude funkce bránice lišit oproti kontrolní skupině zdravých jedinců, což se projeví na jejím postavení a rozsahu pohybu. Existuje vztah mezi plicními funkcemi a polohou a pohyby bránice. Cíl: Cílem práce bylo zjistit, zda pozice, tvar a pohyby bránice u ležících pacientů s průtokovou limitací během maximálních dechových a posturálních manévrů se liší od tvaru, pozice a pohybů bránice za stejné situace u jedinců bez patologie respiračního systému. Zkoumali jsme rozdíly mezi pacienty s CHOPN, pacienty s AB a zdravými jedinci. Cílem bylo také stanovit tyto vztahy v kontextu vážnosti průtokové limitace, resp. obstrukce dechových cest. Metodika: Soubor tvořily 3 skupiny probandů, celkem 31 dospělých: 10 jedinců s klinicky stabilním AB (5 žen a 5 můžů), 11 jedinců s klinicky stabilním, středně těžkým CHOPN (7 mužu a 4 ženy) a kontrolní skupinu tvořilo 10 zdravých jedinců (5 mužů a 5 žen). Všichni probandi podstoupili komplexní měření plicních funkcí a kardiopulmonální zátežové vyšetření. Bránici jsme vyšetřovali pomocí...
Cytokines and adipocytokines in surgically ill patients: the role of fat tissue
Teplan, Vladimír ; Gürlich, Robert (advisor) ; Adamec, Miloš (referee) ; Herget, Jan (referee)
Cytokines and adipocytokines have major effect on post-operative prognosis of patients. In obese patients, we find significantly higher expression of proinflammatory mediators. In first part of our project we focus on cytokine expresion after elective abdominal surgery. Abdominal surgery was choosen as model of stress reaction to organism. Our results show, that proinflammatory cytokine expresion was significantly higher in obese patients and especially early elevation of visfatin could be a new marker in diagnosis of postoperative inflammatory complications. Related publications describe methods, design and results of trials. Second part of our poject is focused on patients after kidney transplanation, considering obesity, type of previous dialysis, early postoperative movement a nutrition. Our results show, that there is higher proinflammatory expresion after kidney transplanation with no effect of previous type of dialysis. On the other side early exercise have positive effect on cytokine expresion and decreases ADMA. Related publicatons describe methods, details and results of trials.
Endothelin and renin - the angiotensin system and its relation to hypertension and hypertension organ damage
Dvořák, Pavel ; Červenka, Luděk (advisor) ; Herget, Jan (referee) ; Janda, Jan (referee) ; Tesař, Vladimír (referee)
Renin-angiotensin and endothelin system play important role in blood pressure regulation. ln order to determine the contribution of an interaction between ET-I and ANG II to the development of hypertension and related end-organ damage in an ANG lI-dependent model of hypertension, we utilized a rat strain transgenic for the mouse Ren-2 renin gene (TGR; strain name TGR(mRen2)27). All our experimental studies have confirmed the crucial effect of increased natrium intake in a diet on development of arterial hypertension and hypertensive end- organ damage (especially kidneys and heart) in this model of arterial hypertension. Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of several types of endothelin system receptors - ETA and ET6 receptors with two subtypes- ETBl and ET62. Our study has brought a new knowledge of physiologic and pathophysiologic function of these receptors. The non- selective blockade of ETA and ETB receptors by Bosentan, improves survival rate of both homozygous and heterozygous transgenic animals, declines extent of hypertensive cardiac end-organ damage and reduce proteinuria and glomeru losclerosis. However, this positive effect of nonselective endothelin blockade is not caused due to decrease of arterial blood pressure. The reason for this fact is probably in various effects of...
