National Repository of Grey Literature 1 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The study of energetic metabolism in patients with mitochondrial translation defects
Hýbl, Martin ; Hansíková, Hana (advisor) ; Čermáková, Michaela (referee)
Mitochondria are semi-autonomous organelles that contain their own DNA. Human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) encodes a total of 37 genes: 13 subunits of oxidative phosphorylation complexes (OXPHOS), 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules and 2 ribosomal RNA (rRNA) molecules. Pathogenic mutations in genes associated with mitochondrial translation are a common cause of mitochondrial disease. These mutations can be found in mtDNA or in nuclear genes encoding ribosomal proteins, initiation, elongation and termination factors, mitochondrial tRNA-modifying enzymes and aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. Mitochondrial aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (mt-aaRS) are enzymes that catalyse the addition of single amino acids to specific tRNAs. The aim of the bachelor thesis was an introduction to the work in the tissue culture laboratory. To prepare samples for the following experiments, skin fibroblasts from five patients with mt-aaRS disorders (AARS2, DARS2, NARS2, SARS2) and control lines were cultured in glucose and galactose media. Subsequently, the procedure for determining the equilibrium amount of selected subunits of the OXPHOS complexes was optimized and applied to the analysis of fibroblasts from five patients with mt-aaRS disorder. When the cells were cultured in glucose medium, decreased levels of some subunits of complex...

See also: similar author names
2 HÝBL, Marian
6 Hýbl, Matouš
2 Hýbl, Miroslav
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.