National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Social determinants of knowledge of HPV infection and cancer risk
Stuchlíková, Tereza ; Kulhánová, Ivana (advisor) ; Hejtmánková, Alžběta (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and potential cancer risks that it causes. HPV is a factor of cervical cancer, one of the most common cancer cause of death in women, cervical cancer. Despite the fact that the majority of both female and male population become infected with HPV during their sexually active lives, especially before the age of 30, women are predominantly more susceptible to this infection. When young, the immune system can clear HPV within 2 years unnoticed but in the case of high-risk HPV, an innocent infection can be fatal. In recent years, the male population in particular has been increasingly affected by malignant neoplasms of the head and neck, such as oropharynx, which are caused by HPV. In recent years, HPV has ceased to be associated only with female genital cancer. However, this infection also causes penile and anal cancer in men so there is a need to better educate the population about the risks of HPV, especially the younger generation whose sexual behaviour is changing and therefore the virus in no longer only affecting genital tissue. The thesis deals with the description and epidemiology of these types of tumours and also with the social determinants that influence HPV infection. Knowledge of the risks of HPV is a...
The influence of carcinogenic infectious agents on cancer incidence in Czechia in 2018
Jančura, Václav ; Kulhánová, Ivana (advisor) ; Hejtmánková, Alžběta (referee)
The main goal of this diploma thesis is to estimate the influence of carcinogenic infectious agents on the cancer incidence in Czechia in 2018, including the difference among sexes, age groups, the development over time and the placement in global context of its problematics. The thesis also aims to analyse the share of individual carcinogenic infectious agents on cancer incidence in Czechia in 2018. In the analytical part, the method of population attributable fraction and age-standardized incidence rates were used. The analysed data came from the Institute of Health Information and Statistics of the Czech Republic and the Czech Statistical Office. One of the main conclusions is that the influence of carcinogenic infectious agents on cancer incidence in Czechia in 2018 was low, which corresponded with the typical influence for one of the most developed countries in the world. The most frequent carcinogenic infectious agent was human papillomavirus, followed by Helicobacter pylori. The carcinogenic infectious agents had a greater effect on cancer incidence among women. Between 1978 and 2018, there was a significant reduction of the influence of carcinogenic infectious agents on cancer incidence. Keywords: cancer, incidence, carcinogenic infectious agents, population attributable fraction

Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.