Analysis of Bavarian Tourism Office assistance to tourism
Hanušniak, Oliver ; Herget, Jan (advisor) ; Stojanová, Kamila (referee)
This thesis describes the functioning and assistance of tourism in destination Bavaria. In the theoretical part it searches across many introduced for the right definition of tourism destination. Further it expounds the roles of destination management organization, which takes care of managing and promoting each destination. Because Bavaria puts a lot of effort in their brand and competitivness, the thesis describes these terms on the theoretical level as well. Some present studies are presented too. The analytical part introduces the destination Bavaria with its strenghs and weaknesses. Great attention is paid to attendance, with help of tables and graphs, that has recently seen a significant growth and looks for the causations of this trend. It sees them mostly in the safety situation in some traditional holiday destinations and in the strong activity of Bavarian tourism agency, which functioning is described in the last part of the thesis.
Specifics and consumer behavior of LGBT segment in tourism
Červená, Nikola ; Herget, Jan (advisor) ; Světlík, Maryan (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with problematics of LGBT consumers in tourism, measuring the size and importance and it examine the question if this segment brings economic benefits to actively addressing destinations. There are defined terms as LGBT tourism, market segmentation and consumer behavior of homosexuals and non-normative sexually oriented people. In market analysis and survey of LGBT tourism there was confirmed positive impact in tourism income on LGBT friendly destinations. LGBT tourism is a new and interesting type of tourism with objective positives like proven higher income of LGBT people and tourism as their main hobby, but also negatives in homophobia in society and religious issues. Next development of LGBT tourism starts with changes in society and acceptance of homosexuality like one of the choices of sexual orientation.
Analysis and comparison of use of destination cards in the Czech Republic and abroad
Fikejsová, Julie ; Herget, Jan (advisor) ; Pilařová, Adéla (referee)
The aim of the Diploma thesis is to show the benefit of destination cards and the potential of a unified system of destination cards in the Czech Republic. The main aim is achieved by analyzing and comparing the offer of use of destination cards abroad and in the Czech Republic. The Diploma thesis is divided into six chapters. The first chapter deals with the definition of tourism, factors influencing the development of tourism and specification of the tourism market. The second chapter is dedicated to tourism marketing, destination marketing and tourism destination characteristics. The third chapter deals with the concept of the destination card and its use. The fourth chapter describes the offer and the system of destination cards abroad, on the example of Great Britain. The fifth chapter describes the system and the total offer of destination cards in the Czech Republic. The selected destination cards and their influence on the behavior of the tourists in the destination will be analyzed. In conclusion, based on the results of the analyzes, the solution of a uniform system for coordination of destination cards in the Czech Republic is proposed.
Relationship between pulmonary function and function of the diaphragm in patients with obstructive pulmonary disease
Hellebrandová, Lenka ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Smolíková, Libuše (referee) ; Herget, Jan (referee)
Problém: Obstrukce dýchacích cest a průtoková limitace, způsobená chronickou obstrukční plicní nemocí (CHOPN) nebo astma bronchiale (AB), může způsobit změny tvaru, pozice a pohybů bránice v důsledku zvýšení plicních objemů. Hypotézy: U pacientů s obstrukčním respiračním onemocněním se bude funkce bránice lišit oproti kontrolní skupině zdravých jedinců, což se projeví na jejím postavení a rozsahu pohybu. Existuje vztah mezi plicními funkcemi a polohou a pohyby bránice. Cíl: Cílem práce bylo zjistit, zda pozice, tvar a pohyby bránice u ležících pacientů s průtokovou limitací během maximálních dechových a posturálních manévrů se liší od tvaru, pozice a pohybů bránice za stejné situace u jedinců bez patologie respiračního systému. Zkoumali jsme rozdíly mezi pacienty s CHOPN, pacienty s AB a zdravými jedinci. Cílem bylo také stanovit tyto vztahy v kontextu vážnosti průtokové limitace, resp. obstrukce dechových cest. Metodika: Soubor tvořily 3 skupiny probandů, celkem 31 dospělých: 10 jedinců s klinicky stabilním AB (5 žen a 5 můžů), 11 jedinců s klinicky stabilním, středně těžkým CHOPN (7 mužu a 4 ženy) a kontrolní skupinu tvořilo 10 zdravých jedinců (5 mužů a 5 žen). Všichni probandi podstoupili komplexní měření plicních funkcí a kardiopulmonální zátežové vyšetření. Bránici jsme vyšetřovali pomocí...
Role of KCNQ channels in response of the pulmonary circulation to hypoxia
Šedivý, Vojtěch ; Herget, Jan (advisor) ; Melenovský, Vojtěch (referee) ; Neckář, Jan (referee)
Reaction of pulmonary vascular bed to hypoxia is different than in systemic vasculature. Acute ventilatory hypoxia constricts pulmonary arteries (HPV), diverts blood to better oxygenated alveoli and optimises arterial pO2. Chronic hypoxia causes pulmonary hypertension (HPH) and exposure to hypoxia at birth (perinatal hypoxia) results in longterm changes of pulmonary vasculature, which makes it more susceptible to develop pulmonary hypertension in adulthood. Reaction of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) to hypoxia involves membrane depolarization by inhibition of voltage gated potassium channels (Kv). Among them KCNQ (Kv7) channels have biophysical properties (low voltage threshold for activation and lack of inactivation during sustained depolarization) which suggest them to play a key role in hypoxic response. Specific KCNQ channel inhibitor linopirdine primes HPV in saline perfused lungs, but in not primed lungs does not cause vasoconstriction, it behaves in the same way as acute ventilatory hypoxia. Moreover, in primed lungs linopirdin potentiates HPV and prevents non- specific Kv inhibitor 4-aminopyridine to potentiate HPV. It seems, that KCNQ channel inhibition has a key role in HPV. In rats exposed to hypoxia for 3-5 days (normobaric chamber, FiO2 0,1) we examined relationship of...
Reactivity of pulmonary vessels to hypoxia
Koubský, Karel ; Herget, Jan (advisor) ; Červenka, Luděk (referee) ; Neckář, Jan (referee)
Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) is a physiological mechanism that maintains optimal oxygenation of blood in the lungs. However, chronic hypoxia causes hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (HPH). Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) participate in the pathogenesis of HPH. Oxidative stress can cause NO synthase uncoupling and subsequent production of superoxide instead of NO. Increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration in pulmonary smooth muscle cells is required for pulmonary vasoconstriction. However, vessel tone can also be regulated by vascular smooth muscle cells' calcium sensitivity (without Ca2+ concentration changes). Increase of calcium sensitivity plays a role in HPV and HPH. This study focuses on three mechanisms to influence the increased calcium sensitivity in HPV a HPH: (1) Rho kinase inhibition, (2) effort to re-couple NO synthase, and (3) vasorelaxant effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Normobaric hypoxic chamber (10% O2) or the combination of hypoxia and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor blockade was used to induce pulmonary hypertension in rats. (1) The effect of acute and chronic Rho kinase inhibition was studied on pressure-flow relationship (P/Q) in isolated perfused lungs. Acute Rho kinase inhibition decreased the basal tone of pulmonary vessels in HPH...
Experimental pulmonary embolism - pathophysiological aspects
Mizera, Roman ; Herget, Jan (advisor) ; Lischke, Robert (referee) ; Vízek, Martin (referee)
- Experimental pulmonary embolism, pathophysiological aspects MUDr. Roman Mizera Theoretical part of the thesis deals with mechanisms of pulmonary hypertension after pulmonary embolism (PE) and summarizes the knowledge of literary sources in this issue. Peripherally deals with the mechanical obstruction of pulmonary vessels, particularly discusses vasoconstriction after the PE. In the experimental part are described three separate experiments. The first experiment tested effect of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and preventive administration their scavenger - superoxide dismutase inhibitor tempol on basal perfusion pressure, vasoconstriction, NO synthase activity and the production of NOx after acute PE. Results show that after PE grows NO synthase activity and the production of NOx, the administration of tempol reduces basal perfusion pressure and vasoconstriction after PE. In the second experiment, we measured basal perfusion pressure and vasoconstriction after PE in lungs exposed to 5 day chronic hypoxia. We tested influence of PDE-5 inhibitor sildenafil on the pulmonary vessels tone. Sildenafil decreased basal pressure after PE in chronic hypoxia, its administration does not affect the pulmonary vasoconstriction of pulmonary vessels, but increases their compliance. The last project tested effect...

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